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Tag: relationship

  • Brain-behavior relationships in reading acquisition are modulated by socioeconomic factors

    1/1/06 - Noble, Kimberly G., Wolmetz, Michael E., Ochs, Lisa G., Farah, Martha J., McCandliss, Bruce D.

    Functional neuroimaging may provide insights into the achievement gap in reading skill commonly observed across socioeconomic status (SES). Brain activation during reading tasks is known to be associated with individual differences in children's phonological language skills. By selecting children of equivalent phonological skill, yet diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, we use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to demonstrate that a child's experience, as operationalized by SES, can...

  • Bridging the Acculturation Gap: Parent-Child Relationship Quality as a Moderator in Mexican American Families

    1/1/08 - Schofield, Thomas J., Parke, Ross D., Kim, Young, Coltrane, Scott

    The authors examined the degree to which disparities in parent and child acculturation are linked to both family and child adjustment. With a sample of 1st- and 2nd-generation Mexican American children, acculturation and parent-child relationship quality at 5th grade, and parent-child conflict, child internalizing, and child externalizing at 7th grade were measured. Acculturation gaps with fathers were found to be related to later father-child conflict as well as internalizing and...

  • Caring Closes the Language-Learning Gap

    1/1/09 - Borba, Mary

    The article discusses how relationships between schools and families of English language learners (ELLs) can affect academic achievement and parental participation in education. The author notes achievement gaps between ELLs and English speakers and discusses how parental involvement in education improves achievement. She recommends the use of bilingual personnel and translation of school documents to improve conditions for parents of ELLs and suggests that parent education programs offering...

  • The gender gap in language achievement: The role of school-related attitudes of class groups

    1/1/06 - Van de Gaer, Eva, Pustjens, Heidi, Van Damme, Jan, De Munter, Agnes

    The present study was designed to examine how the attitudinal composition of class groups is related to the gender gap in language achievement at the end of secondary education. Data were drawn from the LOSO project and multilevel analyses were used. The results showed that the attitudes of the class groups, and, more specifically, the attitudes of same-sex classmates, had a stronger impact on the language achievement of boys than on the language achievement of girls. No gender differences...

  • The Relationships of Peer Norms, Ethnic Identity, and Peer Support to School Engagement in Urban Youth

    1/1/07 - Shin, Richard, Daly, Bryan, Vera, Elizabeth

    Investigating variables associated with the school success and educational resilience of urban youth of color should be a high priority because of the persistent achievement gap in the United States. The current study examined individual and peer factors' relation to the school engagement of 132 seventh- and eighth-grade students from a diverse public elementary school in a large Midwestern city. The participants ranged in age from 12 to 15 years old. In this study, positive peer norms, peer...

  • "PRACTICING WHAT WE PREACH: AN ARGUMENT FOR COOPERATIVE LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATORS"

    1/1/05 - Coke, Pamela K.

    Van Allen (1996) supports a paradigm shift in how Americans think about education, from a view of school as hierarchy to school as continuum. While the relationship between elementary and secondary education is not always visible, teachers can model cooperative learning for students by working as a team across grade levels to solve problems, complete tasks, and accomplish common goals, such as reducing gaps and redundancies in education. Schools could respond more productively to elementary...

  • 21st Century Knowledge and Skills in Educator Preparation

    1/1/10 - Partnership for 21st Century Skills

    This is an exciting and challenging time for teacher educators. The nature of teaching is changing. In an effort to transform themselves into exemplary educator preparation institutions, many programs are becoming more entrepreneurial, recognizing new opportunities and making changes required to respond to the needs of 21st century learners. Many are successfully engaged in strategies such as: • Providing high-quality alternative routes to teaching, • Building on private and...

  • A Deeper Look at Deeper Learning

    3/1/14 - Kysilko, David

    Policy makers who want to support students must grapple with a thorny question: "How do we create education policies to prepare youth for the world they'll enter tomorrow when our imagination and thinking is often limited to the world we live in today?" Those who grapple with this essential question recognize a significant challenge: the world, its opportunities and its complexities - including speed of communication, development and use of technology, global connectedness, and other trends...

  • A different view of the IQ-achievement gap

    1/1/76 - Gordon, Margaret T.

    Investigated the relationship between children's IQ and scholastic achievement scores and race, occupational attainment, and social mobility of their parents. The IQ and achievement test scores of 1,102 Chicago area 5th and 6th graders--Black and White, middle- and working-class--were aggregated into 7 cohorts of approximately equal IQ scores. Within these cohorts differences in achievement emerged which could not be attributed to race- or class-linked intellectual discrepancies. Among Ss...

  • Academic achievement of low birthweight children at age 11: The role of cognitive abilities at school entry

    1/1/01 - Breslau, N., Johnson, E. O., Lucia, V. C.

    Examined the extent to which deficits in academic achievement in low birthweight (LBW) children at age 11 are explained by deficits in cognitive abilities at school entry. Data come from a longitudinal study of a stratified sample of LBW and normal birthweight (NBW) children from an innercity and middle class suburbs in the Detroit area. Woodcock-Johnson Psychoeducational Battery--Revised was used to measure reading and math at age 11. WISC-R and specific neuropsychologic tests were...

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    AfterZones: Creating a Citywide System to Support and Sustain High-Quality After-School Programs

    1/23/10 - Laura J. Kotloff

    "Building on a long history of investments in OST learning, The Wallace Foundation launched an out-of-school learning initiative in 2003. The initiative was created to support citywide system-building efforts that could advance three interrelated goals for the OST field: improving program quality, making programs accessible to youth who need them most, and improving youth participation so more children can realize benefits. The Foundation granted funds to five cities to support their...

  • An Exploration of the Relationship Between Ethnicity, Attention Problems, and Academic Achievement

    1/1/04 - Rabiner, David L., Murray, Desiree W., Schmid, Lorrie

    Abstract. There has been longstanding concern about achievement differences across ethnic groups. Inattention is a significant factor associated with underachievement, and higher ratings of inattention have been found for some minority groups. The present study examined the relationship between inattention and achievement across Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic first graders. Thirty-three teachers rated over 600 students on their academic achievement, inattentive classroom behavior...

  • An Exploration of the Relationship Between Ethnicity, Attention Problems, and Academic Achievement

    1/1/04 - Rabiner, David L., Murray, Desiree W., Schmid, Lorrie, Malone, Patrick S.

    There has been longstanding concern about achievement differences across ethnic groups. Inattention is a significant factor associated with underachievement, and higher ratings of inattention have been found for some minority groups. The present study examined the relationship between inattention and achievement across Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic first graders. Thirty-three teachers rated over 600 students on their academic achievement, inattentive classroom behavior...

  • Behind in assessment and losing the shame game

    3/1/14 - Ferguson, Maria

    When the most recent PISA scores were released last fall, there was a flurry of headlines about America’s stagnant public schools. American students were characterized as being asleep at the wheel and in need of a major wake-up call. If we really wanted the public to look closer and try to understand why PISA, NAEP and other Behind in assessment and losing the shame game kinds of assessments are important, we would need to do more than just shame public schools. We would need to have a...

  • Between Two Worlds: How Young Latinos Come of Age in America

    1/1/09 - Pew Hispanic Center Staff

    A Pew Hispanic Center report based on a new nationwide survey of Latino youths and on analyses of government data examines the values, attitudes, experiences and self-identity of this generation as it comes of age in America.

  • Building Social Relationships

    1/1/08 - Bellini, S.
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