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Tag: focuses

  • Tapping Students' Cultural Funds of Knowledge to Address the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Risko, Victoria J., Walker-Dalhouse, Doris

    The article focuses on cultural modeling as a way to design culturally responsive instruction. Cultural modeling is defined as a way of designing instruction to make explicit connections between content and literacy goals and the knowledge and experiences students share with family, community and peers. As a framework for guiding literacy instruction, cultural modeling demonstrates two components of culturally responsive instruction: a respect for differences and the use of these differences...

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    Teaching in Changing Times

    1/3/09 - National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality,

    The final report in this series by the National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality and Public Agenda focuses on the strengths and possible deficits of new teacher training. The research described in this report points to two specific areas in which teacher training may be lacking: preparedness for the diversity of the contemporary American classroom and teaching students with special needs.

  • The achievement gap between science classrooms and historic inequalities

    1/1/08 - Howie, Sarah, Scherman, Vanessa

    Part of a special issue based on the secondary analysis of data from the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) focusing on gaps between subgroups. A study compared classroom conditions, teacher actions, and pupils' achievement in science for well-functioning and provisioned classrooms and not well-functioning and poorly provisioned classrooms in South Africa. The well-functioning and provisioned classrooms predominantly house White teachers and White or mixed classes in urban areas...

  • The Achievement Gap in Social Studies and Science Starts Early

    1/1/06 - Chapin, June R.

    The article focuses on the findings of a longitudinal study which investigated social studies and science education achievement gaps in early childhood. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, fifty-one science and social studies test items were combined into a General Knowledge Test. The test was administered individually to each respondent with no reading required. The analysis of the scores of the General Knowledge Test are discussed. The first years in education are critical for...

  • The Effects of School Racial and Ethnic Composition on Academic Achievement During Adolescence

    1/1/07 - Lee, Hedwig

    This research examines the effects of school racial and ethnic composition on students' academic achievement in the U.S. using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and hierarchical linear models. This analysis includes Hispanics, which stands apart from other research in this area that has traditionally focused on only Black and White student racial composition. In addition, peer group influences are measured by utilizing the comprehensive peer network data available for all...

  • The Historiography of Gender and Progressive Education in the United States

    1/1/06 - Weiler, Kathleen

    This article examines the feminist historiography of the progressive education movement over the past 25 years using the Foucauldian conception of genealogy and the theoretical approach of critical feminism. Gender has largely been ignored as a significant category of historical analysis in the historiography of progressive education in the United States. The defining history of progressive education in the United States is still Lawrence Cremin’s 1961 work, The Transformation of the...

  • The Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in School Accountability Systems.

    1/1/12 - Harr-Robins, J., Song, M., Hurlburt, S., Pruce, C., Danielson, L., Garet, M., and Taylor, J. , U.S. Department of Education

    Executive Summary Study Background and Research Questions Formerly excluded from measures of educational performance, students with disabilities (SWDs) are now explicitly recognized in federal and state accountability systems. At the national level, the 1997 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) laid the foundation for accountability of SWDs by requiring states to include these students in state and district assessments and to report their participation...

  • The No Child Left Behind Act Raises Growing Concerns

    1/1/06 - McReynolds, Kate

    The article focuses on the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of U.S. President George W. Bush on the quality of education in the country. The legislation aims to close the achievement gap the exists in education. It is conceived that NCLB will not achieve its goals. In a survey conducted by the Center on Educational Policy, 71% of the school districts in the country have narrowed their curricula in order to meet government benchmarks in math and reading since the passage of NCLB.

  • THE NOTORIOUS G-A-P

    1/1/00 - Lewis, Anne C.

    Focuses on the academic performance gap between Caucasian and minority students in the United States. How results from standardized testing show that the gap has grown throughout the 1990s; Inability of researchers to fully explain why the gap has grown; Findings which indicate that the widening of the academic gap coincided with the appearance of so-called gangsta rap.

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    The State of Equity in Public Schools Webinar

    1/13/10 - Equity Alliance at ASU,, Kathleen King

    We will start by focusing on understanding the contexts and outcomes of disparities in access and achievement for students in the United States, and then move onto looking at how these contexts play out as de/segregation and equity issues in Arizona, California, and Nevada. Then we’ll move on to and talk about some efforts being made to address these disparities. Finally, we’ll provide some tools and information for schools as they examine their own policies and practices in their...

  • Thinking Carefully About Equity and Accountability

    1/1/00 - Scheurich, James Joseph, Skrla, Linda, Johnson, Joseph F.

    Focuses on education in the United States and how children from low-income families, particularly minority families, do not perform as well as children from middle class families. How standardization efforts have met with criticism and approval in their attempts to decrease the learning gap; Suggestion that many educators have given up on children from lower income families; Proposal of ways to deal with the problem using various criteria to develop an effective state program.

  • Uncertainty and decision making in teaching: Implications for managing line professionals

    1/1/89 - Bacharach, S., Conley, S., T. J. Sergiovanni and J. H. Moore

    Most of this book's 22 chapters were written as background papers that were presented at a national conference on restructuring schooling held at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas, August 18-21, 1987. Framing the chapters of this book is the notion that if rational management systems and theoretical treatises about promoting school excellence do not take into account the realities of the workplace, they will not bring about sustained improvements in our nation's schools. Chapters in...

  • Understanding Trends in the Black-White Achievement Gaps during the First Years of School

    1/1/06 - Murnane, Richard J., Willett, John B., Bub, Kristen L., McCartney, Kathleen

    The article examines the research conducted by Ronald G. Fryer and Steven D. Levitt, focusing on differences by grade in the black-white test score gap in reading and mathematics, based on analyses of data on the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K) in the U.S. The types of school quality indicators used are discussed. A comparison between the data sets of ECLS-K and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) is also presented.

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    Using student achievement data to support instructional decision making

    1/28/10 - Hamilton, L., Halverson, R., Jackson, S., Mandinach, E., Supovitz, J., & Wayman, J.

    Recent changes in accountability and testing policies have provided educators with access to an abundance of student-level data, and the availability of such data has led many to want to strengthen the role of data for guiding instruction and improving student learning. The U.S. Department of Education recently echoed this desire, calling upon schools to use assessment data to respond to students’ academic strengths and needs.5 In addition, spurred in part by federal legislation and...

  • What are we doing to Middle School English Learners? Findings and recommendations for change from a study of California EL Programs: Researh Report

    1/1/10 - Walqui, A., Koelsch, N., Hamburger, L., Gaarder, D., Insaurrald, A., Schmida, M., Weiss, S., and Estrada, P.

    This two-phase research project, conducted by WestEd and funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, aims irst to map the current landscape of programs and interventions for English Learners in districts in California with the highest percentage of ELs in their schools, and then to contextualize through case studies what happens at the middle school and classroom levels. The irst phase of the study presents a broad picture of the education of English Learners in...

  • What Parents of students with disabilities need to know and do

    1/1/06 - Cortiella, C. , National center on educational outcomes; Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) and Naitonal Association of State Directors of Special Educaiton (NASDSE); U.S. Office of Special Education Programs.

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) are two of the nation’s most important federal laws relating to the education of children. While NCLB seeks to improve the education of all children — with an emphasis on children from low- income families — IDEA focuses on the individual child and seeks to ensure specialized services for children with disabilities so that they may benefi t from education. Lately, these two...

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