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    Health in childhood and adolescence and high school dropout

    1/23/10 - Joshua Breslau

    "There is ample evidence that poor health in childhood and adolescence is associated with higher risk of dropping out of high school. This association is suggestive of a causal effect of health problems on dropout and a potential role for health interventions to reduce the proportion of high school students who drop out. Interventions with such a dual benefit—improving health while decreasing dropout—would be important policy priorities. With the goal of identifying strategic priorities...

  • A NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION FOR 2007: INCREASE UNDERSTANDING OF ADOLESCENT LITERACY TO HELP CLOSE THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

  • Access to Higher Education: The Hope for Democratic Schooling in America

    1/1/04 - Burke, J. Bruce, Johnstone, Michelle

    The American aspiration for higher education as a road to a better life for everyone is threatened. As the economic and social gap between the upper third of the population and the bottom third widens, so access to better education, especially to higher education, becomes increasingly difficult to achieve. The traditional role of hope in the American Democratic Dream of a just and fair society is being eroded, as increasing numbers of Americans are marginalized, jailed, recruited into...

  • An Approach to Eradicating the Achievement Gap: Making Instruction Meaningful

    1/1/08 - Campos, David

    The article discusses how lessons taught to white and Asian students may eliminate the achievement gap. According to the author, social factors affect children of color including African American and Latino school children making them not as proficient as their white and Asian-American counterparts. An overview of the lesson plan reflecting questions on the students' personal experience that relate to social, political, and economic conditions is offered. The author suggests that teachers...

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    An early look at the Economic Stimulus Package and the public schools: Perspectives from state leaders

    1/7/09 - Center on Education Policy,

    "This report looks at the early efforts of states to implement the elementary and secondary education provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The findings are drawn from a survey of officials in state education agencies and governors’ offices in 44 states and the District of Columbia. Key findings concern the financial condition of state education budgets, progress toward meeting the reform assurances, interest in national content standards and the Race to the Top...

  • Are gifted girls motivationally disadvantaged? Review, reflection, and redirection

    1/1/02 - Dai, David Yun

    Over the past 2 decades, much research on gifted girls has revolved around the issue of whether they, compared to gifted boys, are motivationally disadvantaged in achievement settings. While research and anecdotal evidence seems to support this hypothesis, most recent educational statistics show the closing of the gender gap. In this article, the literature is reviewed and critiqued as to the existence of alleged gender differences, as well as task and social conditions, and putative...

  • Beyond High School: An Examination of Hispanic Educational Attainment

    1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.

    Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...

  • Caring Closes the Language-Learning Gap

    1/1/09 - Borba, Mary

    The article discusses how relationships between schools and families of English language learners (ELLs) can affect academic achievement and parental participation in education. The author notes achievement gaps between ELLs and English speakers and discusses how parental involvement in education improves achievement. She recommends the use of bilingual personnel and translation of school documents to improve conditions for parents of ELLs and suggests that parent education programs offering...

  • Children with myelomeningocele: The impact of disability on family dynamics and social conditions. A Nordic study.

    1/1/94 - Lie, H. R., Börjeson, M. C., Lagerkvist, B., Rasmussen, R., Hagelsteen, J. H., & Lagergren, J.
  • Closing Achievement Gaps: Roles and Tasks of Elementary School Counselors

    1/1/08 - Trusty, Jerry, Mellin, Elizabeth A., Herbert, James T.

    Achievement gaps among racial-ethnic and socioeconomic status groups are an enduring, pervasive, and multifaceted phenomenon. Therefore, efforts aimed at understanding and addressing these gaps must be developmentally and environmentally broad, involving numerous school counselor roles and tasks, including leadership, advocacy, collaboration, and strategic interventions. In this article, we first document achievement gap trends and then provide a framework for understanding and sequencing...

  • Confronting the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Gardner, David

    The article gives an in-depth look at the achievement gap in the United States educational system in terms of racial divisions. Claims that the gap does not exist are denounced by the author, citing problems of unequal funding and inherent racial prejudices still present in the system. Sociological causes for the discrepancy are listed, such as poverty, generational ideologies and long term effects from racist historical practices. The confrontation of these issues on a national level are...

  • Cultural and Interpersonal Factors Affecting African American Academic Performance in Higher Education: A Review and Synthesis of the Research Literature

    1/1/05 - Rovai, Alfred P., Gallien, Louis B., Jr., Wighting, Mervyn J.

    The disparity in educational outcomes between majority White and minority African American populations has become known as the African American achievement gap. The authors examine the under performance of African American university students by providing an overview of the major cultural, communication, and learning style characteristics of Black students and the schooling conditions and practices at predominantly White universities. By not teaching based on diversity, professors may be...

  • Equity and literacy in the next millennium

    1/1/00 - Au, Kathryn H., Raphael, Taffy E.

    Considerable evidence documents the existence of a gap between the literacy achievement of students of diverse backgrounds and their mainstream peers. Given the increasing diversity of the population of students in classrooms in the US and around the world, the authors believe that the task of addressing the literacy achievement gap will become even more urgent in the new millennium.The challenges posed by the gap are considered in terms of 3 key groups of participants in the process of...

  • Examining Disparities in Mathematics Education: Achievement Gap or Opportunity Gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Family Must Be a Part of the Solution in Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Darling, Sharon

    The article focuses on the study which examines the role of the family in closing the achievement gap of students. Some people believe that creating more school programs that separate low-income children form their parents would solve problems that students may have. According to the study released by Paul Von Hippel, students in year-round schools do not learn more than their peers in traditional nine-month schools. The research also shows that parental involvement has made a positive...

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