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    Professional Learning Communities: A Promising Practice for Integrating Novice Special Education Teachers into the School Culture

    1/1/10 - Pugach, M. C., Blanton, L. P., Correa, V. I., McLeskey, J., & Langley, L. K.

    Collaboration among novice special education teachers and their general education colleagues can bolster the impact of induction programs for all novice teachers, including special education teachers. Strong, supportive collaborative structures also can influence novice special education teacher retention. A Professional Learning Community—the topic of this Brief—is a promising collaborative structure for engaging these novice teachers in the professional school culture.

  • Racial and gender science achievement gaps in secondary education

    1/1/03 - Bacharach, Verne R., Baumeister, Alfred A., Furr, R. Michael

    A substantial disparity exists for academic achievement in science between Black and White primary-school children. A similar gap exists between boys and girls. The extent to which secondary education influences these achievement gaps has not been established. The authors report analyses showing how these science achievement gaps change as a function of secondary education. Analyses of data from a large, nationally representative longitudinal study of academic achievement showed that racial...

  • Reclaiming Urban Education

    1/1/01 - Fruchter, Norm

    Focuses on the differences in perception of the deterioration of public education in the United States. Evidence of widespread discontent with urban education; Influence of the publication of the report 'A Nation at Risk' on American education; Status of New York's public education.

  • Relative importance of social deprivation, intelligence, punctuality, and ethnicity in predicting educational achievement

    1/1/86 - Singh, Shailendra, Sinha, Arvind K.

    Studied the relative influence of social deprivation, intelligence, punctuality, and caste on academic achievement of 150 male Indian 8th graders from scheduled and nonscheduled castes. All variables were significantly and positively correlated among themselves. Social advantage was related to achievement directly, as well as through its association with intelligence. Social deprivation was a more potent predictor of achievement, punctuality, and intelligence than was ethnicity (caste...

  • Schools, achievement, and inequality: a seasonal perspective

    1/1/01 - Alexander, Karl L., Entwisle, Doris R., Olson, Linda S.

    Are there socioeconomic differences in the seasonality of children's learning over the school year and summer months? The achievement gap across social lines increases during the primary grades, as much research indicates, but descriptive analyses and HLM within-person growth models for a representative panel of Baltimore school children demonstrate that the increase can be traced mainly to the out-of-school environment (i.e., influences situated in home and community). School-year verbal...

  • Schools, Poverty, and the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Levin, B. E. N.

    The article discusses a conference that was held in June 2007 in Norway to discuss equity in educational opportunities and thereby close the achievement gap. In the U.S. is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), which is designed to increase student achievement and in Europe is the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which is meant to accomplish the same. It is noted that socioeconomic conditions are the most influential force influencing individual student achievement...

  • Science for All

    1/1/08 - Metz, Steve

    The author discusses the achievement gap in science education. He notes that the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) indicated a high number of U.S. students who scored poorly on science literacy and that the score represented the influence of socioeconomic factors. He suggests that education was not been an important factor in the 2008 U.S. presidential election.

  • Social-Emotional Factors Affecting Achievement Outcomes Among Disadvantaged Students: Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/02 - Becker, Bronwyn E., Luthar, Suniya S.

    Despite concentrated efforts at improving inferior academic outcomes among disadvantaged students, a substantial achievement gap between the test scores of these students and others remains (Jencks & Phillips, 1998; National Center for Education Statistics, 2000a, 2000b; Valencia & Suzuki, 2000). Existing research used ecological models to document social-emotional factors at multiple levels of influence that undermine academic performance. This article integrates ideas from various...

  • Social-emotional factors affecting achivement outcomes among disadvantaged students: Closing the achivement gap

    1/1/02 - Becker, Bronwyn E., Luthar, Suniya S.

    Despite concentrated efforts at improving inferior academic outcomes among disadvantaged students, a substantial achievement gap between the test scores of these students and others remains. Existing research used ecological models to document social-emotional factors at multiple levels of influence that undermine academic performance. This article integrates ideas from various perspectives in a comprehensive and interdisciplinary model that will inform policy makers, administrators, and...

  • Testing conditions influence the race gap in cognition and achievement estimated by household survey data

    1/1/03 - Kim, Hyoshin, Baydar, Nazli, Greek, April

    The present study investigates the hypothesis that the race gap estimated using achievement test scores administered during household surveys may partly be accounted for by measurable testing conditions such as interviewer characteristics, interviewer-child interactions, and the testing environment in the home. Using the child assessments of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) in 1992, the findings clearly indicate that the factors related to testing conditions in the home have...

  • The Effects of School Racial and Ethnic Composition on Academic Achievement During Adolescence

    1/1/07 - Lee, Hedwig

    This research examines the effects of school racial and ethnic composition on students' academic achievement in the U.S. using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and hierarchical linear models. This analysis includes Hispanics, which stands apart from other research in this area that has traditionally focused on only Black and White student racial composition. In addition, peer group influences are measured by utilizing the comprehensive peer network data available for all...

  • The Gender Gap in Science Education

    1/1/03 - Alexakos, Konstantinos, Antoine, Wladina

    The writers outline strategies that aim to encourage female students to participate in science. Those involved in science must actively encourage young women's participation and higher cognitive development through constructive inclusive learning environments while promoting positive self-efficacy. This encouragement must start at the earliest grades because female students' decision to major in science for their postsecondary education is influenced by their experience many years before.

  • The Historiography of Gender and Progressive Education in the United States

    1/1/06 - Weiler, Kathleen

    This article examines the feminist historiography of the progressive education movement over the past 25 years using the Foucauldian conception of genealogy and the theoretical approach of critical feminism. Gender has largely been ignored as a significant category of historical analysis in the historiography of progressive education in the United States. The defining history of progressive education in the United States is still Lawrence Cremin’s 1961 work, The Transformation of the...

  • The impact of the academic achievement gap on the African American family: A social inequality perspective

    1/1/07 - Leach, Monica T., Williams, Sheara A.

    The academic achievement gap impacts the African American family in various ways. It can influence how African American children experience school; and it has implications for their high school dropout and graduation rates, college attendance, and college completion rates. For parents, the academic achievement gap may influence their own socioeconomic status via their educational attainment, which then has direct implications for their children. The purpose of this article is to present a...

  • The Impact of the Academic Achievement Gap on the African American Family: A Social Inequality Perspective

    1/1/07 - Leach, Monica T., Williams, Sheara A.

    The academic achievement gap impacts the African American family in various ways. It can influence how African American children experience school; and it has implications for their high school dropout and graduation rates, college attendance, and college completion rates. For parents, the academic achievement gap may influence their own socioeconomic status via their educational attainment, which then has direct implications for their children. The purpose of this article is to present a...

  • The Importance of Physical Activity in Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Burton, Laura J., VanHeest, Jaci L.

    The most significant concern within the US educational community is the academic achievement gap. Investigation of the achievement gap reveals that minority students across all levels of education are not meeting the same academic measures as their non-Hispanic White peers. In addition, a disproportionate number of minority children are identified as overweight. Physical activity has been identified as an influence on the reduction and prevention of overweight and obesity. In addition...

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