Categories

Tag: poverty

  • Schools, Poverty, and the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Levin, B. E. N.

    The article discusses a conference that was held in June 2007 in Norway to discuss equity in educational opportunities and thereby close the achievement gap. In the U.S. is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), which is designed to increase student achievement and in Europe is the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which is meant to accomplish the same. It is noted that socioeconomic conditions are the most influential force influencing individual student achievement...

  • Self-regulation and the income-achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Evans, Gary W., Rosenbaum, Jennifer

    Abstract: The pervasive income-related achievement gap among children has been partially explained by parental investments. Wealthier parents provide more cognitively enriched environments (e.g., books, informal learning opportunities such as music lessons) and converse more with their children relative to low-income parents. However parental investment only partially accounts for the income-achievement gap. On average, low-income children have more difficulty regulating their emotions and...

  • The contextual effects of socioeconomic status on student achievement test scores by race

    1/1/01 - Willie, Charles Vert

    A study examined the contextual impact of socioeconomic status on student achievement test scores by race. Data were obtained from black and white students in public elementary and middle schools in Charleston County, South Carolina, who performed above the national norm on the Metropolitan Achievement Test (MAT). Results revealed that, for both black and white students, the lowest proportion of students scoring above the national norm on the MAT was found in poverty-concentrated schools and...

  • The contributions of poverty and ethnic background to the participation of secondary school students in special education.

    1/1/95 - Wagner, M.
  • The Impact of Neighborhood Disadvantage on the Black-White Achievement Gap

    1/1/09 - Lee, Moosung, Madyun, Na'im

    Contextual analysis of the achievement gap has gained much momentum within the last few decades. This study furthers the discourse by examining the applicability of 2 sociological contextual development approaches on achievement. We analyzed 79 neighborhoods organized by the level of crime and poverty from both a social disorganization and social mobilization perspective. We found that the social mobilization perspective was more consistent with the experiences of Black students, whereas...

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    The Impact of School Closures on Homeless Students in New York City

    1/19/10 - Institute for Children, Poverty & Homelessness

    Closing “poorly-performing schools” and opening small schools from which families can choose is not new educational policy for New York City; however its impact on all students has not been thoroughly evaluated. It is therefore imperative that we review the effects of these policy developments on high-needs students, specifically the most overlooked—students experiencing homelessness. For the rising number of students who are already housing displaced, becoming educationally displaced...

  • The Pedagogy of Poverty

    1/1/05

    The article presents the editor's introduction to the December 2005 edition of "Phi Delta Kappan." The author introduces an article on segregation in the American school system by Jonathan Kozol. An article on the issue of discrimination in schooling from the September 1990 issue is reviewed. According to the author, the racial achievement gap in America has not disappeared.

  • The Public Assault on America's Children: Poverty Violence and Juvenile Injustice

    1/1/00 - Polakow, Valerie, Ayers, William
  • The transformative potential of teacher care as described by students in a higher education access initiative

    1/1/08 - Foster, Karen C.

    The "attitude-achievement gap" characterizing economically disadvantaged students of color is reexamined in a study of student perceptions of a higher education access program. Their descriptions of past and present experiences of teachers are contextualized in research citing the impact of stress, social stigma, and teacher misperceptions on economically disadvantaged students' capacity to engage with school. The contrast of their descriptions underscores the pivotal role that teachers play...

  • Why the gap between Black and White performance in school? (Testimony of David James Armor, March 5, 6 & 22, 1996)

    1/1/97 - Armor, David James

    Excerpts and discusses testimony of D. J. Armor, a witness for Missouri in the areas of school desegregation plans and techniques, survey techniques, race relations and attitudes, allocation of resources, statistical analysis, and the relationship between school desegregation and achievement. Armor's responses to an attorney for the state (whose objective was to prove that no segregation remained in any of the state's school systems) are included for testimony about the race and...

  • Why the gap between Black and White performance in school?: A report on the effects of race on student achievement in the St. Louis public schools

    1/1/97 - Trent, William T.

    Presents the report submitted to the court during the 1996 Liddell hearings, which is divided into 2 parts and revised to incorporate points raised during W. T. Trent's testimony on March 19, 1996. Part 1 analyzes the effects of race on student achievement and is based on data supplied by the St. Louis Public School District, cohort files covering 4 cohorts of students, and call-in enrollment data files. Data for the effects of race, student background, prior test scores, school...

  • Why the gap between black and white performance in school?: a report on the effects of race on student achievement in the St. Louis public schools

    1/1/97 - Trent, William T.

    Part of a special issue on the St. Louis example of the role of social science in school desegregation efforts. In a report submitted to the district court in the 1996 Liddell hearings, the writer discusses the effects of race on student achievement in St. Louis public schools. In the St. Louis school district, black students perform less well on the Stanford Achievement Test in both reading and mathematics than their white peers. This race effect persists even when control measures such as...

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    Working Dads: Final Report of the Fathers at Work Initiative

    1/23/09 - Shayne Spaulding, Jean Baldwin Grossman, Dee Wallace

    "During the past several decades, many efforts have focused on the crisis that lies at the intersection of proliferating single-parent households, absent fathers and poverty. In 2001, the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation launched Fathers at Work to test approaches for helping young low-income noncustodial fathers provide for themselves and their children; the project was designed to inform practitioners and policymakers about effective interventions for this population. Six community-based...

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