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Tag: identity

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    Understanding Culture

    1/10/09 - Shelley Zion, Elizabeth Kozleski, Equity Alliance at ASU

    This OnPoint is the first in a series of three OnPoints that explore issues around culture and teaching. This OnPoint describes the way in which NIUSI defines culture and how to think about educational settings and scenarios from the point of view of culture. The second OnPoint in this series focuses on teacher’s identity. The third OnPoint addresses how classrooms are enriched by the funds of knowledge and assets that children and their families bring with them from their homes and...

  • Burden of acting neither White nor Black: Asian American identities and achievement in urban schools

    1/1/06 - Lew, Jamie

    Ogbu's theory of "burden of acting white" has been one of the most frequently cited studies to explain black and white achievement gap. However, emerging studies have argued that Ogbu's theory may be limited when examining variability of school achievement among black and white students. Research shows that in addition to culture, other social forces, such as class, peer networks, and school context may play a significant role when accounting for minority students' academic aspirations and...

  • Identity, Belonging, and Achievement: A Model, Interventions, Implications

    1/1/08 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio

    In this article we discuss how social or group identities affect achievement. We also present a model of identity engagement that describes how a salient social identity can trigger psychological threat and belonging concerns and how these can produce persistent performance decrements, which through feedback loops can increase over time. The character of such processes may be revealed only over time because they are recursive in nature and interact with other factors in chronically...

  • The transformative potential of teacher care as described by students in a higher education access initiative

    1/1/08 - Foster, Karen C.

    The "attitude-achievement gap" characterizing economically disadvantaged students of color is reexamined in a study of student perceptions of a higher education access program. Their descriptions of past and present experiences of teachers are contextualized in research citing the impact of stress, social stigma, and teacher misperceptions on economically disadvantaged students' capacity to engage with school. The contrast of their descriptions underscores the pivotal role that teachers play...

  • Untitled Record

    1/1/03 - Nerad, Julie Cary

    Discusses the calcification of race system into a visual epistemology of racial difference based largely on skin color in the U.S. Incapability of racial identity to reduce the cultural and psychological significance of race; Justification of systemic inequity and violence; Sense of identity based on family, wealth, education and others.

  • An Early Gap in Black-White Mathematics Achievement: Holding School and Home Accountable in an Affluent City School District

    1/1/03 - Hughes, Sherick A.

    This article uses descriptive statistics and regression modeling to test effects of ethnicity and socioeconomic status on third-graders. Results implicate ethnicity and socioeconomic status as a significant influence on third-graders' mathematics scores. Findings suggest that strong social forces sustain the Black-White mathematics achievement gap even when affluent school resources are available. Results also suggest a need for the observed affluent districts and Black families in them to...

  • An Exploration of the Relationship Between Ethnicity, Attention Problems, and Academic Achievement

    1/1/04 - Rabiner, David L., Murray, Desiree W., Schmid, Lorrie, Malone, Patrick S.

    There has been longstanding concern about achievement differences across ethnic groups. Inattention is a significant factor associated with underachievement, and higher ratings of inattention have been found for some minority groups. The present study examined the relationship between inattention and achievement across Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic first graders. Thirty-three teachers rated over 600 students on their academic achievement, inattentive classroom behavior...

  • Back to school guide for creating LGBT inclusive environments

    GLSEN

    While preparing for the school year, keep in mind that there are simple things you can do to ensure that your  classroom or school is a safe and inclusive space for all students, regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity  or gender expression.  Here are some easy steps you can take.  Follow the links in each step to gather more  information

  • Between Two Worlds: How Young Latinos Come of Age in America

    1/1/09 - Pew Hispanic Center Staff

    A Pew Hispanic Center report based on a new nationwide survey of Latino youths and on analyses of government data examines the values, attitudes, experiences and self-identity of this generation as it comes of age in America.

  • Bridging the Gaps in Perspectives on Equity in Mathematics Education

    1/1/08 - Luienski, Sarah Theule, Guiterrez, Rochelle

    In this rejoinder, the authors further detail their positions on the role of gaps analyses in mathematics education research as outlined in the previous 2 articles. They clarify areas of agreement and probe areas of disagreement, focusing on the benefits and dangers they see in either emphasizing educational disparities between groups or shifting the focus to the advancement of particular groups. The authors discuss ways in which their backgrounds have shaped their differences in...

  • Closing Achievement Gaps: Roles and Tasks of Elementary School Counselors

    1/1/08 - Trusty, Jerry, Mellin, Elizabeth A., Herbert, James T.

    Achievement gaps among racial-ethnic and socioeconomic status groups are an enduring, pervasive, and multifaceted phenomenon. Therefore, efforts aimed at understanding and addressing these gaps must be developmentally and environmentally broad, involving numerous school counselor roles and tasks, including leadership, advocacy, collaboration, and strategic interventions. In this article, we first document achievement gap trends and then provide a framework for understanding and sequencing...

  • Coincidence or conspiracy? Whiteness, policy and the persistence of the Black/White achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gillborn, David

    Adopting an approach shaped by critical race theory (CRT) the paper proposes a radical analysis of the nature of race inequality in the English educational system. Focusing on the relative achievements of White school leavers and their Black (African Caribbean) peers, it is argued that long standing Black/White inequalities have been obscured by a disproportionate focus on students in receipt of free school meals (FSMs). Simultaneously the media increasingly present Whites as race victims...

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    Deep dialouges to re-imagine and re-create public education

    1/1/08 - Ron Glass

    It is probably never easy to have a deep conversation with another person; each person’s hopes, fears, anxieties, doubts, dreams, and many other powerful feelings, conscious and unconscious, easily get in the way of honest and full expression. To have a deep conversation with a stranger, or with whole groups of strangers and even an entire community, can seem impossible.To talk openly and honestly about our experiences of schooling is equally challenging. Some of our most significant...

  • Father-absense and scholastic performance in primary school children

    1/1/85 - Vandamme, Thomas H., Schwartz, Steven

    Studied the relationship between father absence and academic achievement in 21 females and 19 males from father-present (FP) homes and 21 females and 19 males from father-absent (FA) homes, all of whom were aged 8–12 yrs and of predominantly lower socioeconomic status (SES). Ss completed a battery of psychometric tests, including the Progressive Matrices, the Stanford Diagnostic Arithmetic Test—Levels I and II (Form W) and the GAP Reading Comprehension Test. Differences between...

  • Gender Non-conformity and School Safety: Documenting the problem and steps schools can take.

    1/1/10 - Russell, S.T., McGuire, J.K., Toomey, R., & Anderson, C.R.

    Students in California report significant harassment at school because they do not conform to gender expectations and stereotypes. Such harassment is reported by many students, and is more often reported by students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT). Gender non-conformity harassment is more common in unsafe school climates – that is, in schools that lack: Clear, inclusive anti-harassment policies, regular teacher intervention when harassment occurs, curriculum attention...

  • Identity and Agency in Cultural Worlds

    1/1/98 - Holland, D., Skinner, D., Lachicotte, W. Jr., & Cain, C.
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