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Tag: focuses

  • Beginning Reading Instruction in Urban Schools: The Curriculum Gap Ensures a Continuing Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Teale, William H., Paciga, Kathleen A., Hoffman, Jessica L.

    Although Reading First (RF) is having positive effects on early literacy achievement, it is resulting in a curriculum gap. RF, which has received more than $4 billion to improve reading instruction in the primary grades since 2002, is based on phonological awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension, five indispensable components of a quality beginning reading program. However, as legislation becomes classroom practice, there have been comprehension instruction gaps, gaps in...

  • Beyond High School: An Examination of Hispanic Educational Attainment

    1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.

    Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...

  • Bridging the Gaps in Perspectives on Equity in Mathematics Education

    1/1/08 - Luienski, Sarah Theule, Guiterrez, Rochelle

    In this rejoinder, the authors further detail their positions on the role of gaps analyses in mathematics education research as outlined in the previous 2 articles. They clarify areas of agreement and probe areas of disagreement, focusing on the benefits and dangers they see in either emphasizing educational disparities between groups or shifting the focus to the advancement of particular groups. The authors discuss ways in which their backgrounds have shaped their differences in...

  • BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION AND THE NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND ACT: COMPETING IDEOLOGIES

    1/1/05 - Nichols, Dan J.

    Focuses on the difference between the Brown versus Board of Education decision and the U.S. No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. Approaches to segregation; Historical background of the Brown case; Principles underlying NCLB.

  • Cambodian Invisibility: Students Lost between the "Achievement Gap" and the "Model Minority"

    1/1/08 - Wallitt, Roberta

    This article discusses one aspect of a research study that explored the school experiences of Cambodian American students. Due to their invisibility in the school setting and also in the literature on school reform, these children from refugee families are often overlooked as schools attempt to "close the achievement gap." Through their own words, the young people provide insight as to why the schools are so ineffective in educating them, resulting in disproportionate dropout rates and...

  • Can Technology Narrow the Black-White Achievement Gap?

    1/1/05 - Beglau, Monica M.

    The significant gains that have been made in the achievement of African-American students in Missouri may be the result of a collaborative education program called enhancing Missouri's Instructional Networked Teaching Strategies (eMINTS), which uses technology to make a difference in student achievement. Focusing on the expectation that all students can attain higher performance levels, eMINTS includes mechanisms for increasing quality parental involvement and provides teachers with...

  • Celebrating Diversity and Denying Disparities: A Critical Assessment

    1/1/03 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    In the past, researchers concerned with educational achievement gaps sought to identify underlying causes of those gaps by examining deficiencies of students' home backgrounds. In reaction against this "blame the victim" approach, scholars have moved toward focusing on positive aspects of diversity. This article raises critical questions about the tradeoffs of framing all diversity as positive. The author contends that such framings divert attention from socioeconomic diversity and obscure...

  • Changing Students, Changing Teaching

    1/1/00 - Stodolsky, Susan S., Grossman, Pamela L.

    Educators are searching for effective ways to meet the challenges posed by increased cultural diversity among students. We explore this issue at the high school level where concerns about subject matter and student diversity intersect sharply. A case study approach, augmented by a large sample survey, is used to understand the dynamics of adaptation to a changing student population. We document adaptations in curriculum, instruction, and assessment made by math and English teachers. We...

  • Climbing the ladder of reading proficiency

    1/1/12 - The Dunbar Learning Complex

    The Dunbar Learning Complex is part of a comprehensive community change effort underway in Atlanta’s Neighborhood Planning Unit V with support from the Annie E. Casey Foundation- Atlanta Civic Site. Since 2001, Casey has utilized research and data-informed best practices to improve outcomes for vulnerable children and families in this area by focusing on three interconnected results: Education Achievement, Family Economic Success, and Neighborhood Transformation

  • Closing Achievement Gaps: Roles and Tasks of Elementary School Counselors

    1/1/08 - Trusty, Jerry, Mellin, Elizabeth A., Herbert, James T.

    Achievement gaps among racial-ethnic and socioeconomic status groups are an enduring, pervasive, and multifaceted phenomenon. Therefore, efforts aimed at understanding and addressing these gaps must be developmentally and environmentally broad, involving numerous school counselor roles and tasks, including leadership, advocacy, collaboration, and strategic interventions. In this article, we first document achievement gap trends and then provide a framework for understanding and sequencing...

  • Closing Achievement Gaps: Roles and Tasks of Elementary School Counselors

    1/1/08 - Trusty, Jerry, Mellin, Elizabeth A., Herbert, James T.

    Achievement gaps among racial-ethnic and socioeconomic status groups are an enduring, pervasive, and multifaceted phenomenon. Therefore, efforts aimed at understanding and addressing these gaps must be developmentally and environmentally broad, involving numerous school counselor roles and tasks, including leadership, advocacy, collaboration, and strategic interventions. In this article, we first document achievement gap trends and then provide a framework for understanding and sequencing...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: A Structured Approach to Group Counseling

    1/1/05 - Campbell, Chari A., Brigman, Greg

    This study evaluated the impact of a group counseling intervention on student academic and social performance. Twenty-five school counselors were trained to use a structured approach to small-group counseling with students scoring in the mid-to-low range in math and reading. The group intervention focused on improving student achievement and student success skills, which included academic, social, and self-management skills. Results indicated gains in reading and math achievement scores and...

  • Coincidence or conspiracy? Whiteness, policy and the persistence of the Black/White achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gillborn, David

    The writer examines the nature of racial inequality in the English educational system by using an approach based on critical race theory. Focusing on the relative accomplishments of white school leavers and their black, African Caribbean peers, he contends that an uneven focus on students receiving free school meals has blurred long-standing inequalities. He also contends that the media increasingly portray whites as race victims, refocusing white people's interests in popular discourse...

  • Coincidence or conspiracy? Whiteness, policy and the persistence of the Black/White achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gillborn, David

    Adopting an approach shaped by critical race theory (CRT) the paper proposes a radical analysis of the nature of race inequality in the English educational system. Focusing on the relative achievements of White school leavers and their Black (African Caribbean) peers, it is argued that long standing Black/White inequalities have been obscured by a disproportionate focus on students in receipt of free school meals (FSMs). Simultaneously the media increasingly present Whites as race victims...

  • College Completion Gaps Between Blacks and Whites: What Accounts for Regional Differences?

    Kodrzycki, Yolanda K.

    Explores reasons for the differential college completion gaps by race across U.S. regions, focusing chiefly on adults between the ages of 25 and 34. Hypotheses; Determinants of college attendance and completion for blacks and whites; Differences in black-white socioeconomic status by region.

  • Comments of the Partnership of 21st Century Skills

    P21 strongly supports the Federal Communications Commission's ("Commission") decision to update and expand the E-rate. We encourage the Commission to focus this incredibly successful program on helping schools swiftly connect all students to high capacity broadband services. Among other advantages, robust broadband enables students to learn and acquire knowledge and skills in relevant, real word contexts; supports expanded community and international involvement in learning; creates greater...

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