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Tag: statistics

  • Schools and staffing in the United States: A statistical profile, 1990 91.

    1/1/93 - Choy, S. P., R. R. Henke, et al.
  • Social-Emotional Factors Affecting Achievement Outcomes Among Disadvantaged Students: Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/02 - Becker, Bronwyn E., Luthar, Suniya S.

    Despite concentrated efforts at improving inferior academic outcomes among disadvantaged students, a substantial achievement gap between the test scores of these students and others remains (Jencks & Phillips, 1998; National Center for Education Statistics, 2000a, 2000b; Valencia & Suzuki, 2000). Existing research used ecological models to document social-emotional factors at multiple levels of influence that undermine academic performance. This article integrates ideas from various...

  • Special education in the United States: Statistics

    1/1/69 - Mackie, R.
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    Statistical Power Analysis in Education Research

    1/28/10 - Larry V. Hedges , Christopher Rhoads

    This paper provides a guide to calculating statistical power for the complex multilevel designs that are used in most field studies in education research. For multilevel evaluation studies in the field of education, it is important to account for the impact of clustering on the standard errors of estimates of treatment effects. Using ideas from survey research, the paper explains how sample design induces random variation in the quantities observed in a randomized experiment, and how this...

  • Stereotype Threat and the Social and Scientific Contexts of the Race Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Sherman, David K.

    Comments on an article by Paul Sackett, Chaitra Hardison and Michael Cullen entitled On Interpreting Stereotype Threat as Accounting for African American-White Differences on Cognitive Tests (see record 2004-10043-001). In their article, Sackett, Hardison, and Cullen (see record 2000-16592-021) critiqued misrepresentations of the original stereotype threat findings presented by Steele and Aronson. They criticized representations of the research that suggest that stereotype threat explains...

  • The black-white-other achievement gap: Testing theories of academic performance among multiracial and monoracial adolescents

    1/1/09 - Herman, Melissa R.

    The study presented here tested three theories of racial differences in academic performance among monoracial and multiracial high school students. These theories (status attainment, oppositional culture, and educational attitudes) were developed to explain differences in achievement among monoracial groups, but the study tested how the theories apply to a multiracial sample. The results show that ethnic identity and experiences of ethnic discrimination are not strong factors in explaining...

  • The Black-White-Other Achievement Gap: Testing Theories of Academic Performance Among Multiracial and Monoracial Adolescents

    1/1/09 - Herman, Melissa R.

    The study presented here tested three theories of racial differences in academic performance among monoracial and multiracial high school students. These theories (status attainment, oppositional culture, and educational attitudes) were developed to explain differences in achievement among monoracial groups, but the study tested how the theories apply to a multiracial sample. The results show that ethnic identity and experiences of ethnic discrimination are not strong factors in explaining...

  • The Black-White-Other Achievement Gap: Testing Theories of Academic Performance Among Multiracial and Monoracial Adolescents

    1/1/09 - Herman, Melissa R.

    The study presented here tested three theories of racial differences in academic performance among monoracial and multiracial high school students. These theories (status attainment, oppositional culture, and educational attitudes) were developed to explain differences in achievement among monoracial groups, but the study tested how the theories apply to a multiracial sample. The results show that ethnic identity and experiences of ethnic discrimination are not strong factors in explaining...

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    The Latino Education Crisis: Rescuing the American Dream

    1/24/10 - Patricia Gándara

    The United States faces an unprecedented challenge. The largest and fastest growing minority group in the nation — Latinos — are performing academically at levels that will soon put the entire society at risk and consign these young people to a permanent underclass. From kindergarten to high school graduation and college matriculation, the gaps in achievement between Latinos and most other students are enormous, and in many cases growing. Projections are that, unchecked, this situation...

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    The Nation's Report Card: Reading 2009

    1/31/10 - National Center for Education Statistics,

    "This report presents results of the 2009 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in reading at grades 4 and 8. Results for students in the nation, the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools are reported as average scores and as percentages of students performing at or above three achievement levels: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. Scores are also reported at selected percentiles, showing changes in the performance of lower-, middle-, and...

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    Trends in the use of school choice: 1993 to 2007

    1/9/10 - Sarah Grady, Stacey Bielick, Susan Aud

    "This report updates two previous reports: Trends in the Use of School Choice: 1993 to 1999 (Bielick and Chapman 2003) and Trends in the Use of School Choice: 1993 to 2003 (Tice et al. 2006). Using data from the National Household Education Survey (NHES) of the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), this report examines enrollment trends in public schools (assigned and chosen) and private schools (religious and nonsectarian), from 1993 to 2007, as...

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    U.S. Performance Across International Assessments of Student Achievement: Special Supplement to The Condition of Education 2009

    1/18/09 - Stephen Provasnik, Patrick Gonzales, David Miller

    The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is congressionally mandated to report on the state of education in the United States and other countries. To carry out this mission, NCES participates in several international assessments to measure how the performance of U.S. students and adults compares with that of their counterparts in other countries. This special analysis looks closely at the information NCES has gathered from recent international studies that U.S. students have...

  • Using Correlational and Prediction Data to Enhance Student Achievement in K-12 Schools: A Practical Application for School Counselors

    1/1/06 - Ware, William B., Galassi, John P.

    Correlational data and regression analysis provide the school counselor with a method to describe growth in achievement test scores from elementary to high school. Using Microsoft Excel,, this article shows the reader in a step-by-step manner how to describe this growth pattern and how to evaluate interventions that attempt to enhance achievement and to reduce the achievement gap among ethnic groups. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

  • Using explanatory item response models to analyze group differences in science achievement

    1/1/08 - Briggs, Derek C.

    This article illustrates the use of an explanatory item response modeling (EIRM) approach in the context of measuring group differences in science achievement. The distinction between item response models and EIRMs, recently elaborated by De Boeck and Wilson (2004), is presented within the statistical framework of generalized linear mixed models. It is shown that the EIRM approach provides a powerful framework for both a psychometric and statistical analysis of group differences. This is...

  • When Are Racial Disparities in Education the Result of Racial Discrimination? A Social Science Perspective

    1/1/03 - Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin

    In this article I seek to answer the question, "When are racial disparities in education the result of racial discrimination?" To answer it I synthesize the social science research on racially correlated disparities in education. My review draws from the sociology, anthropology, political science, psychology, history, and education literatures. I organize explanations into six categories: biological determinism, social structure, school organization and opportunities to learn, family...

  • When Are Racial Disparities in Education the Result of Racial Discrimination? A Social Science Perspective

    1/1/03 - Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin

    In this article I seek to answer the question, "When are racial disparities in education the result of racial discrimination?" To answer it I synthesize the social science research on racially correlated disparities in education. My review draws from the sociology, anthropology, political science, psychology, history, and education literatures. I organize explanations into six categories: biological determinism, social structure, school organization and opportunities to learn, family...

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