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Tag: environment

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    Final report: How district-wide systems change impacted LRE for students with severe disabilities

    1/23/10 - Kozeski, Elizabeth B., Sullivan, Amanda L., Equity Alliance at ASU

    "This final report chronicles the outcomes of the second generation National Institute for Urban School Improvement (NIUSI), Award Number # H326B020002. Built on the previous five years of innovative work from 1997-2002 (a $5 million award), NIUSI’s second round of funding ($3.5 million) produced important results that offer a district-wide blueprint for the design and delivery of least restrictive environments and access to the general education curriculum for students with disabilities...

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    Fostering Emotional Literacy in Young Children: Labeling Emotions

    1/18/09 - G. Joseph , P. Strain, M. M. Ostrosky

    This What Works Brief is part of a continuing series of short, easy-to-read, “how to” information packets on a variety of evidence-based practices, strategies, and intervention procedures. The Briefs are designed to help teachers support young children’s social and emotional development. They include examples and vignettes that illustrate how practical strategies might be used in a variety of early childhood settings and home environments.Emotional literacy is the ability to identify...

  • Framing African American students' success and failure in urban settings: A typology for change

    1/1/08 - Lewis, Chance W., James, Marlon, Hancock, Stephen, Hill-Jackson, Valerie

    Grounded in critical race theory, this article seeks to frame the ideological positions of success and failure for African American students in urban school settings. First, we revisit national data and research literature that illustrate the ongoing urban Black-White achievement gap. Second, the Matrix of Achievement Paradigms is shared in an attempt to advance the conversation on African American students' achievement. It provides a serviceable organizational tool for framing African...

  • From the ghetto to the ivory tower: Gendered effects of segregation on elite-college completion

    1/1/07 - Ehrmann, Nicholas

    Objectives: To explore the continuing consequences of segregation for students in elite colleges and test whether male and female students experience the effects of segregation in different ways. Methods: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen (NLSF, 1999-2003) are used to predict the odds of elite-college graduation separately by gender. Theories on childhood gender socialization are addressed using OLS and logistic regression models to test for gendered pathways through...

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    Glazer: What Helps Teachers Translate Brain Research into Practice?

    1/1/14 - Glazer, Kip

    For any teacher hoping to incorporate brain-based learning into their daily practices, creating a brain-friendly classroom environment is important.

  • Identity, Belonging, and Achievement: A Model, Interventions, Implications

    1/1/08 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio

    In this article we discuss how social or group identities affect achievement. We also present a model of identity engagement that describes how a salient social identity can trigger psychological threat and belonging concerns and how these can produce persistent performance decrements, which through feedback loops can increase over time. The character of such processes may be revealed only over time because they are recursive in nature and interact with other factors in chronically...

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    Impacts of a Violence Prevention Program for Middle Schools: Findings From the First Year of Implementation

    1/16/10 - Suyapa Silvia , Jonathan Blitstein , Jason Williams , Chris Ringwalt , Linda Dusenbury , William Hansen

    "A new evaluation of a violence prevention program for middle schools finds that after one school year, there were no statistically significant impacts on how often students reported that they were victimized by their peers, or committed violence against their peers. In addition, there were no statistically significant impacts of the program on a number of other outcomes such as how often students' reported positive behavior toward their peers or on their perceptions of school safety. The...

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    Including children with disabilities in state pre-k programs

    1/31/10 - Education Law Center,

    "States and local school districts are required by federal law to educate preschool age children with disabilities in typical early childhood programs alongside children who do not have disabilities to the maximum extent appropriate. This policy brief provides an overview of the law and sets forth a list of policy recommendations that can help ensure that children with disabilities receive an appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment. It is intended to serve as a...

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    Investigating the Links to Improved Student Learning: Final report of Research Findings

    1/21/10 - Louis, Karen Seashore, Leithwood, Kenneth, Wahlstrom, Kyla L., Anderson, Stephen E.

    Education is widely held to be crucial for the survival and success of individualsand countries in the emerging global environment. U.S. politicians of all stripes have placed education at the center of their political platforms, and education has been at the center of many European and Asian policy agendas. Comparable agreement is also evident about the contributions of leadership to the implementation of virtually all initiatives aimed at improving student learning and the quality of...

  • It's Not "a Black Thing": Understanding the Burden of Acting White and Other Dilemmas of High Achievement

    1/1/05 - Tyson, Karolyn, Darity, William, Jr., Castellino, Domini R.

    For two decades the acting white hypothesis--the premise that black students are driven toward low school performance because of racialized peer pressure--has served as an explanation for the black-white achievement gap. Fordham and Ogbu proposed that black youths sabotage their own school careers by taking an oppositional stance toward academic achievement. Using interviews and existing data from eight North Carolina secondary public schools, this article shows that black adolescents are...

  • Mapping and Analyzing the Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track: An Action Kit for Understanding How Harsh School Discipline Policies and Practices are Impacting Your Community

    1/1/09 - Advancement Project

    This action kit is intended to help mobilized communities (parents, youth, advocates, and educators) understand and begin to address the schoolhouse to jailhouse track so that they may ultimately create caring learning environments that push students toward colleges and careers rather than prison.

  • Monetary incentives in support of academic achievement: Results of a randomized field trial involving high-achieving, low-resource, ethnically diverse urban adolescents

    1/1/05 - Spencer, Margaret Beale, Noll, Elizabeth, Cassidy, Elaine

    Significant resources have been directed at understanding and alleviating the achievement gap in education. Most programs focused on this aim rely on a top-down approach, including funding for infrastructure improvement, curriculum development, class size, and teacher salaries. This article presents findings from a randomized field trial that evaluates a bottom-up approach in which high-achieving students of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds from poor families are given monetary...

  • Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Education: What Do We know, How Do We Know It, and What Do We Need to Know?

    1/1/03 - Farkas, George

    This paper reviews what we have learned about racial discrepancies in education, with particular attention to those that might be attributable to discrimination. Empirical studies have found that, on average, African American, Latino, and American Indian children arrive at kindergarten or first grade with lower levels of oral language, prereading, and premathematics skills, as well as lesser general knowledge, than that possessed by White and Asian American children. African American...

  • Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Education: What Do We Know, How Do We Know It, and What Do We Need to Know?

    1/1/03 - Farkas, George

    This paper reviews what we have learned about racial discrepancies in education, with particular attention to those that might be attributable to discrimination. Empirical studies have found that, on average, African American, Latino, and American Indian children arrive at kindergarten or first grade with lower levels of oral language, prereading, and premathematics skills, as well as lesser general knowledge, than that possessed by White and Asian American children. African American...

  • Reassessing the "Burden of 'Acting White'": The Importance of Peer Groups in Managing Academic Success

    1/1/03 - Horvat, Erin McNamara, Lewis, Kristine S.

    In 1986 Fordham and Ogbu introduced the idea that Black students continue to underperform in school because of their cultural opposition to "acting White." This notion of the burden of acting White and Ogbu's cultural ecological theory more broadly have provided one of the dominant theories used to explain the Black-White achievement gap. The research presented here offers a reassessment of the burden of acting White and directs researchers to examine the variation to be found in high school...

  • Reducing the Racial Achievement Gap: A Social-Psychological Intervention

    1/1/06 - Cohen, Geoffrey L., Garcia, Julio, Apfel, Nancy, Master, Allison

    Two randomized field experiments tested a social-psychological intervention designed to improve minority student performance and increase our understanding of how psychological threat mediates performance in chronically evaluative real-world environments. We expected that the risk of confirming a negative stereotype aimed at one's group could undermine academic performance in minority students by elevating their level of psychological threat. We tested whether such psychological threat could...

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