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Tag: compared

  • Attributed for academic achievement: A comparative study in tribal and non-tribal settings

    1/1/08 - Rath, Muralidhar

    The failure or poor performance of tribal students in their academic tests has initiated deep debates and grave discussions now-a-days. It is worthwhile to note that tribal students in India are not only they who reside in ashrams or hostels of different urban schools and colleges, and are mostly compared by researchers with non-tribal students. Rather, a major portion of tribals dwell in rural and tribal settings and some of them pursue their education in poorly maintained schools and...

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    Do immigrants differ from migrants? Disentangling the impact of mobility on High School completion and performance

    1/10/09 - Stiefel, L., Schwartz, A.E., Conger, D.

    While previous evidence finds that foreign-born students perform better than native-born students in their elementary and middle school years, policymakers and practitioners continue to raise concerns about educational outcomes of immigrants who come to the United States in their high school years. Are late entering students able to graduate from high school in a timely manner or do they fall behind? How does their success compare to late entering native-born students - that is, migrant...

  • Schools, achievement, and inequality: a seasonal perspective

    1/1/01 - Alexander, Karl L., Entwisle, Doris R., Olson, Linda S.

    Are there socioeconomic differences in the seasonality of children's learning over the school year and summer months? The achievement gap across social lines increases during the primary grades, as much research indicates, but descriptive analyses and HLM within-person growth models for a representative panel of Baltimore school children demonstrate that the increase can be traced mainly to the out-of-school environment (i.e., influences situated in home and community). School-year verbal...

  • A comparison of the academic performance of Black and White freshman students on an urban commuter campus

    1/1/86 - Mannan, Golam, Charleston, Lillian, Saghafi, Behrooz

    Compared the academic performance of 3,279 entering undergraduates at a midwestern commuter university in terms of whether they had been admitted to the regular academic program or to a remedial program. Based on placement test scores, 152 Blacks and 459 Whites had been placed in remedial English and mathematics courses. Findings show that in terms of grade point averages (GPAs), Black students' performance lagged behind that of White students in both regular and remedial programs even when...

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    A summary of research on the effects of test accommodations: 2002 through 2004

    1/3/09 - Johnstone, C., Altman, J., Thurlow, M., Thompson, S. J.

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) requires the reporting of participation in assessments overall and by subgroup, including students with disabilities. As states and school districts strive to meet the goals for adequate yearly progress required by NCLB, the use of individual accommodations continues to be scrutinized for effectiveness, threats to test validity, and score comparability. This report summarizes 49 empirical research studies completed on test accommodations between...

  • Academic achievement of homeless and highly mobile children in an urban school district: Longitudinal evidence on risk, growth, and resilience

    1/1/09 - Obradović, Jelena, Long, Jeffrey D., Cutuli, J. J., Chi-Keung, Chan, Hinz, Elizabeth, Heistad, David, Masten, Ann S.

    Longitudinal growth trajectories of reading and math achievement were studied in four primary school grade cohorts (GCs) of a large urban district to examine academic risk and resilience in homeless and highly mobile (H/HM) students. Initial achievement was assessed when student cohorts were in the second, third, fourth, and fifth grades, and again 12 and 18 months later. Achievement trajectories of H/HM students were compared to low-income but nonmobile students and all other tested...

  • Achievement disparities between minority and nonminority students in suburban schools

    1/1/90 - Levine, Daniel U., Eubanks, Eugene E.

    National data show that in 1986, African-American (AA) and Hispanic (HS) 13-yr-old students with college-educated parents had average reading proficiency scores 16 and 13 points (respectively) below the average for comparable White students. Reading and spelling performance data for 5th-8th graders at a suburban school show that in 1988, AAs were near or above the national norm in spelling but were clearly below the national norm in reading comprehension. Data on AAs' performance in southern...

  • Advocacy as a Critical Role for Urban School Counselors: Working Toward Equity and Social Justice

    1/1/05 - Bemak, Fred, Chung, Rita Chi-Ying

    The academic achievement gap of students of color and low-income students as compared to middle and upper socioeconomic students and White students has been clearly documented. Historically the long-standing role of the school counselor has contributed to the status quo of these inequities, inadvertently maintaining educational and social disparities. This has been reflected in school counselors' training, role or job descriptions, and actual practice. This article explores the need for a...

