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Tag: proficiency

  • Evaluation of Quality Teaching for English Learners (QTEL) Professional Development

    1/1/12 - Bos, J.M., Sanchez, R.C., Tseng, F., Rayyes, N., Ortiz, L., and Sinicrope, C.

    English language proficiency is critical to academic achievement in the United States. For several decades, educators and policymakers have explored strategies to ensure that English language learner students have access to rigorous academic content as much as non–English language learner students. Educating English language learner students is a challenge that has become a civil rights issue and a topic of federal legislation. In 1968, Congress passed the Bilingual Education Act...

  • High-Stakes Testing: Does the California High School Exit Exam Measure Up?

    1/1/05 - Callet, Valerie J.

    In 2002, President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act. In addition to providing additional funding for schools and encouraging local autonomy, the new law focuses on accountability in an attempt to close the achievement gap for all students, leaving no child behind. Perhaps the most striking manifestation of Bush's new law is the amplified attention on high-stakes testing as a means to demonstrate accountability. The California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE) is California's...

  • Preschool Antecedents of Mathematics Achievement of Latinos: The Influence of Family Resources, Early Literacy Experiences, and Preschool Attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

  • Preschool antecedents of mathematics achievement of Latinos: The influence of family resources, early literacy experiences, and preschool attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen, Reese, Leslie

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

  • School racial composition and academic achievement: the case of Hmong LEP students in the USA

    1/1/08 - Lee, Moosung, Madyun, Na'im

    The existence of the achievement gap is more than just a black-white issue; contrary to stereotypes, it is a concern within Asian homes. Hmong students underachieve in comparison with many East Asian students. Traditional cultural practices and poverty have been identified as explanatory factors. Our data suggest that a more critical factor might be within-school segregation. Utilising a racial exposure statistic, it was found that the more diverse a school became, the higher the achievement...

  • A Reading Program to Narrow the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Erickson, Elizabeth

    Due to the No Child Left Behind legislation (PL 107-110, reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act), schools are looking for reading programs that will push students into reading proficiency on standardized tests. Programs tend to be expensive, require specific training, and often require buying that company's materials. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

  • A READING PROGRAM TO NARROW THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/08 - Erickson, Elizabeth

    The article presents a study on an Intensive Reading program (IR) intervention for sixth grade students who were behind at least one year in reading proficiency. The article evaluates whether the program increased student achievement and discusses how students of different ethnic groups performed in the program. Findings showed that no ethnic group performed better than the others. An overview of the literature related to the teaching of reading and active learning is also provided.

  • A road map for mathematics achievement for all students: findings from the national mathematics panel

    1/1/09 - Brown, C.,

    The eminence, safety, and well-being of nations have been entwined for centuries with the ability of their people to deal with sophisticated quantitative ideas. Leading societies have commanded mathematical skills that have brought them advantages in medicine and health, in technology and commerce, in navigation and exploration, in defense and finance, and in the ability to understand past failures and to forecast future developments. History is full of examples. During most of the 20th...

  • Achievement disparities between minority and nonminority students in suburban schools

    1/1/90 - Levine, Daniel U., Eubanks, Eugene E.

    National data show that in 1986, African-American (AA) and Hispanic (HS) 13-yr-old students with college-educated parents had average reading proficiency scores 16 and 13 points (respectively) below the average for comparable White students. Reading and spelling performance data for 5th-8th graders at a suburban school show that in 1988, AAs were near or above the national norm in spelling but were clearly below the national norm in reading comprehension. Data on AAs' performance in southern...

  • An Analysis of the Performance Gap Between American Indian and Anglo Students in the New York State Fourth and Eighth Grade Mathematics Assessments

    1/1/05 - Marchand, Richard, Pickreign, Jamar, Howard, Keary

    This study explores differences in mathematics assessment results between American Indian students in Western New York and their Anglo peers. The sample consisted of 2,256 fourth grade students (Native=323 Anglo=1933) and 2,475 eighth grade students (Native=353 Anglo=2122). Scores from New York State's Fourth and Eighth Grade Math Assessments were examined to identify areas of mathematics that contribute to the gap in performance. Analysis of scores indicated that 58[percent] of Native...

  • An Approach to Eradicating the Achievement Gap: Making Instruction Meaningful

    1/1/08 - Campos, David

    The article discusses how lessons taught to white and Asian students may eliminate the achievement gap. According to the author, social factors affect children of color including African American and Latino school children making them not as proficient as their white and Asian-American counterparts. An overview of the lesson plan reflecting questions on the students' personal experience that relate to social, political, and economic conditions is offered. The author suggests that teachers...

  • Analyzing the Minority Gap in Achievement Scores: Issues for States and Federal Government

    1/1/03 - Miller, G. Edward

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires that states demonstrate a reduction in the test score minority gap over time but does not specify what methodology states must use to demonstrate this. The Act also requires that a measure of Adequate Yearly Progress be established by each state expressed in terms of the percent of students who achieve a level of "proficiency" on the state examination. While the most common methods used by states for analyzing the minority gap in test scores over...

  • Caring Closes the Language-Learning Gap

    1/1/09 - Borba, Mary

    The article discusses how relationships between schools and families of English language learners (ELLs) can affect academic achievement and parental participation in education. The author notes achievement gaps between ELLs and English speakers and discusses how parental involvement in education improves achievement. She recommends the use of bilingual personnel and translation of school documents to improve conditions for parents of ELLs and suggests that parent education programs offering...

  • Climbing the ladder of reading proficiency

    1/1/12 - The Dunbar Learning Complex

    The Dunbar Learning Complex is part of a comprehensive community change effort underway in Atlanta’s Neighborhood Planning Unit V with support from the Annie E. Casey Foundation- Atlanta Civic Site. Since 2001, Casey has utilized research and data-informed best practices to improve outcomes for vulnerable children and families in this area by focusing on three interconnected results: Education Achievement, Family Economic Success, and Neighborhood Transformation

  • Do national and state assessments converge for educational accountability? A meta-analytic synthesis of multiple measures in Maine and Kentucky

    1/1/07 - Lee, Jaekyung

    Given the policy imperative of using multiple measures for state education accountability under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), this study examines similarities and discrepancies between the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and the states' own math assessment results in Kentucky and Maine, with a focus on 3 major academic performance indicators: proficiency level, achievement gap, and achievement gain. Using meta-analytic techniques, the study synthesizes multiple...

  • Double Jeopardy: How third-grade reading skills and povery influence high school graduation

    1/1/12 - Hernandez, D.J.,

    Educators and researchers have long recognized the importance of mastering reading by the end of third grade. Students who fail to reach this critical milestone often falter in the later grades and drop out before earning a high school diploma. Now, researchers have confirmed this link in the first national study to calculate high school graduation rates for children at different reading skill levels and with different poverty rates. Results of a longitudinal study of nearly 4,000 students...

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