Categories

Tag: disparities

  • Achievement disparities between minority and nonminority students in suburban schools

    1/1/90 - Levine, Daniel U., Eubanks, Eugene E.
  • Advocacy as a Critical Role for Urban School Counselors: Working Toward Equity and Social Justice

    1/1/05 - Bemak, Fred, Chung, Rita Chi-Ying

    The academic achievement gap of students of color and low-income students as compared to middle and upper socioeconomic students and White students has been clearly documented. Historically the long-standing role of the school counselor has contributed to the status quo of these inequities, inadvertently maintaining educational and social disparities. This has been reflected in school counselors' training, role or job descriptions, and actual practice. This article explores the need for a...

  • An Analysis of the Performance Gap Between American Indian and Anglo Students in the New York State Fourth and Eighth Grade Mathematics Assessments

    1/1/05 - Marchand, Richard, Pickreign, Jamar, Howard, Keary

    This study explores differences in mathematics assessment results between American Indian students in Western New York and their Anglo peers. The sample consisted of 2,256 fourth grade students (Native=323 Anglo=1933) and 2,475 eighth grade students (Native=353 Anglo=2122). Scores from New York State's Fourth and Eighth Grade Math Assessments were examined to identify areas of mathematics that contribute to the gap in performance. Analysis of scores indicated that 58[percent] of Native...

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    Are there differences in achievement between boys and girls?

    1/2/10 - Center on Education Policy,

    "Disparities between boys and girls in reading and mathematics achievement have long been a concern among educators. While the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) does not hold school systems directly accountable for making adequate yearly progress (AYP) for the male and female subgroups, as it does for racial/ethnic and other subgroups, the Act does require states and school districts to publicly report test results broken down by gender. These requirements to disaggregate and publicize test...

  • Beginning Reading Instruction in Urban Schools: The Curriculum Gap Ensures a Continuing Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Teale, William H., Paciga, Kathleen A., Hoffman, Jessica L.

    The article discusses literacy issues in U.S. urban schools, including the literacy achievement gap and the curriculum gap. The literacy achievement gap refers to the disparity in academic achievement between different groups. The curriculum gap refers to the current reforms related to early literacy instruction, resulting in the absence of or insufficient attention to curriculum elements critical for success in reading and writing. The measures taken by the government to address these...

  • Bridging the Acculturation Gap: Parent-Child Relationship Quality as a Moderator in Mexican American Families

    1/1/08 - Schofield, Thomas J., Parke, Ross D., Kim, Young, Coltrane, Scott

    The authors examined the degree to which disparities in parent and child acculturation are linked to both family and child adjustment. With a sample of 1st- and 2nd-generation Mexican American children, acculturation and parent-child relationship quality at 5th grade, and parent-child conflict, child internalizing, and child externalizing at 7th grade were measured. Acculturation gaps with fathers were found to be related to later father-child conflict as well as internalizing and...

  • Bridging the Gaps in Perspectives on Equity in Mathematics Education

    1/1/08 - Luienski, Sarah Theule, Guiterrez, Rochelle

    In this rejoinder, the authors further detail their positions on the role of gaps analyses in mathematics education research as outlined in the previous 2 articles. They clarify areas of agreement and probe areas of disagreement, focusing on the benefits and dangers they see in either emphasizing educational disparities between groups or shifting the focus to the advancement of particular groups. The authors discuss ways in which their backgrounds have shaped their differences in...

  • Building The Movement To End Educational Inequity

    1/1/08 - Kopp, Wendy

    This article explores the efforts and success of the Teach for America (TFA) program. The author examines the disparities in education and achievement that exist between poor and affluent communities and claims that national policy and practice are not designed to combat the problems poor schools face. The author notes that TFA has shown that when students from poor schools are provided with the opportunities students from affluent communities have, they succeed. The author discusses the...

  • Calculus as a Catalyst: The Transformation of an Inner-City High School in Boston

    1/1/05 - Werkema, Rachel Deyette, Case, Robert

    Disparities in curricular offerings between poor, inner-city schools and their more affluent counterparts leave urban students at a disadvantage in terms of preparation for higher education and future job opportunities. Introducing more rigorous academic coursework into traditionally low-performing schools is one way to close this gap; however, the addition of advanced classes is only part of moving a school to a higher level of academic performance. Using a framework developed by Oakes, we...

  • Celebrating Diversity and Denying Disparities: A Critical Assessment

    1/1/03 - Lubienski, Sarah Theule

    In the past, researchers concerned with educational achievement gaps sought to identify underlying causes of those gaps by examining deficiencies of students' home backgrounds. In reaction against this "blame the victim" approach, scholars have moved toward focusing on positive aspects of diversity. This article raises critical questions about the tradeoffs of framing all diversity as positive. The author contends that such framings divert attention from socioeconomic diversity and obscure...

  • Classroom interaction and gender disparity in secondary vocational instruction

    1/1/91 - Smith, Douglas C.
  • Closing the Disparity Gap

    1/1/03 - Haycock, Ken

    The writer provides research data that indicate that middle- and high-income neighborhoods provide better access to children's reading materials than low-income neighborhoods.

  • Combating gender disparity in education: guidelines for early childhood educators

    1/1/98 - Evans, Karlin S.

    Researchers have noted that gender inequity exists in early school settings. This inequity is apparent in student-teacher interactions, student-student interactions, and children's literature. Suggestions to help current or prospective teachers combat gender inequity in early elementary classrooms via nonbiased literature, nonbiased play, and nonbiased curriculum are provided, and an assessment of nonbiased curriculum is offered.

  • Correlates of Mexican American students' standardized test scores: An integrated model approach

    1/1/07 - Morales, M. Cristina, Saenz, Rogelio

    The use of standardized testing to evaluate academic achievement is a widely debated topic. Despite controversies, standardized testing is used in all educational levels from elementary school to college entrance examinations. One of the ethnic groups particularly affected by this is the Mexican-origin population. An integrated model (individual, family, peer, and institutional factors) is used to enhance our understanding of the disparity in standardized mathematic test scores between...

  • Counterfeit Social Capital and Mexican-American Underachievement

    1/1/03 - Ream, Robert K.

    A critical issue facing U.S. schools and one with broad social implication is the persistent disparity in educational achievement between racial/ethnic groups. The achievement gap may be particularly pronounced for Mexican-Americans who constitute the vast majority of U.S. Latinos and are among the most educationally at risk of all Latino subgroups. By employing mixed-methods research techniques, this study shows that social network instability accompanying high mobility rates may contribute...

  • Cultural and Interpersonal Factors Affecting African American Academic Performance in Higher Education: A Review and Synthesis of the Research Literature

    1/1/05 - Rovai, Alfred P., Gallien, Louis B., Jr., Wighting, Mervyn J.

    The disparity in educational outcomes between majority White and minority African American populations has become known as the African American achievement gap. The authors examine the under performance of African American university students by providing an overview of the major cultural, communication, and learning style characteristics of Black students and the schooling conditions and practices at predominantly White universities. By not teaching based on diversity, professors may be...

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