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Tag: background

  • Practical Behavior Management Techniques to Close the Accessibility Gap for Students Who Are Culturally and Linguistically Diverse

    1/1/08 - Cartledge, Gwendolyn, Singh, Angella, Gibson, Lenwood

    Students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are disproportionately identified for special education in the most restrictive placements. These students tend to have the least access to the general education curriculum and experience the greatest levels of school failure. Educators see an obvious need to change this pattern. These students would benefit most from positive, proactive interventions that enable them to adjust to their school's culture and to master the...

  • Practical Guidelines for the Enducation of English Language Learners: Research-based recommendations for the use of accommodations in large-scale assessments

    1/1/06 - Francis, D.J., Rivera, M., Lesaux, N., Kieffer, M., & Rivera, H. , U.S. Department of Education

    The fundamental principles underlying the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001focus on high standards of learning and instruction with the goal of increasing academic achievement—reading and math in particular—within all identified subgroups in the K-12 population. One of these subgroups is the growing population of English Language Learners (ELLs). NCLB has increased awareness of the academic needs and achievement of ELLs as schools, districts, and states are held accountable for...

  • Preschool antecedents of mathematics achievement of Latinos: The influence of family resources, early literacy experiences, and preschool attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen, Reese, Leslie

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

  • Race, cultural capital and educational resources: Persistent inequalities and achievement returns

    1/1/99 - Roscigno, Vincent J., Ainsworth-Darnell, James W.

    Examined the extent to which Black and White students differ in cultural capital and household educational resources, the mediating role these attributes may play between family background and racial disparities in academic achievement, and whether educational returns vary by racial group. Data were obtained from the National Education Longitudinal Survey (1990) of 16,189 10th graders (83.6% White, 16.4% Black). The findings of a statistical analysis show that significant racial variations...

  • School readiness of children of immigrants: Does parental involvement play a role?

    1/1/08 - Lahaie, Claudia

    Objectives: Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey—Kindergarten Cohort, this article analyzes the link between parental involvement and the school readiness of children of immigrants. Methods: Multivariate regression models estimate the association between parental involvement and the school readiness in English proficiency and math scores of children of immigrants. They also estimate the impact of this association on the gap in math scores between children of...

  • Standardized Achievement Tests and English Language Learners: Psychometrics Issues

    1/1/02 - Abedi, Jamal

    Using existing data from several locations across the U.S., this study examined the impact of students' language background on the outcome of achievement tests. The results of the analyses indicated that students' assessment results might be confounded by their language background variables. English language learners (ELLs) generally perform lower than non-ELL students on reading, science, and math--a strong indication of the impact of English language proficiency on assessment. Moreover...

  • Student Background and Student Achievement: What Is the Right Question?

    1/1/05 - Heyneman, Stephen P.

    For half a century there have been reports that children of the poor or of some ethnic minorities on average perform worse in school. Some have suggested that these findings demonstrate a failing of education to reduce gaps in adult income and differences in adult socioeconomic status. This article reviews the research internationally and concludes that the debate is outdated. School children in the United States make up only 2 percent of the world's school children. When considering this...

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    Teacher Perspectives of School-Level Implementation of Alternate Assessments for Students With Significant Cognitive Disabilities

    1/28/10 - Renée Cameto, Frances Bergland, Anne-Marie Knokey, Katherine M. Nagle, Christopher Sanford, Sara C. Kalb, Jose Blackorby , Beth Sinclair, Derek L. Riley, Moreiça Ortega

    "Read about teachers' perspectives on school-level implementation of alternate assessments in a national study released by the National Center for Special Education Research. This study included more than 400 teachers of students with significant cognitive disabilities from three states. The report provides information on the background and experiences of teachers of students with significant cognitive disabilities, the skills and characteristics of the students they teach, and their...

  • The 2007 Charles H. Thompson Lecture-Colloquium Presentation: Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    A study investigated the ways in which race is implicated to deal with the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Based on the evaluation of theoretical and historical issues that have framed the association between race and intellectual ability, this analysis provided an explanation of why the effort to close the achievement gap was politically and socially significant. To demonstrate why some schools are making progress in closing the achievement gap while others are not, the efforts of two...

  • The academic trajectories of children of immigrants and their school environments

    1/1/08 - Han, Wen-Jui

    Data from approximately 14,000 children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey--Kindergarten Cohort were analyzed to examine the associations between children's immigrant status and their academic trajectories from kindergarten to 3rd grade, with particular attention to the effects of school environments. Growth curve modeling results indicated that most children of Latin American origin improved their reading and math scores faster than non-Hispanic White children, thus narrowing their...

  • The black-white "achievement gap" as a perennial challenge of urban science education: a sociocultural and historical overview with implications for research and practice

    1/1/01 - Norman, Obed, Ault, Charles R., Jr., Bentz, Bonnie

    A perennial challenge for urban education in the United States is finding effective ways to address the academic achievement gap between African American and White students. There is widespread and justified concern about the persistence of the achievement gap. In fact, historical evidence suggests that this achievement gap has existed at various times for groups other than African Americans. What conditions prevailed when this achievement gap existed for these other groups? Conversely...

  • The Black-White "achievement gap" as a perennial challenge of urban science education: A sociocultural and historical overview with implications for research and practice

    1/1/01 - Norman, Obed, Ault, Charles R., Jr., Bentz, Bonnie, Meskimen, Lloyd

    Explores the academic achievement gap between African American and White students in urban science classrooms. History shows that this gap existed for groups other than African Americans. The authors examine how historical and sociocultural factors in the manifestation and eventual disappearance of the gap for these groups may shed light on the present problem. The authors conclude that the sociocultural position of groups is crucial to understanding the scholastic performance of students...

  • The black-white gap in mathematics course taking

    1/1/09 - Kelly, Sean

    Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study, this study investigated differences in the mathematics course taking of white and black students. Because of lower levels of achievement, prior course taking, and lower socioeconomic status, black students are much more likely than are white students to be enrolled in low-track mathematics courses by the 10th grade. Using multilevel models for categorical outcomes, the study found that the black white gap in mathematics course taking...

  • The Black-White Gap in Mathematics Course Taking

    1/1/09 - Kelly, Sean

    Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study, this study investigated differences in the mathematics course taking of white and black students. Because of lower levels of achievement, prior course taking, and lower socioeconomic status, black students are much more likely than are white students to be enrolled in low-track mathematics courses by the 10th grade. Using multilevel models for categorical outcomes, the study found that the black-white gap in mathematics course taking...

  • The Black–White test score gap and early home environment

    1/1/09 - Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean, Pfeiffer, Kathryn M.

    Based on panel data for three age cohorts of children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine how early home environment contributes to black–white achievement gaps at different developmental stages and the extent to which early gaps contribute to later racial achievement gaps. We find large black–white test score differences among children of all ages even before children start formal schooling. Except for the oldest cohort, the gaps for all tests widened when...

  • The black–white test score gap and early home environment

    1/1/09 - Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean, Pfeiffer, Kathryn M.

    Based on panel data for three age cohorts of children from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine how early home environment contributes to black¿white achievement gaps at different developmental stages and the extent to which early gaps contribute to later racial achievement gaps. We find large black¿white test score differences among children of all ages even before children start formal schooling. Except for the oldest cohort, the gaps for all tests widened when children¿s...

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