Categories

Tag: background

  • The contributions of poverty and ethnic background to the participation of secondary school students in special education.

    1/1/95 - Wagner, M.
  • The Growing Female Advantage in College Completion: The Role of Family Background and Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Buchmann, Claudia, DiPrete, Thomas A.

    In a few short decades, the gender gap in college completion has reversed from favoring men to favoring women. This study, which is the first to assess broadly the causes of the growing female advantage in college completion, considers the impact of family resources as well as gender differences in academic performance and in the pathways to college completion on the rising gender gap. Analyses of General Social Survey data indicate that the female-favorable trend in college completion...

  • The Impact of an Early Literacy Initiative on the Long Term Academic Success of Diverse Students

    1/1/08 - Zimmerman, Stella SiWan, Rodriguez, Michael C., Rewey, Kirsten L., Heidemann, Sandra L.

    The primary goal of the Words Work (WW) early literacy initiative was to prepare diverse students to become successful learners in school. Four groups of students were followed over 6 years: students from traditional Head Start (HS) centers, students from augmented HS centers (WW students), students eligible for HS but not enrolled (waitlist or WL), and a random sample of non-Head Start students (NHS). Students received school readiness instruction at approximately 4 years of age, and their...

  • The impact of racial and ethnic segregation on the achievement gap in California high schools

    1/1/92 - Rumberger, Russell W., Willms, J. Douglas

    Examined the extent and impact of racial and ethnic segregation in California high schools during the 1988-1989 school year. Using 2 widely used indices of segregation, the extent of segregation was measured in all 784 regular high schools in the state and in all 112 high schools in the 6 largest districts. Segregation was widespread throughout the state, and the extent of segregation varied widely among ethnic groups and among the 6 largest districts. Significant differences were found in...

  • The Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in School Accountability Systems.

    1/1/12 - Harr-Robins, J., Song, M., Hurlburt, S., Pruce, C., Danielson, L., Garet, M., and Taylor, J. , U.S. Department of Education

    Executive Summary Study Background and Research Questions Formerly excluded from measures of educational performance, students with disabilities (SWDs) are now explicitly recognized in federal and state accountability systems. At the national level, the 1997 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) laid the foundation for accountability of SWDs by requiring states to include these students in state and district assessments and to report their participation...

  • The Mean Is Not Enough: Using Quantile Regression to Examine Trends in Asian-White Differences Across the Entire Achievement Distribution

    1/1/09 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Background: In recent years, Asian Americans have been consistently described as a model minority. The high levels of educational achievement and educational attainment are the main determinants for identifying Asian Americans as a model minority. Nonetheless, only a few studies have examined empirically the accomplishments of Asian Americans, and even fewer studies have compared their achievement with other important societal groups such as Whites. In addition, differences in academic...

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    The Nation's Report Card: Reading 2009

    1/31/10 - National Center for Education Statistics,

    "This report presents results of the 2009 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in reading at grades 4 and 8. Results for students in the nation, the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools are reported as average scores and as percentages of students performing at or above three achievement levels: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. Scores are also reported at selected percentiles, showing changes in the performance of lower-, middle-, and...

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    The progress of education reform 2007: Dropout prevention

    1/5/10 - Education Commission of the States,

    While a common assumption is that students drop out of school because of their social background and school behaviors, the findings from these studies demonstrate that schools can exert important organizational effects on students’ decisions to drop out or stay in school. The research included here holds a number of implications for policy

  • The role of migration, family characteristics and English-language ability in Latino academic achievement

    1/1/04 - Johnson-Webb, Karen D.

    Latinos comprise the largest minority group in the U.S. and 63 percent are foreign-born. An educational gap exists between Latinos in the U.S. and other groups in the U.S. Lower educational attainment has ramifications for labor market and other socioeconomic outcomes. Factors involving family context have best explained the educational gap, along with English proficiency and migration history. This study, using the Census long-form data, explores the role of socio-economic background...

  • The Significance of Relationships: Academic Engagement and Achievement Among Newcomer Immigrant Youth

    1/1/09 - SuÁEz-Orozco, Carola, Pimentel, Allyson, Martin, Margary

    Background/Context: Newcomer immigrant students are entering schools in the United States in unprecedented numbers. As they enter new school contexts, they face a number of challenges in their adjustment. Previous literature suggested that relationships in school play a particularly crucial role in promoting socially competent behavior in the classroom and in fostering academic engagement and school performance. Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the role of school-based...

  • Uncertainty and decision making in teaching: Implications for managing line professionals

    1/1/89 - Bacharach, S., Conley, S., T. J. Sergiovanni and J. H. Moore

    Most of this book's 22 chapters were written as background papers that were presented at a national conference on restructuring schooling held at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas, August 18-21, 1987. Framing the chapters of this book is the notion that if rational management systems and theoretical treatises about promoting school excellence do not take into account the realities of the workplace, they will not bring about sustained improvements in our nation's schools. Chapters in...

  • Understanding the Gap in Mathematics Achievement of Malaysian Students

    1/1/09 - Ismail, Noor Azina

    Of 46 countries that participated in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study in 2003 (I. V. S. Mullis, M. O. Martin, E. J. Gonzalez, & S. J. Chrostowski, 2004), Malaysia was ranked 10th in international scores of mathematics achievement for 8th-grade students. The present author aimed to examine the importance of students' home backgrounds, resources for learning, activities, and attitudes toward learning mathematics in accounting for high student achievement in...

  • Unintended Consequences: African American Male Educational Attainment and Collegiate Perceptions After Brown v. Board of Education

    1/1/08 - Dancy, I. I. T. Elon E., Brown, I. I. M. Christopher

    The nexus between educational attainment and collegiate perceptions for African American male undergraduates after Brown v. Board of Education et al.'s are explored in this study. Terenzini Transitions to College interview protocol was used to assess participants' precollege, in-class, and out-of-class experiences in college. A sample of eight African American men representing diverse socioeconomic backgrounds and precollege experiences was interviewed to gauge their sensemaking in two...

  • Unpacking Immigration in Youths' Academic and Occupational Pathways

    1/1/06 - Tseng, Vivian

    This study sought to unpack how immigration is associated with youths' educational choices during the transition to college and adulthood. Surveys and school records were collected on 789 youth (ages 18–25) with Asian Pacific, Latino, African/Afro-Caribbean, and European backgrounds. The results indicated generational differences in educational choices, such that children of immigrants chose courses of study with higher math and science content than that of their peers with U.S.-born...

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    Using School Leadership Teams to Meet the Needs of English Language Learners

    1/24/10 - Movit, M, Petrykowska, I., Woodruff, D.

    To ensure that the implementation of Response to Intervention (RTI) strategies effectively addresses the needs of all students, the National Center on Response to Intervention (NCRTI) recommends that schools and districts establish leadership teams that focus on issues affecting culturally and linguistically diverse students. New leadership teams can be added to what already exists, or current leadership teams can be refocused on these issues. Leadership teams should meet regularly and...

  • When Are Racial Disparities in Education the Result of Racial Discrimination? A Social Science Perspective

    1/1/03 - Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin

    In this article I seek to answer the question, "When are racial disparities in education the result of racial discrimination?" To answer it I synthesize the social science research on racially correlated disparities in education. My review draws from the sociology, anthropology, political science, psychology, history, and education literatures. I organize explanations into six categories: biological determinism, social structure, school organization and opportunities to learn, family...

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