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Tag: compared

  • Evaluation of Quality Teaching for English Learners (QTEL) Professional Development

    1/1/12 - Bos, J.M., Sanchez, R.C., Tseng, F., Rayyes, N., Ortiz, L., and Sinicrope, C.

    English language proficiency is critical to academic achievement in the United States. For several decades, educators and policymakers have explored strategies to ensure that English language learner students have access to rigorous academic content as much as non–English language learner students. Educating English language learner students is a challenge that has become a civil rights issue and a topic of federal legislation. In 1968, Congress passed the Bilingual Education Act...

  • Field dependence and the school achievement gap between Anglo-American and Mexican-American children

    1/1/75 - Kagan, Spencer, Zahn, G. Lawrence

    Research supports the hypothesis that field dependence explains the poorer school achievement of Mexican-American children compared to Anglo-American children. To test that hypothesis, multiple regression and path analyses were used to interpret the relationships between culture, field dependence, and school achievement among 134 2nd-, 4th-, and 6th-grade Anglo-American and Mexican-American children. Results indicate that Mexican-Americans were significantly below Anglo-Americans in reading...

  • Gap or Gaps: Challenging the Singular Definition of the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Carpenter Ii, Dick M., Ramirez, Al, Severn, Laura

    For decades, researchers examined the ‘achievement gap’ between minority and nonminority students. This singular definition of achievement gap ignores important within-group differences. This article uses National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) data to examine within-group differences and compares those across Latino, African American, and White populations. Results question the singular definition of achievement gap. Given the importance of how issues are defined, a singular...

  • Gender Differences and Similarities in PISA 2003 Mathematics: A Comparison between the United States and Hong Kong

    1/1/09 - Liu, Ou Lydia, Wilson, Mark

    Differential gender performance in standardized mathematics assessment has long been a heated topic. Gender gaps of varied magnitude have been identified on large-scale assessments in the United States. To continue the investigation, this study examined male and female performance on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 mathematics along four in-depth dimensions (strand, content topics, competency cluster, and item format). Furthermore, to identify the shared and...

  • How California Local Education Agencies evaluate teachers and principals

    1/1/12 - White, M.E., Makkonen, R., Vince, S., Bailey, J.

    In the context of an emerging national focus on evaluating school personnel, the 2009 federal State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF) program requires that states collect data from all local education agencies about their practices for evaluating teachers and principals. In response, the California Department of Education designed and administered the California Teacher and Principal Evaluation Survey, the state’s irst comprehensive data collection efort focused on teacher and...

  • Identity and school adjustment: Revisiting the "acting White" assumption

    1/1/01 - Spencer, Margaret Beale, Noll, Elizabeth, Stoltzfus, Jill, Harpalani, Vinay

    It has long been offered as an explanation for the achievement gap between White and African American students, that African American youth would do better if they adopted a Eurocentric cultural values system. Unfortunately, this theory, along with a great amount of the established literature on minority youth identity development, depends on a deficit-oriented perspective to explain the discrepancy between African American and White students. This is problematic because the perspective...

  • INCREASING PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG ADOLESCENT AFRICAN AMERICAN MALES

    1/1/07 - Martin, Don, Martin, Magy, Gibson, Suzanne Semivan, Wilkins, Jonathan

    African American adolescents disproportionately perform poorly compared to peers in both behavioral and academic aspects of their educational experience. In this study, African American male students participated in an after-school program involving tutoring, group counseling, and various enrichment activities. All students were assessed regarding their behavioral changes using attendance, discipline referrals, suspensions, and expulsions reports. The Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (KBIT...

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    Investigating the Links to Improved Student Learning: Final report of Research Findings

    1/21/10 - Louis, Karen Seashore, Leithwood, Kenneth, Wahlstrom, Kyla L., Anderson, Stephen E.

    Education is widely held to be crucial for the survival and success of individualsand countries in the emerging global environment. U.S. politicians of all stripes have placed education at the center of their political platforms, and education has been at the center of many European and Asian policy agendas. Comparable agreement is also evident about the contributions of leadership to the implementation of virtually all initiatives aimed at improving student learning and the quality of...

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    Methods for assessing racial/ethnic disproportionality in special education: A technical assistance guide

    1/5/09 - Data Accountability Center,, Westat,

    “Many different methods of calculating disproportionality exist. Each of these methods represents a different way of reporting the same data, and each answers a different question about racial/ethnic representation in special education. This technical assistance guide focuses on two of the more common methods: composition and risk. (The authors) also discuss the risk ratio as a means for comparing risk. This technical assistance guide summarizes how to apply each of these methods...

  • Mind, Culture, and Activity: Seminal Papers from the Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition

    1/1/97 - Michael Cole, Yrjo Engestrom, Olga Vasquez
  • Neighborhood and School Factors in the School Performance of Immigrants’ Children

    1/1/07 - Pong, Suet-ling, Hao, Lingxin

    This article examines the effects of neighborhoods and schools on the achievement gaps between adolescents of different nativities and ethnicities. We show that neighborhood and school conditions are better for natives' than for immigrants' children, and they are the worst for Hispanic immigrants. Using cross-classified hierarchical models, we find that introducing neighborhood and school characteristics helps to account for the disadvantage of Mexican immigrants' children but to reveal the...

  • Review of Language and Literacy in Bilingual Children

    1/1/04 - Cummins, Jim

    This reviewed volume reports the results of a large-scale study of bilingual education conducted in the mid- to late-1990s in Miami, Florida, under a grant from the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). Oiler & Eilers (and their colleagues who contributed to individual chapters) have made a very substantial contribution to the research literature on bilingual education and bilingual development generally. Their quasi-experimental study is exemplary from a design...

  • School Safety for Middle School Students.

    1/1/09 - McGuire, J. K., Dixon, A., Russell, S.T.

    Most of the research on student bullying and school safety focuses on high school students. In particular, studies of harassment based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression have rarely focused on middle school students, nor have many studies examined school policies or strategies that make middle schools safer. In this research brief we use data from three middle schools in one school district in California to study school safety for middle school students. Nearly every...

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    States’ Accommodations Policies for Alternate Assessments Based on Modified Academic Achievement Standards (AA-MAS) in 2008–2009

    1/2/10 - Sheryl S. Lazarus, Damien C. Cormier, Melissa Crone, Martha L. Thurlow

    "The National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) has tracked and analyzed states’ accommodations policies for 17 years. This report presents the results of an analysis of states’ accommodations policies for the alternate assessment based on modified achievement standards (AA-MAS), and compares these policies with the states’ regular assessment accommodations policies. This is the first time that NCEO has published a report that is specifically focused on AA-MAS accommodations...

  • The achievement gap between science classrooms and historic inequalities

    1/1/08 - Howie, Sarah, Scherman, Vanessa

    Part of a special issue based on the secondary analysis of data from the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) focusing on gaps between subgroups. A study compared classroom conditions, teacher actions, and pupils' achievement in science for well-functioning and provisioned classrooms and not well-functioning and poorly provisioned classrooms in South Africa. The well-functioning and provisioned classrooms predominantly house White teachers and White or mixed classes in urban areas...

  • The Achievement Gap in Social Studies and Science Starts Early: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study

    1/1/06 - Chapin, June R.

    Data were extracted from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS), a national sample of more than 20,000 kindergartners and first-graders. Fifty-one social studies and science test items were combined into a General Knowledge Test. This test was individually administered to each child with no reading required. General Knowledge Test scores were analyzed at two points in time: fall of kindergarten and spring of first grade. Wide racial-ethnic and very small gender differences were...

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