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Tag: economic

  • The knowledge gap: Implications of leveling the playing field for low-income and middle-income children

    1/1/06 - Neuman, Susan B., Celano, Donna

    This study examines children's uses of reading resources in neighborhood public libraries that have been transformed to "level the playing field." Through foundation funding (US$20 million), the public library system of Philadelphia converted neighborhood branch libraries into a technologized modern urban library system, hoping to improve the lives of disadvantaged children and their families by closing the achievement gap. Using a mosaic of ethnographic methodologies, four studies examined...

  • A Closer Look at Black-White Mathematics Gaps: Intersections of Race and SES in NAEP Achievement and Instructional Practices Data

    1/1/02 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    A study investigated the disparities between white and African-American students' mathematics performance, with attention to interactions between race and socioeconomic status (SES). Data were obtained from the 1990, 1996, and 2000 National Assessment of Educational Progress. Although the results revealed substantial achievement gaps between African-American students and their white counterparts--such as 12th grade African-American students scoring below 8th grade white students--an analysis...

  • A Focused Look at Schools Receiving School Improvement Grants that Have Percentages of English Language Learner Students

    4/1/14

    Numbering nearly 5 million during the 2010-11 school year, English language learners (ELLs) are a diverse and growing group of K-12 students whose varied linguistic, economic, and cultural backgrounds present unique needs and assets for the school community. Nationwide, the number of ELLs in the United States has increased by more than 10 percent in the past decade, although growth rates and percentages differ across states.

  • A Framework for Advancing Career and Teachnical Education: Recommendations for the Reauthorization of the Carl D. Perkins Act

    1/1/12 - Alliance for Excellent Education

    The nation’s economy is only as strong as the educational foundation that supports it. Economic success in the twenty-first century requires a labor force capable of demonstrating an advanced level of both knowledge and skill. To be a true engine of growth, the nation’s education system must be aligned with these demands. This is why the reauthorization of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Educational Improvement Act of 2006 (Perkins), the nation’s largest federal investment...

  • A New Year's Resolution for 2006: Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Donlevy, Jim

    There are still far too many poor and minority children being educated in schools with inadequate resources and poorly trained and uncertified staff. Sadly, educational results for children in such schools are significantly below those of children in better-funded schools and districts. This article reviews recent New Year's resolutions made in the Journal and calls for "Closing the Achievement Gap" as the New Year's resolution for 2006. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

  • A road map for mathematics achievement for all students: findings from the national mathematics panel

    1/1/09 - Brown, C.,

    The eminence, safety, and well-being of nations have been entwined for centuries with the ability of their people to deal with sophisticated quantitative ideas. Leading societies have commanded mathematical skills that have brought them advantages in medicine and health, in technology and commerce, in navigation and exploration, in defense and finance, and in the ability to understand past failures and to forecast future developments. History is full of examples. During most of the 20th...

  • Access to Higher Education: The Hope for Democratic Schooling in America

    1/1/04 - Burke, J. Bruce, Johnstone, Michelle

    The American aspiration for higher education as a road to a better life for everyone is threatened. As the economic and social gap between the upper third of the population and the bottom third widens, so access to better education, especially to higher education, becomes increasingly difficult to achieve. The traditional role of hope in the American Democratic Dream of a just and fair society is being eroded, as increasing numbers of Americans are marginalized, jailed, recruited into...

  • AFRICAN AMERICAN PARENTS IN THE SEARCH STAGE OF COLLEGE CHOICE

    1/1/06 - Smith, Michael J., Fleming, Michael K.

    A serious imbalance exists in today's African American undergraduate student population in which the number of women far outnumber the number of men. Although at the macro level, political, sociological, and economic forces frame this gender enrollment gap, scant research has explored microlevel influences such as parents and parenting. This study uses a qualitative methodology and Hossler's model of college choice to examine African American parent involvement during the search stage. The...

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    Amoretta Morris: Five Questions with Casey

    1/1/14 - Morris, A.

    Amoretta Morris is a senior associate for Family-Centered Community Change, a new Foundation effort partnering with three communities to improve academic and economic well-being for children by working with parents and their children simultaneously.

  • An Approach to Eradicating the Achievement Gap: Making Instruction Meaningful

    1/1/08 - Campos, David

    The article discusses how lessons taught to white and Asian students may eliminate the achievement gap. According to the author, social factors affect children of color including African American and Latino school children making them not as proficient as their white and Asian-American counterparts. An overview of the lesson plan reflecting questions on the students' personal experience that relate to social, political, and economic conditions is offered. The author suggests that teachers...

  • An Early Gap in Black-White Mathematics Achievement: Holding School and Home Accountable in an Affluent City School District

    1/1/03 - Hughes, Sherick A.

    A study investigated the effect of ethnicity and socioeconomic status on the mathematics scores of third-grade students. Data were obtained from 687 students in an affluent city school district in North Carolina. Findings suggested that ethnicity and socioeconomic status had a significant effect on third-grade students' mathematics scores. Moreover, findings indicated that strong social forces sustained the achievement gap between African-American and white students, even when affluent...

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    An early look at the Economic Stimulus Package and the public schools: Perspectives from state leaders

    1/7/09 - Center on Education Policy,

    "This report looks at the early efforts of states to implement the elementary and secondary education provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The findings are drawn from a survey of officials in state education agencies and governors’ offices in 44 states and the District of Columbia. Key findings concern the financial condition of state education budgets, progress toward meeting the reform assurances, interest in national content standards and the Race to the Top...

  • Attributed for academic achievement: A comparative study in tribal and non-tribal settings

    1/1/08 - Rath, Muralidhar

    The failure or poor performance of tribal students in their academic tests has initiated deep debates and grave discussions now-a-days. It is worthwhile to note that tribal students in India are not only they who reside in ashrams or hostels of different urban schools and colleges, and are mostly compared by researchers with non-tribal students. Rather, a major portion of tribals dwell in rural and tribal settings and some of them pursue their education in poorly maintained schools and...

  • Basic Facts about Low-Income Children

    2/1/14 - Jiang, Yang; Ekono, Mercedes; Skinner, Curtis

    Children under 18 years represent 23 percent of the population, but they comprise 34 percent of all people in poverty. Among all children, 45 percent live in low-income families and approximately one in every five (22 percent) live in poor families. Being a child in a low-income or poor family does not happen by chance. Parental education and employment, race/ethnicity, and other factors are associated with children’s experience of economic insecurity. This fact sheet describes the...

  • Between Two Worlds: How Young Latinos Come of Age in America

    1/1/09 - Pew Hispanic Center Staff

    A Pew Hispanic Center report based on a new nationwide survey of Latino youths and on analyses of government data examines the values, attitudes, experiences and self-identity of this generation as it comes of age in America.

  • Beyond High School: An Examination of Hispanic Educational Attainment

    1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.

    Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...

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