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  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Lessons From Illinois' Golden Spike High-Poverty High-Performing Schools

    1/1/04 - McGee, Glenn W.

    The achievement gap is the single most critical issue in American education. This study illustrates the difference in academic performance between low-income children and their peers, between minority children and their classmates, and between those schools that serve a majority of children from low-income families and those that serve a more advantaged population. Using a research framework, the author identifies and examines Golden Spike schools-Illinois schools that have a sustained...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: The Association of Racial Climate with Achievement and Behavioral Outcomes

    1/1/07 - Mattison, Erica, Aber, Mark

    This study investigated the relationship between school racial climate and students’ self-reports of academic and discipline outcomes, including whether racial climate mediated and/or moderated the relationship between race and outcomes. Using the Racial Climate Survey-High School Version (M. Aber et al., unpublished), data were gathered from African American ( n = 382) and European American students ( n = 1456) regarding their perceptions of racial climate. About 18% of the respondents...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: The Experience of a Middle School

    1/1/07 - Larocque, Michelle

    The accountability imperative requires schools to evaluate the effectiveness of educational programs. Florida answered the accountability imperative by instituting statewide objective assessments and assigning grades to schools. The latter move led to several initiatives concerning the practices that improve schools in Florida. This article describes how leadership, community involvement, data-driven decision making, and the celebration of diversity reversed a negative trend in the academic...

  • Closing the Gap With Summer Reading

    1/1/09 - Metz, Steve

    The author emphasizes the value of summer reading programs to students. He claimed that summer learning or reading programs are an essential factor in student learning. He cited a research on the achievement gap between lower- and higher-income youth which can be attributed to access to summer learning programs. The author argued that summer reading should be an integral part of lifelong learning and personal growth.

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • Coincidence or conspiracy? Whiteness, policy and the persistence of the Black/White achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gillborn, David

    Adopting an approach shaped by critical race theory (CRT) the paper proposes a radical analysis of the nature of race inequality in the English educational system. Focusing on the relative achievements of White school leavers and their Black (African Caribbean) peers, it is argued that long standing Black/White inequalities have been obscured by a disproportionate focus on students in receipt of free school meals (FSMs). Simultaneously the media increasingly present Whites as race victims...

  • Confronting Racism in Literacy Education and Research

    1/1/05 - Edmondson, Jacqueline

    Reviews the book "Literacy and Racial Justice: The Politics of Learning After Brown v. Board of Education," by Catherine Prendergast (2003). Closing the achievement gap is a central and explicit aim of current federal decisions. The achievement gap has direct and specific implications for literacy education and research. By linking reading with eventual success in school and other aspects of life, the Bush administration and Congress continue the assumption that reading well will guarantee...

  • Confronting the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Gardner, David

    The article gives an in-depth look at the achievement gap in the United States educational system in terms of racial divisions. Claims that the gap does not exist are denounced by the author, citing problems of unequal funding and inherent racial prejudices still present in the system. Sociological causes for the discrepancy are listed, such as poverty, generational ideologies and long term effects from racist historical practices. The confrontation of these issues on a national level are...

  • Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    This article explores the ways in which race is implicated in efforts to address the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Through an analysis of the theoretical and historical issues that have framed the relationship between race and intellectual ability, the author explains why the effort to close the achievement gap is politically and socially significant. The efforts of two suburban school districts to address the achievement gap is presented to illustrate why some schools are making progress...

  • Cultural and Interpersonal Factors Affecting African American Academic Performance in Higher Education: A Review and Synthesis of the Research Literature

    1/1/05 - Rovai, Alfred P., Gallien, Louis B., Jr., Wighting, Mervyn J.

    The disparity in educational outcomes between majority White and minority African American populations has become known as the African American achievement gap. The authors examine the under performance of African American university students by providing an overview of the major cultural, communication, and learning style characteristics of Black students and the schooling conditions and practices at predominantly White universities. By not teaching based on diversity, professors may be...

  • Culture Shift: Teaching in a Learner-Centered Environment Powered by Digital Learning

    1/1/12 - Wolf, M.A.

    The increasingly global economy and complex world have changed the demands on the U.S. education system. Unlike in the irst half of the twentieth century, today all students must be able to think critically, communicate effectively, collaborate with others, and analyze information and sources while meeting rigorous benchmarks, such as those contained in the common core state standards.1 The percentage of jobs in the United States requiring postsecondary education has grown from 28 percent to...

  • Development of the Literacy Achievement Gap: A Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Through Third Grade

    1/1/07 - Foster, Wayne A., Miller, Merideth

    Purpose: The major goal of this study was to specify the developmental trajectories for phonics and early text comprehension skills of children from kindergarten through third grade. Method: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (N = 12,261) were used in this study. The participants were divided into 3 school readiness groups based on an assessment of literacy skill development at the time of entrance into kindergarten. The different groups were tracked on phonics and text...

  • Disparities in Academic Achievement and Health: The Intersection of Child Education and Health Policy

    1/1/09 - Fiscella, Kevin, Kitzman, Harriet

    Recent data suggest that that the United States is failing to make significant progress toward the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities. One missing element from the US strategy for achieving this goal is a focus on gaps in child development and achievement. Academic achievement and education seem to be critical determinants of health across the life span and disparities in one contribute to disparities in the other. Despite these linkages, national policy treats child...

  • Disparities Within: Unequal Spending and Achievement in an Urban School District

    1/1/03 - Condron, Dennis J., Roscigno, Vincent J.

    The debate over whether educational spending shapes achievement has persisted for decades, largely because of methodological and analytical limitations associated with the use of district-level data. In this study, the authors analyzed unique within-district variations in spending and achievement among 89 public elementary schools in a large, North Central, urban district. The analyses reveal considerable disparities in spending within the district, which are linked to local patterns of...

  • Disparities Within: Unequal Spending and Achievement in an Urban School District

    1/1/03 - Condron, Dennis J., Roscigno, Vincent J.

    The debate over whether educational spending shapes achievement has persisted for decades, largely because of methodological and analytical limitations associated with the use of district-level data. In this study, the authors analyzed unique within-district variations in spending and achievement among 89 public elementary schools in a large, North Central, urban district. The analyses reveal considerable disparities in spending within the district, which are linked to local patterns of...

  • Districtwide Instructional Reform: Using Sociocultural Theory to Link Professional Learning to Organizational Support

    1/1/08 - Gallucci, Chrysan

    No Child Left Behind Act accountability pressures and calls to close achievement gaps between groups of students have challenged school districts to achieve systemwide instructional improvement. These policies create learning challenges for classroom teachers and for school and district leaders. This article engages questions about organizational support for professional learning in the context of reform initiatives. A theoretical lens--called the Vygotsky Space--is used to analyze case...

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