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Tag: kindergarten

  • Do Small Classes Reduce the Achievement Gap between Low and High Achievers? Evidence from Project STAR

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Given that previous findings on the social distribution of the effects of small classes have been mixed and inconclusive, in the present study I attempted to shed light on the mechanism through which small classes affect the achievement of low- and high-achieving students. I used data from a 4-year, large-scale, randomized experiment (project STAR) to examine the effects of small classes on the achievement gap. The sample consisted of nearly 11,000 elementary school students who participated...

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    Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) Preschool--Kindergarten 2007 Psychometric Report

    1/23/10 - Michelle Najarian, Kyle Snow, Jean Lennon, Susan Kinsey, Gail Mulligan

    "This methodology report documents the design, development, and psychometric characteristics of the assessment instruments used in the preschool and kindergarten waves of the ECLS-B. The assessment instruments measure children's cognitive development in early reading and mathematics, socioemotional functioning, fine and gross motor skills, and physical development (height, weight, middle upper arm circumference, and head circumference). The report also includes information about indirect...

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    Early Success: Closing the Achievement Gap for Our Youngest Learners

    1/5/09 - Jerry D. Weast

    The district faced an indisputable fact: increasing numbers of young children impacted by poverty and language difference were starting school lagging behind their peers in basic literacy and mathematics skills, and they often remained behind. If children were not meeting certain benchmarks by the end of first grade, there was little likelihood that they would be able to read fl uently by third grade, an important indicator of academic success in the later years.5 So, the work began in the...

  • Educational investment, family context, and children's math and reading growth from kindergarten through the third grade

    1/1/08 - Cheadle, Jacob E.

    Drawing on longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, this study used IRT modeling to operationalize a measure of parental educational investments based on Lareau's notion of concerted cultivation. It used multilevel piecewise growth models regressing children's math and reading achievement from entry into kindergarten through the third grade on concerted cultivation and family context variables. The results indicate that educational...

  • Evidence of a differential effect of ability grouping on the reading achievement growth of language-minority Hispanics

    1/1/08 - Robinson, Joseph P.

    Ability grouping is sometimes thought to exacerbate inequality by increasing achievement gaps; however, ability grouping may in fact benefit a fast growing and often marginalized student population: children from non-English-speaking home environments. The level-appropriate, small-group instruction received in reading ability groups may be particularly beneficial to these language-minority children, who are not regularly exposed to English at home. Focusing on Hispanics, who make up the...

  • Family involvement in school and low-income children's literacy: Longitudinal associations between and within families

    1/1/06 - Dearing, Eric, Kreider, Holly, Simpkins, Sandra, Weiss, Heather B.

    Longitudinal data from kindergarten to 5th grade on both family involvement in school and children's literacy performance were examined for an ethnically diverse, low-income sample (N = 281). Within families, increased school involvement predicted improved child literacy. In addition, although there was an achievement gap in average literacy performance between children of more and less educated mothers if family involvement levels were low, this gap was nonexistent if family involvement...

  • Help Close the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Peebles-Wilkins, Wilma

    Haskins and Rouse (2005) propose high-quality educational interventions that target both the parent and the child. There is an emphasis on collaborating with parents to the maximum degree possible. The authors review a number of highly successful early intervention programs with different approaches and acknowledge that several programs that focus solely on the children also yield successful outcomes. In addition to the more traditional educational interventions, the authors recommend...

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    Improving Reading Comprehension in Kindergarten Through 3rd Grade

    1/28/11 - Shanahan, T., Callison, K., Carriere, C., Duke, N. K., Pearson, P. D., Schatschneider, C., &, Torgesen, J.

    The fundamental assumption in this guide is that the objective of reading instruction is to give young readers the tools they need to understand increasingly sophisticated material in all subjects from elementary through later years of school. The practices recommended in this guide are therefore not an end in themselves, but the means to developing sound ability in reading comprehension. With this principle in mind, teachers should prepare their reading lessons in a way that encourages...

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    Learning how much quality is necessary to get to good results in children

    1/9/10 - National Center for Research on Early Childhood Education,

    "How good does an early childhood program have to be in order to achieve school readiness outcomes for children? This is known as the “threshold question,” and policy makers and others have wanted an answer to this question since the onset of public investments in early care and education (ECE) programs. With expansion of Head Start and pre-kindergarten programs for three- and four-year-old children, this question is getting even more attention."

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    Let's Try: Kindergarten Books

    1/14/10 - Ferguson, Dianne

    Welcome books have pictures of the principal, secretaries, Kindergarten teachers, lunchroom manager, librarian and janitors – everyone that a new student needs to get to know. Under each picture, the duties or responsibilities of each person are listed, and how their duties relate to the child. The book can include whatever will help the student familiarize themselves with the new school. It could include maps of the school or community, description of special school events or routines...

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    Miles to go Mississippi

    1/2/10 - Southern Education Foundation,

    "Mississippi is the only Southern state that has no statesupported pre-kindergarten (Pre-K) program. This brief reviews how Mississippi is falling behind other states in the Deep South in early childhood education; why Mississippi needs a Pre-K program now; options for how the state can finance such a program; and current opportunities (even in economic hard times) for Mississippi to begin to build on existing assets to establish a Pre-K program for the benefit of all Mississippians in the...

  • Narrowing the Gap: Effects of a Two-Way Bilingual Education Program on the Literacy Development of At-Risk Primary Students

    1/1/04 - López, Maria G., Tashakkori, Abbas

    Children with limited English proficiency are known to be at higher risk of school failure than their peers. Risk starts early, and the achievement lag of these children often widens with age and progression in the educational system. This study attempted to determine the effects of a 2-way bilingual education program on the literacy development of at-risk kindergarten students who had lower English proficiency and were in a higher failure risk bracket than a comparison group who had higher...

  • On the path to school Readiness: Key Questions to consider before Establishing Universal Pre-Kindergarten

    1/1/04 - Ann Segal and Charles Bruner

    This resource brief follows a question-and- answer format to discuss key issues that policy makers and advocates need to consider when designing and promoting universal pre-kindergarten initiatives.

  • Parent educational investment and children’s general knowledge development

    1/1/09 - Cheadle, Jacob E.

    Drawing on longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999, this study used IRT modeling to operationalize a parental educational investment measure based upon Lareau’s notion of ‘concerted cultivation.’ The analysis used multilevel piecewise growth models regressing children’s general knowledge achievement from kindergarten through the first grade on a measure of concerted cultivation and indicators of the...

  • Preschool Antecedents of Mathematics Achievement of Latinos: The Influence of Family Resources, Early Literacy Experiences, and Preschool Attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

  • Preschool antecedents of mathematics achievement of Latinos: The influence of family resources, early literacy experiences, and preschool attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen, Reese, Leslie

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

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