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    Disproportionate Representation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students in Special Education: Measuring the Problem

    1/31/07 - Martha Countinho, Donald Oswald, Equity Alliance at ASU

    The author of this brief discusses that racial disproportionality in school disciplinary practices has a long history, and still continues today. In the last three decades, racial disproportionality in school suspensions has increased noticeably, especially in high socioeconomic status (SES) schools. Empirical evidence suggests that exclusionary discipline practices result in further exclusion, school failure, and dropout. Today, nationwide African American students are disproportionately...

  • According to Jim: The Disproportions of Abilities

    1/1/09 - Gallagher, James J.

    The article discusses the factors involved on the issue about disproportion which refers to the absence of minority students in the classroom of gifted students in the U.S. One main factor is an assumption of equality in ability between ethnic and racial groups at birth with no superior races involved. The author explains that the country's educational system is facing real differences in the development of intellectual abilities of students by school age which is a morally and socially...

  • School racial composition and academic achievement: the case of Hmong LEP students in the USA

    1/1/08 - Lee, Moosung, Madyun, Na'im

    The existence of the achievement gap is more than just a black-white issue; contrary to stereotypes, it is a concern within Asian homes. Hmong students underachieve in comparison with many East Asian students. Traditional cultural practices and poverty have been identified as explanatory factors. Our data suggest that a more critical factor might be within-school segregation. Utilising a racial exposure statistic, it was found that the more diverse a school became, the higher the achievement...

  • Science for All

    1/1/08 - Metz, Steve

    The author discusses the achievement gap in science education. He notes that the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) indicated a high number of U.S. students who scored poorly on science literacy and that the score represented the influence of socioeconomic factors. He suggests that education was not been an important factor in the 2008 U.S. presidential election.

  • A Closer Look at Black-White Mathematics Gaps: Intersections of Race and SES in NAEP Achievement and Instructional Practices Data

    1/1/02 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    A study investigated the disparities between white and African-American students' mathematics performance, with attention to interactions between race and socioeconomic status (SES). Data were obtained from the 1990, 1996, and 2000 National Assessment of Educational Progress. Although the results revealed substantial achievement gaps between African-American students and their white counterparts--such as 12th grade African-American students scoring below 8th grade white students--an analysis...

  • An Approach to Eradicating the Achievement Gap: Making Instruction Meaningful

    1/1/08 - Campos, David

    The article discusses how lessons taught to white and Asian students may eliminate the achievement gap. According to the author, social factors affect children of color including African American and Latino school children making them not as proficient as their white and Asian-American counterparts. An overview of the lesson plan reflecting questions on the students' personal experience that relate to social, political, and economic conditions is offered. The author suggests that teachers...

  • An Exploration of the Relationship Between Ethnicity, Attention Problems, and Academic Achievement

    1/1/04 - Rabiner, David L., Murray, Desiree W., Schmid, Lorrie

    Abstract. There has been longstanding concern about achievement differences across ethnic groups. Inattention is a significant factor associated with underachievement, and higher ratings of inattention have been found for some minority groups. The present study examined the relationship between inattention and achievement across Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic first graders. Thirty-three teachers rated over 600 students on their academic achievement, inattentive classroom behavior...

  • An Exploration of the Relationship Between Ethnicity, Attention Problems, and Academic Achievement

    1/1/04 - Rabiner, David L., Murray, Desiree W., Schmid, Lorrie, Malone, Patrick S.

    There has been longstanding concern about achievement differences across ethnic groups. Inattention is a significant factor associated with underachievement, and higher ratings of inattention have been found for some minority groups. The present study examined the relationship between inattention and achievement across Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic first graders. Thirty-three teachers rated over 600 students on their academic achievement, inattentive classroom behavior...

  • Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders: Facts, Not Fiction: Setting the record straight

    1/1/08 - National Commission on Asian American and Paciic Islander Research in Education

    The National Commission on Asian American and Paciic Islander Research in Education (CARE), consisting of a national commission, an advisory board, and a research team at New York University, aims to engage realistic and actionable discussions about the mobility and educational opportunities for AAPIs and how distinctions of race, ethnicity, language, and other cultural factors play out in the day-to-day operations of American schools throughout the educational spectrum. In particular...

  • Basic Facts about Low-Income Children

    2/1/14 - Jiang, Yang; Ekono, Mercedes; Skinner, Curtis

    Children under 18 years represent 23 percent of the population, but they comprise 34 percent of all people in poverty. Among all children, 45 percent live in low-income families and approximately one in every five (22 percent) live in poor families. Being a child in a low-income or poor family does not happen by chance. Parental education and employment, race/ethnicity, and other factors are associated with children’s experience of economic insecurity. This fact sheet describes the...

  • Beyond High School: An Examination of Hispanic Educational Attainment

    1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.

    Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...

  • Brain-behavior relationships in reading acquisition are modulated by socioeconomic factors

    1/1/06 - Noble, Kimberly G., Wolmetz, Michael E., Ochs, Lisa G., Farah, Martha J., McCandliss, Bruce D.

    Functional neuroimaging may provide insights into the achievement gap in reading skill commonly observed across socioeconomic status (SES). Brain activation during reading tasks is known to be associated with individual differences in children's phonological language skills. By selecting children of equivalent phonological skill, yet diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, we use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to demonstrate that a child's experience, as operationalized by SES, can...

  • Closing the Gap With Summer Reading

    1/1/09 - Metz, Steve

    The author emphasizes the value of summer reading programs to students. He claimed that summer learning or reading programs are an essential factor in student learning. He cited a research on the achievement gap between lower- and higher-income youth which can be attributed to access to summer learning programs. The author argued that summer reading should be an integral part of lifelong learning and personal growth.

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • Coincidence or conspiracy? Whiteness, policy and the persistence of the Black/White achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gillborn, David

    The writer examines the nature of racial inequality in the English educational system by using an approach based on critical race theory. Focusing on the relative accomplishments of white school leavers and their black, African Caribbean peers, he contends that an uneven focus on students receiving free school meals has blurred long-standing inequalities. He also contends that the media increasingly portray whites as race victims, refocusing white people's interests in popular discourse...

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