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Tag: longitudinal

  • Family involvement in school and low-income children's literacy: Longitudinal associations between and within families

    1/1/06 - Dearing, Eric, Kreider, Holly, Simpkins, Sandra, Weiss, Heather B.

    Longitudinal data from kindergarten to 5th grade on both family involvement in school and children's literacy performance were examined for an ethnically diverse, low-income sample (N = 281). Within families, increased school involvement predicted improved child literacy. In addition, although there was an achievement gap in average literacy performance between children of more and less educated mothers if family involvement levels were low, this gap was nonexistent if family involvement...

  • From the ghetto to the ivory tower: Gendered effects of segregation on elite-college completion

    1/1/07 - Ehrmann, Nicholas

    Objectives: To explore the continuing consequences of segregation for students in elite colleges and test whether male and female students experience the effects of segregation in different ways. Methods: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen (NLSF, 1999-2003) are used to predict the odds of elite-college graduation separately by gender. Theories on childhood gender socialization are addressed using OLS and logistic regression models to test for gendered pathways through...

  • Gap or Gaps: Challenging the Singular Definition of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Carpenter Ii, Dick M., Ramirez, Al, Severn, Laura

    For decades, researchers examined the ‘achievement gap’ between minority and nonminority students. This singular definition of achievement gap ignores important within-group differences. This article uses National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) data to examine within-group differences and compares those across Latino, African American, and White populations. Results question the singular definition of achievement gap. Given the importance of how issues are defined, a singular...

  • Gap or Gaps: Challenging the Singular Definition of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Carpenter, Dick M., II, Ramirez, Al, Severn, Laura

    Analyzing data on 15,618 12th-grade students from the National Education Longitudinal Study, a study examined within-group differences in achievement across Latino, Caucasian, and African-American student populations. Findings revealed multiple achievement gaps within and between ethnic groups, with similar variables contributing to within-group achievement gaps across all three groups. Ethnicity did not alter the importance of certain variables in academic achievement, variables such as...

  • Gender gap linked to differential socialization for high-achieving senior mathematics students

    1/1/98 - Campbell, James R., Beaudry, Jeffrey S.

    Gender equity, especially in technical areas involving mathematics, is the focus of much current research. There are three explanations offered for gender inequities: biological causes, greater variability among male students, and cultural causes. High-achieving 11th-grade mathematics students (330 boys, 213 girls) who participated in the Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSAY) were studied. Campbell's differential socialization paradigm was used as a theoretical framework. The results...

  • Immigration from Mexico into the Math/Science Pipeline in American Education

    1/1/04 - Crosnoe, Robert, Lopez-Gonzalez, Lorena, Muller, Chandra

    The purpose of this study was to explore generational differences in math/science enrollment and achievement among Mexican-American students and the role of family and school contexts in these differences.We applied survey regression techniques to data from 12,020 adolescents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.Native-born Mexican-American students had lower math/science enrollment than their peers, especially after differences in family and school contexts were taken...

  • Impact of attitudes of peers on language achievement: Gender differences

    1/1/07 - Van de Gaer, Eva, Pustjens, Heidi, Van Damme, Jan, De Munter, Agnes

    The authors examined whether gender differences in language achievement were related not only to gender differences in attitudes toward schooling but also to the attitudes toward schooling of peers (i.e., peers in classes and in schools). The authors used multilevel analysis on data compiled from a longitudinal research project in secondary education. The primary results revealed that all boys who had negative school-related attitudes were underachievers in language. Furthermore, boys were...

  • Inequality in Preschool Education and School Readiness

    1/1/04 - Magnuson, Katherine A., Meyers, Marcia K., Ruhm, Christopher J., Waldfogel, Jane

    Attendance in U.S. preschools has risen substantially in recent decades, but gaps in enrollment between children from advantaged and disadvantaged families remain. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, we analyze the effect of participation in child care and early education on children's school readiness as measured by early reading and math skills in kindergarten and first grade. We find that children who attended a center or school-based...

  • Longitudinal post school outcomes of youth with disabilities: Findings from the national longitudinal transition study.

    1/1/96 - Blackorby, J., & Wagner, M.
  • Parent educational investment and children’s general knowledge development

    1/1/09 - Cheadle, Jacob E.

    Drawing on longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999, this study used IRT modeling to operationalize a parental educational investment measure based upon Lareau’s notion of ‘concerted cultivation.’ The analysis used multilevel piecewise growth models regressing children’s general knowledge achievement from kindergarten through the first grade on a measure of concerted cultivation and indicators of the...

  • Pathways to teacher learning in multicultural contexts: A longitudinal case study of two novice bilingual teachers in urban schools.

    1/1/98 - Artiles, A., Barreto, R. M., Pena, L., & McClafferty, K.
  • Preschool Antecedents of Mathematics Achievement of Latinos: The Influence of Family Resources, Early Literacy Experiences, and Preschool Attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

  • Preschool antecedents of mathematics achievement of Latinos: The influence of family resources, early literacy experiences, and preschool attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen, Reese, Leslie

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

  • Race, cultural capital and educational resources: Persistent inequalities and achievement returns

    1/1/99 - Roscigno, Vincent J., Ainsworth-Darnell, James W.

    Examined the extent to which Black and White students differ in cultural capital and household educational resources, the mediating role these attributes may play between family background and racial disparities in academic achievement, and whether educational returns vary by racial group. Data were obtained from the National Education Longitudinal Survey (1990) of 16,189 10th graders (83.6% White, 16.4% Black). The findings of a statistical analysis show that significant racial variations...

  • Racial and gender science achievement gaps in secondary education

    1/1/03 - Bacharach, Verne R., Baumeister, Alfred A., Furr, R. Michael

    A substantial disparity exists for academic achievement in science between Black and White primary-school children. A similar gap exists between boys and girls. The extent to which secondary education influences these achievement gaps has not been established. The authors report analyses showing how these science achievement gaps change as a function of secondary education. Analyses of data from a large, nationally representative longitudinal study of academic achievement showed that racial...

  • School readiness of children of immigrants: Does parental involvement play a role?

    1/1/08 - Lahaie, Claudia

    Objectives: Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey—Kindergarten Cohort, this article analyzes the link between parental involvement and the school readiness of children of immigrants. Methods: Multivariate regression models estimate the association between parental involvement and the school readiness in English proficiency and math scores of children of immigrants. They also estimate the impact of this association on the gap in math scores between children of...

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