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Tag: higher

  • Ethnic and gender differences in mathematics achievement and in dispositions towards the study of mathematics

    1/1/06 - Birenbaum, Menucha, Nasser, Fadia

    The study examined the effects of gender and ethnicity on mathematics achievement on a national test and on dispositions (attitudes, perceived parental expectations, effort, and help) towards the study of mathematics of a representative sample of Jewish and Arab eighth graders in Israel. The results indicated a large ethnic gap in achievement in favor of the Jewish students. Significant gender--ethnicity interactions emerged whereby Arab girls, compared to Arab boys, attempted more items on...

  • Family and Community Engagement Survey

    1/1/02 - Rodriguez, R.G., Villarreal, A., Cortez, J.D.

    Families can have an important, positive impact on the school’s ability to deliver quality edu- cation when they are valued, their contributions are sought and integrated into the school decision making, and collaboratively plan and deliver services aimed at higher student achieve- ment. Families represent a valuable resource that should be factored into the educational equation. A dialogue between families and educators should be established to arrive at a shared accountability approach...

  • Family Education and Community Power: new structures for new visions in the educational village

    1/1/02 - Breitborde, Mary-Lou, Swiniarski, Louise Boyle

    Noting that differences and inequality of education exist in the United States of America, this paper presents two model educational programs that address the iniquities in American public education. The first model is a collaborative effort of a public school in an urban northeast community, the Robert L. Ford Elementary School of Lynn, Massachusetts, USA and a public supported college of higher education, Salem State College, Salem, Massachusetts, USA, whose joint venture is known as The...

  • Family involvement in school and low-income children's literacy: Longitudinal associations between and within families

    1/1/06 - Dearing, Eric, Kreider, Holly, Simpkins, Sandra, Weiss, Heather B.

    Longitudinal data from kindergarten to 5th grade on both family involvement in school and children's literacy performance were examined for an ethnically diverse, low-income sample (N = 281). Within families, increased school involvement predicted improved child literacy. In addition, although there was an achievement gap in average literacy performance between children of more and less educated mothers if family involvement levels were low, this gap was nonexistent if family involvement...

  • Father-absense and scholastic performance in primary school children

    1/1/85 - Vandamme, Thomas H., Schwartz, Steven

    Studied the relationship between father absence and academic achievement in 21 females and 19 males from father-present (FP) homes and 21 females and 19 males from father-absent (FA) homes, all of whom were aged 8–12 yrs and of predominantly lower socioeconomic status (SES). Ss completed a battery of psychometric tests, including the Progressive Matrices, the Stanford Diagnostic Arithmetic Test—Levels I and II (Form W) and the GAP Reading Comprehension Test. Differences between...

  • From the ghetto to the ivory tower: Gendered effects of segregation on elite-college completion

    1/1/07 - Ehrmann, Nicholas

    Objectives: To explore the continuing consequences of segregation for students in elite colleges and test whether male and female students experience the effects of segregation in different ways. Methods: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen (NLSF, 1999-2003) are used to predict the odds of elite-college graduation separately by gender. Theories on childhood gender socialization are addressed using OLS and logistic regression models to test for gendered pathways through...

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    Gaining ground in the middle grades: Why some schools do better

    1/9/10 - Trish Williams, Michael W. Kirst, Edward Haertel, Matthew Rosin, Mary Perry, Ben Webman, Kathy Wilson, Rebecca Payne, Kathryn Morgan Woodward

    "This study contributes to the field by identifying a broad range of traditional and newer middle grade policies and practices, and determining in California which of these differentiate higher- from lower-performing schools serving similar student populations, with performance measured by the state’s standards-based tests."

  • Gender Differences and Similarities in PISA 2003 Mathematics: A Comparison between the United States and Hong Kong

    1/1/09 - Liu, Ou Lydia, Wilson, Mark

    Differential gender performance in standardized mathematics assessment has long been a heated topic. Gender gaps of varied magnitude have been identified on large-scale assessments in the United States. To continue the investigation, this study examined male and female performance on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 mathematics along four in-depth dimensions (strand, content topics, competency cluster, and item format). Furthermore, to identify the shared and...

  • Gender differences in academic achievement and the educational implications

    1/1/00 - Cheng, Gang, Xie, Guiyang

    Part of a special issue on women's education and employment in China. A study investigated gender difference among college students in China. Data were obtained from international research and a survey of three universities in the Wuhan region of China. The results indicate that female students' motivation to study rose significantly because they attributed their success to the positive factor of effort but they still underestimated their own ability, that female students have made some...

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    Health in childhood and adolescence and high school dropout

    1/23/10 - Joshua Breslau

    "There is ample evidence that poor health in childhood and adolescence is associated with higher risk of dropping out of high school. This association is suggestive of a causal effect of health problems on dropout and a potential role for health interventions to reduce the proportion of high school students who drop out. Interventions with such a dual benefit—improving health while decreasing dropout—would be important policy priorities. With the goal of identifying strategic priorities...

  • Hispanic Educational Attainment: The Effects of Family Background and Nativity

    1/1/95 - Wojtkiewicz, Roger A., Donato, Katharine M.

    This article investigates two sources of the difference in educational attainment between Hispanics and non-Hispanics: family background and nativity. Hispanics have fewer of the family background characteristics that lead to higher educational attainment. In addition, Hispanics are much more likely to be foreign born, a characteristic related to lower educational attainment. Authors' study examines the degree to which these differences in family background and nativity explain differences...

  • How Large an Effect Can We Expect from School Reforms?

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros, Hedges, Larry V.

    Background/Context: Determining the effectiveness of reform strategies is a major part of the current and future educational research agenda. Effects of education reforms will be evaluated largely quantitatively, and an important aspect of this work will be judging how well reform strategies work. The rhetoric of contemporary school reform suggests two somewhat different solutions to the problem of the interpretive frame. One solution is derived from the idea that the goal of school reform...

  • Immigration, Language, and Education: How Does Language Policy Structure Opportunity?

    1/1/09 - GÁNdara, Patricia, Rumberger, Russell W.

    Background/Context: According to U.S. Census figures, 11 million elementary and secondary students of immigrant families were enrolled in the public schools in October 2005, representing 20% of all students, and this figure is expected to grow in the coming years. Most of these students enter school as English learners (ELs), and most ELs have exceptionally low performance on measures of academic achievement and attainment. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This article...

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    Inside Charter Schools: Unlocking Doors to Student Success

    1/10/11 - Gross, B.

    The research shows that allowing schools to develop their own mission, granting them freedom over their budgets and personnel, and holding them accountable for performance can have valuable effects in schools and for the educational system more broadly. The freedom given to charter schools can lead to new programs serving diverse needs, to higher expectations for low-income and minority students, to more schoolfocused professional norms for teachers and leaders, and to new ways to hire...

  • Is math achievement a matter of personality type?

    1/1/99 - Gillespie, Bonnie V.

    The study of the relationship between the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Thinking-Feeling (T-F) preference and mathematics achievement scores of 12th graders was prompted by the following factors: (1) male 12th graders have higher achievement test scores in mathematics than females even though females have closed the gender gap in math achievement in the lower grades; (2) gender differences in personality type are found only in the T-F index of the MBTI; and (3) type theory suggests that...

  • LAGGING LITERACY

    1/1/01 - Christie, Kathy

    Focuses on efforts to improve literacy rates in the United States. Results of the National Assessment of Educational Progress report, which indicated an increasing gap between higher and lower scoring students; Mention of statistics regarding international literacy levels; Assertion that the U.S. needs to improve literacy standards, assessment and intervention programs; Example of the Texas Reading Initiative and other research-based programs for teaching reading.

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