  • An Investigation of the Impact of Racially Diverse Teachers on the Reading Skills of Fourth-Grade Students in a One Race School

    1/1/09 - Burt, Jo Linn, Ortlieb, Evan T., Cheek, Earl H., Jr.

    Despite efforts from the No Child Left Behind Act (2000) aimed at better educating minority children, the African American-Caucasian test score gap persists. The population of public school students is increasingly diverse; yet, 90[percent] of public school teachers are Caucasian females (Graybill, 1997). Within this ethnographic dichotomy, what effect does the racial makeup of faculty have on minority student success? This inquiry's central focus is to determine whether teacher ethnicity...

  • Are boys excelling girls in geometric learning?

    1/1/29 - Perry, W. M.

    The data of a previous study by the author are examined for sex differences in the solution of geometric originals. The subjects are 53 boys and 36 girls. Although the boys are somewhat higher in general mental ability and in reasoning ability, the girls reach a higher achievement. "Especially were the girls the more superior in responding to those 'link' steps, by means of which they were able to bridge the gap between the given relations (those observed with the pertinent recalled facts...

  • Are gifted girls motivationally disadvantaged? Review, reflection, and redirection

    1/1/02 - Dai, David Yun

    Over the past 2 decades, much research on gifted girls has revolved around the issue of whether they, compared to gifted boys, are motivationally disadvantaged in achievement settings. While research and anecdotal evidence seems to support this hypothesis, most recent educational statistics show the closing of the gender gap. In this article, the literature is reviewed and critiqued as to the existence of alleged gender differences, as well as task and social conditions, and putative...

  • Barriers to School Involvement: Are Immigrant Parents Disadvantaged?

    1/1/09 - Turney, Kristin, Kao, Grace

    Parental involvement at school offers unique opportunities for parents, and this school-based involvement has important implications for children's academic and behavioral outcomes. The authors used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (National Center for Education Statistics, 2001) to examine race and immigrant differences in barriers to parental involvement at school. Minority immigrant parents, compared with native-born parents, reported more barriers to...

  • Burden of acting neither White nor Black: Asian American identities and achievement in urban schools

    1/1/06 - Lew, Jamie

    Ogbu's theory of "burden of acting white" has been one of the most frequently cited studies to explain black and white achievement gap. However, emerging studies have argued that Ogbu's theory may be limited when examining variability of school achievement among black and white students. Research shows that in addition to culture, other social forces, such as class, peer networks, and school context may play a significant role when accounting for minority students' academic aspirations and...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Math: The Long-Term Effects of Eighth-Grade Algebra

    1/1/06 - Spielhagen, Frances R.

    Recent changes in national and state mathematics standards have increased the level of algebraic thinking taught in younger grades. These changes have prompted more inclusive curriculum designs that open the opportunity to enroll in advanced mathematics courses at younger ages. Of particular interest to this study is the access to eighth-grade algebra, once traditionally reserved for select populations. This study examined long-term academic outcomes for students who did or did not enroll in...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Examining the Role of Cognitive Developmental Level in Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Cooper, Jennifer A., Schleser, Robert

    The achievement gap in mathematics between African American and Caucasian students has been observed for several decades, though previous research has been unable to fully explain why the gap exists. Using a sample of 56 kindergarten and first grade students, this study examined the role that cognitive developmental level plays in the achievement gap. Results indicated that African American students scored significantly lower than the Caucasian students on a test of mathematical achievement...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Examining the Role of Cognitive Developmental Level in Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Cooper, Jennifer A., Schleser, Robert

    The achievement gap in mathematics between African American and Caucasian students has been observed for several decades, though previous research has been unable to fully explain why the gap exists. Using a sample of 56 kindergarten and first grade students, this study examined the role that cognitive developmental level plays in the achievement gap. Results indicated that African American students scored significantly lower than the Caucasian students on a test of mathematical achievement...

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