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Tag: higher

  • Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gap

    1/1/08 - McKown, Clark, Weinstein, Rhona S.

    In two independent datasets with 1872 elementary-aged children in 83 classrooms, Studies 1 and 2 examined the role of classroom context in moderating the relationship between child ethnicity and teacher expectations. For Study 1 overall and Study 2 mixed-grade classrooms, in ethnically diverse classrooms where students reported high levels of differential teacher treatment (PDT) towards high and low achieving students, teacher expectations of European American and Asian American students...

  • Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gap

    1/1/08 - McKown, Clark, Weinstein, Rhona S.

    In two independent datasets with 1872 elementary-aged children in 83 classrooms, Studies 1 and 2 examined the role of classroom context in moderating the relationship between child ethnicity and teacher expectations. For Study 1 overall and Study 2 mixed-grade classrooms, in ethnically diverse classrooms where students reported high levels of differential teacher treatment (PDT) towards high and low achieving students, teacher expectations of European American and Asian American students...

  • Teacher expectations, classroom context, and the achievement gap

    1/1/08 - McKown, Clark, Weinstein, Rhona S.

    Abstract: In two independent datasets with 1872 elementary-aged children in 83 classrooms, Studies 1 and 2 examined the role of classroom context in moderating the relationship between child ethnicity and teacher expectations. For Study 1 overall and Study 2 mixed-grade classrooms, in ethnically diverse classrooms where students reported high levels of differential teacher treatment (PDT) towards high and low achieving students, teacher expectations of European American and Asian American...

  • The academic trajectories of children of immigrants and their school environments

    1/1/08 - Han, Wen-Jui

    Data from approximately 14,000 children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey--Kindergarten Cohort were analyzed to examine the associations between children's immigrant status and their academic trajectories from kindergarten to 3rd grade, with particular attention to the effects of school environments. Growth curve modeling results indicated that most children of Latin American origin improved their reading and math scores faster than non-Hispanic White children, thus narrowing their...

  • The Achievement Gap-Do We Need a New Strategy?

    1/1/07 - Kulm, Gerald

    The article presents views and insights of the author concerning the disparity in achievement between white and minority students on major assessment of mathematics learning such as the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in the U.S. The recent NAEP report indicated that overall achievement in mathematics continues to improve at a slow and steady rate. The author also mentions the new reform strategy of providing higher standards and more testing.

  • The Black–White test score gap and early home environment

    1/1/09 - Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean, Pfeiffer, Kathryn M.

    Based on panel data for three age cohorts of children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine how early home environment contributes to black–white achievement gaps at different developmental stages and the extent to which early gaps contribute to later racial achievement gaps. We find large black–white test score differences among children of all ages even before children start formal schooling. Except for the oldest cohort, the gaps for all tests widened when...

  • The black–white test score gap and early home environment

    1/1/09 - Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean, Pfeiffer, Kathryn M.

    Based on panel data for three age cohorts of children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine how early home environment contributes to black¿white achievement gaps at different developmental stages and the extent to which early gaps contribute to later racial achievement gaps. We find large black¿white test score differences among children of all ages even before children start formal schooling. Except for the oldest cohort, the gaps for all tests widened when children¿s...

  • The Educational Status of African American Males in the 21st Century

    1/1/07 - Garibaldi, Antoine M.

    This article assesses the educational attainment of African American males between the 1990s and early 2000s. Beginning with a summary of a 1987-88 study conducted by the author on African American males in the New Orleans Public Schools, national data are provided on the high school graduation rates of African American males and females, as well as trends in their enrollment and degree completion at the undergraduate, graduate and first-professional levels. The data show a growing...

  • The Effort-Outcome Gap: Differences for African American and Hispanic Community College Students in Student Engagement and Academic Achievement

    1/1/08 - Greene, Thomas G., Marti, C. Nathan, McClenney, Kay

    A study examined whether students from various racial and ethnic groups attending two-year colleges differ in the amount of time and energy they devote to educationally effective practices and the extent to which this investment contributes positively to desired outcomes. Findings revealed that African American students reported being more engaged and demonstrated generally lower academic outcomes than their white peers, that Hispanic students exhibited higher levels of engagement only on a...

  • The Essential Work of Democracy

    1/1/04 - Bush, George W.

    Presents the position of U.S. President George W. Bush on education. Reforms sent to the U.S. Congress upon election, titled No Child Left Behind (NCLB); Achievement gaps between white students and minorities; Figures on government funding during the Bush Administration; Need for higher standards, and measurements for improvement; Flexibility of schools to use federal funding; Vital role of parents and teachers; Evidence that NCLB is working; Figures on improvements in schools across the...

  • The gender gap and discriminating power in the national curriculum key stage three science assessments in England and Wales

    1/1/99 - Preece, Peter F. W., Skinner, Nigel, Riall, Robin A. H.

    A study examined gender differences in science achievement. Data were obtained from students in year 9 who were taking the national key stage 3 science tests in England and Wales. The results revealed that the most pronounced gender differences, which were in favor of boys, occurred in the higher level papers taken by more able students; that the largest gaps occurred at this level in physics questions; and that the more discriminating questions tended to exhibit larger gender gaps in favor...

  • The Gender Gap in Science Education

    1/1/03 - Alexakos, Konstantinos, Antoine, Wladina

    The writers outline strategies that aim to encourage female students to participate in science. Those involved in science must actively encourage young women's participation and higher cognitive development through constructive inclusive learning environments while promoting positive self-efficacy. This encouragement must start at the earliest grades because female students' decision to major in science for their postsecondary education is influenced by their experience many years before.

  • The Growing Female Advantage in College Completion: The Role of Family Background and Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Buchmann, Claudia, DiPrete, Thomas A.

    In a few short decades, the gender gap in college completion has reversed from favoring men to favoring women. This study, which is the first to assess broadly the causes of the growing female advantage in college completion, considers the impact of family resources as well as gender differences in academic performance and in the pathways to college completion on the rising gender gap. Analyses of General Social Survey data indicate that the female-favorable trend in college completion...

  • THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL BIASES ON AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDENTS' EDUCATION

    1/1/05 - Baker, Paula Booker

    Education, at all levels, opens routes to achieve higher incomes, status advancement, and upward social mobility. The goal for most families is to present an opportunity for their children to receive a jump on acquiring knowledge to afford this achievement. Schools within our education system declare they offer a quality education for African American students. This concept will be examined along with the research that maintains schooling for African American students is deliberately...

  • The Making of the Principal: Five Lessons in Leadership Training

    1/1/12 - Mitgang, L. , The Wallace Foundation

    States and districts facing pressure to have all children meet high standards have been paying overdue attention to improving school leadership as a way to advance instruction and drive needed changes throughout schools. What will it take to ensure that all public schools have leaders equal to the challenges facing them? That question has placed fresh urgency on addressing the chronic weaknesses of principal training programs, criticized for decades as unselective in their admissions...

  • The Mean Is Not Enough: Using Quantile Regression to Examine Trends in Asian-White Differences Across the Entire Achievement Distribution

    1/1/09 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    A study investigated the achievement gap between Asian American and White students in the lower and upper tails of the academic achievement distribution to clarify whether the achievement gap between the two groups differs by achievement level. Data were obtained from four national probability samples of high school seniors to investigate Asian American-White differences in achievement from 1972 to 1992. Findings revealed that the Asian American-White gap is more evident in mathematics than...

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