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Tag: suggests

  • Eradicating the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Robertson, Harvetta

    The article discusses ways on attaining the goal of abolishing the achievement gap still present among U.S. schools in the 21st century. According to the author, despite of the technological advancements and institutional practices that are research-based, academic achievement and equal learning opportunities for U.S. students are not yet achieved. An overview of the ways to help students associate their knowledge with th instructional content is offered. It also suggests that participation...

  • Evidence of a differential effect of ability grouping on the reading achievement growth of language-minority Hispanics

    1/1/08 - Robinson, Joseph P.

    Ability grouping is sometimes thought to exacerbate inequality by increasing achievement gaps; however, ability grouping may in fact benefit a fast growing and often marginalized student population: children from non-English-speaking home environments. The level-appropriate, small-group instruction received in reading ability groups may be particularly beneficial to these language-minority children, who are not regularly exposed to English at home. Focusing on Hispanics, who make up the...

  • From Noncompetence to Exceptional Talent: Exploring the Range of Academic Achievement Within and Between Grade Levels

    1/1/05 - Gagné, Françoys

    This article analyzes the magnitude of individual differences in academic achievement and their growth over the first 9 years of schooling. The author anchors the widening-gap phenomenon on the theoretical recognition of large individual differences in learning pace, which logically leads over time to an increasing gap in knowledge and skills between the fastest and slowest learners. The achievement data used as evidence were borrowed from the developmental standard score (SS) norms of the...

  • Gap or Gaps: Challenging the Singular Definition of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Carpenter, Dick M., II, Ramirez, Al, Severn, Laura

    Analyzing data on 15,618 12th-grade students from the National Education Longitudinal Study, a study examined within-group differences in achievement across Latino, Caucasian, and African-American student populations. Findings revealed multiple achievement gaps within and between ethnic groups, with similar variables contributing to within-group achievement gaps across all three groups. Ethnicity did not alter the importance of certain variables in academic achievement, variables such as...

  • Gender Disparity in Science Education: The Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

    1/1/04 - Tindall, Tiffany, Hamil, Burnette

    Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments prohibits sex discrimination in schools. However, research conducted since this time has consistently revealed that gender discrimination in schools remains, especially in the areas of science and mathematics. Girls are not receiving the same quality, or even quantity, of education as their male classmates. Over the past 20 years, a large body of international scholarly literature has developed to address gender disparity in science and science...

  • Girl friendly? Investigating the gender gap in national reading tests at age 11

    1/1/09

    Background: In England, there are concerns about boys' under-achievement in reading, and girls consistently do better than boys in national reading tests taken by 11-year-olds. At the same time, there have been accusations of bias in the content of the reading tests. Purpose: This article looks at the performance of boys and girls on the 2008 reading test during its development. Sample: In April 2007, 1423 students from a nationally representative sample of 62 primary schools participated in...

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    Health in childhood and adolescence and high school dropout

    1/23/10 - Joshua Breslau

    "There is ample evidence that poor health in childhood and adolescence is associated with higher risk of dropping out of high school. This association is suggestive of a causal effect of health problems on dropout and a potential role for health interventions to reduce the proportion of high school students who drop out. Interventions with such a dual benefit—improving health while decreasing dropout—would be important policy priorities. With the goal of identifying strategic priorities...

  • High school reform and Black male students: Limits and possibilies of policy and practice

    1/1/03 - Jordan, Will J., Cooper, Robert

    An infusion of federal funding and philanthropic support for high schools has sparked an unprecedented number of educational reforms. Still, few initiatives confront the unique conditions facing Black male students. Despite efforts to reform ineffective schools and foster academic achievement for all students, there continues to be a lingering gap between affluent and poor as well as White and Black subgroups. This article explores the complexities of these issues. The authors examine the...

  • High-Stakes Accountability, State Oversight, and Educational Equity

    1/1/04 - Mintrop, Heinrich

    This article argues that outcome-based accountability systems are not likely to close the achievement gap. Using California as an example, it suggests that states need to pay closer attention to learning conditions and powerful programs that deliver quality interventions. The article describes the design of the California low-performing schools program, discusses reasons for its limited effectiveness, and suggests design features that may increase the chances for the state to reach its...

  • How Large an Effect Can We Expect from School Reforms?

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros, Hedges, Larry V.

    Background/Context: Determining the effectiveness of reform strategies is a major part of the current and future educational research agenda. Effects of education reforms will be evaluated largely quantitatively, and an important aspect of this work will be judging how well reform strategies work. The rhetoric of contemporary school reform suggests two somewhat different solutions to the problem of the interpretive frame. One solution is derived from the idea that the goal of school reform...

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    Induction: A Brief Introduction for Beginning Special Education Teachers

    1/12/10 - National Center to Inform Policy and Practice

    Research suggests that strong induction and mentoring programs help novice special education teachers succeed during their first years of teaching. Many school districts have formal and informal induction programs. Learn more about the features of strong induction support in this Brief.

  • Is math achievement a matter of personality type?

    1/1/99 - Gillespie, Bonnie V.

    The study of the relationship between the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Thinking-Feeling (T-F) preference and mathematics achievement scores of 12th graders was prompted by the following factors: (1) male 12th graders have higher achievement test scores in mathematics than females even though females have closed the gender gap in math achievement in the lower grades; (2) gender differences in personality type are found only in the T-F index of the MBTI; and (3) type theory suggests that...

  • It's Not "a Black Thing": Understanding the Burden of Acting White and Other Dilemmas of High Achievement

    1/1/05 - Tyson, Karolyn, Darity, William, Jr., Castellino, Domini R.

    For two decades the acting white hypothesis--the premise that black students are driven toward low school performance because of racialized peer pressure--has served as an explanation for the black-white achievement gap. Fordham and Ogbu proposed that black youths sabotage their own school careers by taking an oppositional stance toward academic achievement. Using interviews and existing data from eight North Carolina secondary public schools, this article shows that black adolescents are...

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    Lets Try: Family Connections Newsletter

    1/14/10 - Ferguson, Dianne

    Lots of schools use newsletters, consider adding the following sections or columns that focus on “Family Connections.” Report summaries of what you learn from parents. Offer descriptions and explanations of school initiatives and policies. Suggest things families can do together at home that will reinforce student learning.

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    Lets Try: “Friday” Folders

    1/14/10 - Ferguson, Dianne

    Good communication between teachers and families can help build school community and foster successful school experiences for kids. One way to achieve good communication is to establish a consistent system for sharing information. A weekly “Friday” folder, provided to each student by his or her teacher, creates an arena for schools and families to share information, successes, questions, and suggestions.

  • Minority advances in test performance: A response to Jones

    1/1/86 - Wainer, Howard

    Suggests that the advances made by minorities in test performance reported by L. V. Jones (see record 1985-26568-001) must be interpreted with some skepticism in light of the self-selecting nature of the College Board Scholastic Achievement Test and the 120-point gap in scores on this test between Blacks and Whites. (1 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )

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