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Tag: environment

  • Calculus as a Catalyst: The Transformation of an Inner-City High School in Boston

    1/1/05 - Werkema, Rachel Deyette, Case, Robert

    Disparities in curricular offerings between poor, inner-city schools and their more affluent counterparts leave urban students at a disadvantage in terms of preparation for higher education and future job opportunities. Introducing more rigorous academic coursework into traditionally low-performing schools is one way to close this gap; however, the addition of advanced classes is only part of moving a school to a higher level of academic performance. Using a framework developed by Oakes, we...

  • Cambodian Invisibility: Students Lost between the "Achievement Gap" and the "Model Minority"

    1/1/08 - Wallitt, Roberta

    This article discusses one aspect of a research study that explored the school experiences of Cambodian American students. Due to their invisibility in the school setting and also in the literature on school reform, these children from refugee families are often overlooked as schools attempt to "close the achievement gap." Through their own words, the young people provide insight as to why the schools are so ineffective in educating them, resulting in disproportionate dropout rates and...

  • Closing of the gender gap in technology enriched science education: a case study

    1/1/00 - Mayer-Smith, Jolie, Pedretti, Erminia, Woodrow, Janice

    This case study explores a popular assertion, namely that success in technology enriched science classrooms is gender dependent. We investigate how students respond to substantive changes that accompany a comprehensive integration of technology with the teaching and learning of secondary science and physics. Specifically, we ask: (1) Do female students view, participate, and achieve differently than male students in technology enhanced science classrooms? and, (2) If not, why not? Empirical...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap With Curriculum Enrichment and Differentiation: One School's Story

    1/1/08 - Beecher, Margaret, Sweeny, Sheelah M.

    This article summarizes a unique approach to reducing the achievement gap that strategically blended differentiated curriculum with schoolwide enrichment teaching and learning. The theories of enrichment and instructional differentiation were translated into practice in an elementary school that had previously embraced a remedial paradigm. This enrichment approach resulted in improved student achievement and the reduction of the achievement gap between rich and poor and among different...

  • Closing the achievement gap with curriculum enrichment and differentiation: One school's story

    1/1/08 - Beecher, Margaret, Sweeny, Sheelah M.

    This article summarizes a unique approach to reducing the achievement gap that strategically blended differentiated curriculum with schoolwide enrichment teaching and learning. The theories of enrichment and instructional differentiation were translated into practice in an elementary school that had previously embraced a remedial paradigm. This enrichment approach resulted in improved student achievement and the reduction of the achievement gap between rich and poor and among different...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: The Association of Racial Climate with Achievement and Behavioral Outcomes

    1/1/07 - Mattison, Erica, Aber, Mark

    This study investigated the relationship between school racial climate and students’ self-reports of academic and discipline outcomes, including whether racial climate mediated and/or moderated the relationship between race and outcomes. Using the Racial Climate Survey-High School Version (M. Aber et al., unpublished), data were gathered from African American ( n = 382) and European American students ( n = 1456) regarding their perceptions of racial climate. About 18% of the respondents...

  • Closing the Gap: Impact of Student Proactivity and Learning Goal Orientation on E-Learning Outcomes

    1/1/06 - Kickul, Gerard, Kickul, Jill

    A study examined the impact of student proactivity and learning goal orientation on perceptions of quality of learning and overall course satisfaction among 241 graduate and undergraduate students in an online program. Findings revealed how proactive personality and personal learning goals influenced student assessments of learning and satisfaction in an online environment. In particular, proactive personality played a key role in enhancing learning. Other findings of the study are...

  • Creating an Inclusive School

    1/1/05 - Villa, R.A., & Thousand, J.S.
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    Desired Family Outcomes of the Early Childhood Transition Process

    1/19/09 - Gloria Harbin, Beth Rous, Nancy Peeler, Joneen Schuster, Katherine McCormick

    "Transitions are often watershed events that present challenges for all young children and their families. However transitions from one environment or program to another are often particularly stressful and frustrating for families of young children with disabilities...Perhaps one reason for continued problems in the area of transition is the absence of aligning evidence-based practice with a set of clearly defined outcomes of transition. This requires a more systematic understanding of the...

  • Disentangling the racial test score gap: Probing the evidence in a large urban school district

    1/1/07 - Stiefel, Leanna, Schwartz, Amy Ellen, Ellen, Ingrid Gould

    We examine the size and distribution of the gap in test scores across races within New York City public schools and the factors that explain these gaps. While gaps are partially explained by differences in student characteristics, such as poverty, differences in schools attended are also important. At the same time, substantial within-school gaps remain and are only partly explained by differences in academic preparation across students from different race groups. Controlling for differences...

  • Disparities Within: Unequal Spending and Achievement in an Urban School District

    1/1/03 - Condron, Dennis J., Roscigno, Vincent J.

    The debate over whether educational spending shapes achievement has persisted for decades, largely because of methodological and analytical limitations associated with the use of district-level data. In this study, the authors analyzed unique within-district variations in spending and achievement among 89 public elementary schools in a large, North Central, urban district. The analyses reveal considerable disparities in spending within the district, which are linked to local patterns of...

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    Early interactions with children who are deaf-blind

    1/5/09 - Deborah Gleason

    This fact sheet presents numerous ways you can interact with your young child and offers practical suggestions for giving your child consistent sensory cues. This fact sheet suggests ways you can recognize and then respond to your child's responses and also includes techniques that encourage exploration of the environment.

  • Empowerment Groups for Academic Success: An Innovative Approach to Prevent High School Failure for At-Risk, Urban African American Girls

    1/1/05 - Bemak, Fred, Chung, Rita Chi-Ying, Siroskey-Sabdo, Linda A.

    Twenty-first-century urban schools face unique challenges in being culturally responsive and providing quality education to culturally diverse and low-income students. The academic achievement gap for low-income and ethnic youth poses the need for new and innovative interventions by educational institutions. School counselors are in a unique position in schools to assume leadership roles in reducing academic disparity. This article discusses the experience of urban youth identified as being...

  • Ethnic and gender differences in mathematics achievement and in dispositions towards the study of mathematics

    1/1/06 - Birenbaum, Menucha, Nasser, Fadia

    The study examined the effects of gender and ethnicity on mathematics achievement on a national test and on dispositions (attitudes, perceived parental expectations, effort, and help) towards the study of mathematics of a representative sample of Jewish and Arab eighth graders in Israel. The results indicated a large ethnic gap in achievement in favor of the Jewish students. Significant gender--ethnicity interactions emerged whereby Arab girls, compared to Arab boys, attempted more items on...

  • Evidence of a differential effect of ability grouping on the reading achievement growth of language-minority Hispanics

    1/1/08 - Robinson, Joseph P.

    Ability grouping is sometimes thought to exacerbate inequality by increasing achievement gaps; however, ability grouping may in fact benefit a fast growing and often marginalized student population: children from non-English-speaking home environments. The level-appropriate, small-group instruction received in reading ability groups may be particularly beneficial to these language-minority children, who are not regularly exposed to English at home. Focusing on Hispanics, who make up the...

  • Family (Dis)Advantage and the Educational Prospects of Better Off African American Youth: How Race Still Matters

    1/1/07 - Gosa, Travis L., Alexander, Karl L.

    While the educational difficulties of poor black students are well documented and have been discussed extensively, the academic performance of well-off African American children has received much less attention. Even with economic and educational resources in the home, well-off African American youth are not achieving at the levels of their white peers. Why is this? A review of relevant literature identifies a set of social processes that pose formidable barriers to the academic and personal...

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