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Tag: environment

  • Reducing the Racial Achievement Gap: A Social-Psychological Intervention

    1/1/06 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio, Apfel, Nancy, Master, Allison

    Two randomized field experiments tested a social-psychological intervention designed to improve minority student performance and increase our understanding of how psychological threat mediates performance in chronically evaluative real-world environments. We expected that the risk of confirming a negative stereotype aimed at one's group could undermine academic performance in minority students by elevating their level of psychological threat. We tested whether such psychological threat could...

  • Reflections on the researcher in a multicultural environment.

    1/1/91 - Weis, L. , C. A. Grant
  • Research and Practice for Persons with severe disabilities

    1/1/04
  • Reversing the "standard" direction: Science emerging from the lives of African American students

    1/1/01 - Seiler, Gale

    Recognizing the persistent science achievement gap between inner-city African American students and students from mainstream, White society, this article suggests that the imposition of external standards on inner-city schools will do little to ameliorate this gap because such an approach fails to address the significance of the social and cultural lives of the students. Instead, it is suggested that the use of critical ethnographic research would enable educators to learn from the students...

  • Review of Improving the quality of education for African-American males: A study of America's urban schools

    1/1/07 - No authorship, indicated

    Reviews the book, Improving the quality of education for African-American males: A study of America's urban schools by George R. Taylor and Thaddeus L. Phillips (2005). This text is designed to assist educators in urban school districts in closing the achievement gap among African-American males. It provides a framework for innovative educators to extrapolate creative methods and strategies for closing this gap. The book demonstrates that African-American males' achievement and standards can...

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    Safe at School: Addressing the School Environment and LGBT Safety through Policy and Legislation

    1/30/10 - Biegel, S. & Kuehl, S. J.

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students face a unique set of safety concerns each day. Over 85% report being harassed because of their sexual or gender identity, and over 20% report being physically attacked. The suicide rate for LGBT students continues to be 3-4 times higher than that of their straight counterparts, and in some parts of the country LGBT runaways may comprise up to 40% of the entire teen homeless population. Advances in law and policy have helped lead to...

  • Schools, achievement, and inequality: a seasonal perspective

    1/1/01 - Alexander, Karl L., Entwisle, Doris R., Olson, Linda S.

    Are there socioeconomic differences in the seasonality of children's learning over the school year and summer months? The achievement gap across social lines increases during the primary grades, as much research indicates, but descriptive analyses and HLM within-person growth models for a representative panel of Baltimore school children demonstrate that the increase can be traced mainly to the out-of-school environment (i.e., influences situated in home and community). School-year verbal...

  • Self-regulation and the income-achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Evans, Gary W., Rosenbaum, Jennifer

    Abstract: The pervasive income-related achievement gap among children has been partially explained by parental investments. Wealthier parents provide more cognitively enriched environments (e.g., books, informal learning opportunities such as music lessons) and converse more with their children relative to low-income parents. However parental investment only partially accounts for the income-achievement gap. On average, low-income children have more difficulty regulating their emotions and...

  • State variation in placement of children with handicaps in segregated environments.

    1/1/89 - Danielson, L. C., & Bellamy, G. T.
  • Tackling Male Underachievement: Enhancing a Strengths-Based Learning Environment for Middle School Boys

    1/1/08 - Clark, Mary Ann, Flower, Kelly, Walton, Jonathan, Oakley, Erin

    During the past decade, there has been an increasing gender achievement gap with male students lagging behind their female counterparts on a number of important indicators of school success. This article examines recommendations and strategies for school counselors working with middle school boys to enhance the learning environment, to promote strengths, and to encourage positive attitudes toward academic achievement and future planning. Collaboration with teachers, administrators, parents...

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    Teacher Perspectives of School-Level Implementation of Alternate Assessments for Students With Significant Cognitive Disabilities

    1/28/10 - Renée Cameto, Frances Bergland, Anne-Marie Knokey, Katherine M. Nagle, Christopher Sanford, Sara C. Kalb, Jose Blackorby , Beth Sinclair, Derek L. Riley, Moreiça Ortega

    "Read about teachers' perspectives on school-level implementation of alternate assessments in a national study released by the National Center for Special Education Research. This study included more than 400 teachers of students with significant cognitive disabilities from three states. The report provides information on the background and experiences of teachers of students with significant cognitive disabilities, the skills and characteristics of the students they teach, and their...

  • Testing conditions influence the race gap in cognition and achievement estimated by household survey data

    1/1/03 - Kim, Hyoshin, Baydar, Nazli, Greek, April

    The present study investigates the hypothesis that the race gap estimated using achievement test scores administered during household surveys may partly be accounted for by measurable testing conditions such as interviewer characteristics, interviewer-child interactions, and the testing environment in the home. Using the child assessments of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) in 1992, the findings clearly indicate that the factors related to testing conditions in the home have...

  • The best laid plans: Teachers in-class decisions to depart from their lesson plans

    1/1/96 - Bailey, K. M., K. M. Bailey, D. Nunan

    This chapter begins with the author's own voice as a language learner and then carries her over the bridge of a professional puzzle, through the research literature and into the role of a classroom researcher, listening to language teachers' voices. The issue the author wishes to examine is the decision making of experienced teachers - those myraids points in our daily lives as professionals when we must make an on-line judgement as to what is best for our students, whether to stay with the...

  • The Black-White "achievement gap" as a perennial challenge of urban science education: A sociocultural and historical overview with implications for research and practice

    1/1/01 - Norman, Obed, Ault, Charles R., Jr., Bentz, Bonnie, Meskimen, Lloyd

    Explores the academic achievement gap between African American and White students in urban science classrooms. History shows that this gap existed for groups other than African Americans. The authors examine how historical and sociocultural factors in the manifestation and eventual disappearance of the gap for these groups may shed light on the present problem. The authors conclude that the sociocultural position of groups is crucial to understanding the scholastic performance of students...

  • The Black–White test score gap and early home environment

    1/1/09 - Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean, Pfeiffer, Kathryn M.

    Based on panel data for three age cohorts of children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine how early home environment contributes to black–white achievement gaps at different developmental stages and the extent to which early gaps contribute to later racial achievement gaps. We find large black–white test score differences among children of all ages even before children start formal schooling. Except for the oldest cohort, the gaps for all tests widened when...

  • The black–white test score gap and early home environment

    1/1/09 - Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean, Pfeiffer, Kathryn M.

    Based on panel data for three age cohorts of children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine how early home environment contributes to black¿white achievement gaps at different developmental stages and the extent to which early gaps contribute to later racial achievement gaps. We find large black¿white test score differences among children of all ages even before children start formal schooling. Except for the oldest cohort, the gaps for all tests widened when children¿s...

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