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Tag: paper

  • The Academic Achievement Gap Between Blacks and Whites: The Latest Version of Blaming the Victim?

    1/1/04 - Horton, Arthur

    This paper considers the academic achievement gap between African American and White students at the elementary and high school levels. It attempts to determine if race or lower socioeconomic status impact results of standardized test results at high performing and low performing schools. It presents research involving regression analysis of data for the state of Illinois. Results indicate race is not a negative factor at high performing or low performing schools for both elementary or high...

  • The Clouded Crystal Ball: Trends in Educational Stratification

    1/1/01 - Alexander, Karl L.

    This paper presents the author's opinion on articles about educational stratification and inequalities in the 2001 issue of Sociology of Education. Things look the way they do in the U.S. owing to a school-quality floor that comes with a high standard of living. Different systems of certification involving examinations and licensing are embedded in different systems of schooling and must be understood by means of conceptualizations that respect the systemic context. But to claim that the...

  • The Condition of Urban School Finance: Efficient Resource Allocation in Urban Schools (Selected Papers in School Finance)

    1/1/96 - Ballou, D.
  • The gender gap and discriminating power in the national curriculum key stage three science assessments in England and Wales

    1/1/99 - Preece, Peter F. W., Skinner, Nigel, Riall, Robin A. H.

    A study examined gender differences in science achievement. Data were obtained from students in year 9 who were taking the national key stage 3 science tests in England and Wales. The results revealed that the most pronounced gender differences, which were in favor of boys, occurred in the higher level papers taken by more able students; that the largest gaps occurred at this level in physics questions; and that the more discriminating questions tended to exhibit larger gender gaps in favor...

  • The Mathematics and Science Achievement Gap Between Resegregated and Desegregated Schools

    1/1/03 - Ikpa, V. W.

    During the 1990s many school districts abandoned school desegregation initiatives and quietly resegregated the public schools. In 1986, the city of Norfolk ended mandated busing for desegregation and returned to neighborhood schools. This shift resulted in the creation of 11 schools that were more than 95 percent African American. After 17 years of resegregation, the achievement gap between resegregated schools and desegregated schools continues to exist. The purpose of this paper is to...

  • The power of organizational setting (paper adapted from final report, School success and staff development) .

    1/1/81 - Little, J.
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    Treating different teachers differently

    1/30/10 - Chait, Robin, Miller, Raegen

    "The paper tackles what we are calling “infrastructure” or the foundation needed for states to use information about teachers,3 such as robust data systems, professional standards for teaching, and rigorous evaluation systems. It then describes how states might better coordinate their policies on evaluation, tenure, and licensure. Finally, it outlines strategies for leveraging the expertise of highly effective teachers, working proactively with moderate performers to improve their...

  • Uncertainty and decision making in teaching: Implications for managing line professionals

    1/1/89 - Bacharach, S., Conley, S., T. J. Sergiovanni and J. H. Moore

    Most of this book's 22 chapters were written as background papers that were presented at a national conference on restructuring schooling held at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas, August 18-21, 1987. Framing the chapters of this book is the notion that if rational management systems and theoretical treatises about promoting school excellence do not take into account the realities of the workplace, they will not bring about sustained improvements in our nation's schools. Chapters in...

  • Why Black girls don't matter: Exploring how race and gender shape academic success in an inner city school

    1/1/07 - Rollock, Nicola

    The continued low academic attainment of Black pupils is now a well-established, familiar feature of the annual statistics of educational attainment. Black pupils tend to consistently perform below their white counterparts and below the national average. Key debates, examining how to address the difference in attainment gap, have tended to focus almost exclusively on the achievements of Black male pupils with little explicit attention paid to the needs and experiences of their female...

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    Why program quality matters for early childhood inclusion: recommendations for professional development

    1/3/09 - National Professional Development Center on Inclusion,

    Paper addresses the following: (1) recognized components of global program quality and the quality improvement movement; (2) the need for additional dimensions of program quality to define high quality inclusion, given the growing number of inclusive early childhood programs that serve young children with disabilities and their families (3) recommendations for infusing content on inclusive program quality in professional development using the <span class='abstract_italic'>who</span>, the...

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