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    Underperforming schools and the education of vulnerable children and youth

    1/2/09 - Lisa Walker, Cheryl Smithgall

    "This brief presents findings from several Chapin Hall studies on vulnerable children and youth to raise the issue of what it would mean to improve academic achievement in underperforming schools. Vulnerable children and youth are those who experience crises or disruptions in their lives, often accompanied by parental absence or inability to meet their needs, such that they are likely to become involved with public systems. The brief provides evidence that a disproportionate number of these...

  • UNDERSTANDING HOW U.S. SECONDARY SCHOOLS SORT STUDENTS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL PURPOSES: ARE ALL STUDENTS BEING SERVED EQUALLY?

    1/1/08 - Mayer, Anysia

    This article reviews the current research literature on how secondary schools sort students for instructional purposes. Current sorting practices are based on early American philosophies of schooling where the goal of school was to provide students with different curricula based on preparation for future occupations. The article reviews the research on the educational consequences of tracking as well as the processes school's use to place students in various courses. The article also...

  • Understanding the Gap in Mathematics Achievement of Malaysian Students

    1/1/09 - Ismail, Noor Azina

    Of 46 countries that participated in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study in 2003 (I. V. S. Mullis, M. O. Martin, E. J. Gonzalez, & S. J. Chrostowski, 2004), Malaysia was ranked 10th in international scores of mathematics achievement for 8th-grade students. The present author aimed to examine the importance of students' home backgrounds, resources for learning, activities, and attitudes toward learning mathematics in accounting for high student achievement in...

  • Unintended Consequences: African American Male Educational Attainment and Collegiate Perceptions After Brown v. Board of Education

    1/1/08 - Dancy, I. I. T. Elon E., Brown, I. I. M. Christopher

    The nexus between educational attainment and collegiate perceptions for African American male undergraduates after Brown v. Board of Education et al.'s are explored in this study. Terenzini Transitions to College interview protocol was used to assess participants' precollege, in-class, and out-of-class experiences in college. A sample of eight African American men representing diverse socioeconomic backgrounds and precollege experiences was interviewed to gauge their sensemaking in two...

  • Unpacking Immigration in Youths' Academic and Occupational Pathways

    1/1/06 - Tseng, Vivian

    This study sought to unpack how immigration is associated with youths' educational choices during the transition to college and adulthood. Surveys and school records were collected on 789 youth (ages 18–25) with Asian Pacific, Latino, African/Afro-Caribbean, and European backgrounds. The results indicated generational differences in educational choices, such that children of immigrants chose courses of study with higher math and science content than that of their peers with U.S.-born...

  • Urban School Achievement Gap as a Metaphor to Conceal U.S. Apartheid Education

    1/1/07 - Cross, Beverly E.

    This article uses the metaphor of the achievement gap to make transparent, discuss, and critique the analytical frame/lens used in the articles to analyze urban education. Doing such an analysis is essential to producing an additional lens that has utility in theory and practice. It facilitates a historical analysis of urban education and leads to creating an argument for the new frame in advancing future work in urban education. This will not represent a response to the articles in the...

  • Using Storytelling to Break the Silence That Binds Us to Sameness in Our Schools

    1/1/06 - Caruthers, Loyce

    This qualitative study explores storytelling as a staff development strategy to break the silence surrounding cultural difference in schools and to view differences as key elements of teaching and learning. Stories, interviews, and observations were the data for constructing meaning of existing school cultures with a long history of promoting reform without attention to constructs of race/ethnicity, class, and gender. Findings suggested that (a) stories of urban educators contain historical...

  • What does the Research tell us about Teachers Leadership?

    1/1/05 - York-Barr, J. & Duke, K.

    In this age of high accountability, teacher quality is York-Barr, J., & Duke, K. (2004). What do we know receiving more attention than ever before. Research about teacher leadership? Findings from two decades that investigates ways to increase teacher quality is of scholarship. Review of Educational Research 74(3), much needed, making this study a timely addition 255–316. to the literature. Although increases in student achievement related to teacher quality have yet to be...

  • What's on Your Nation's Report Card?

    1/1/07 - Norton Iii, Anderson H.

    The article discusses the mathematics problems used on the U.S.'s National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), also known as the Nation's Report Card. The author focuses on a constructed-response item, designed to reveal students' problem-solving abilities and conceptual understanding, and uses it to illustrate how a different interpretation of students' responses can reveal more about their reasoning and lead to a different assessment. He discusses aspects of student responses that...

  • Which Achievement Gap?

    1/1/07 - Anderson, Sharon, Medrich, Elliott, Fowler, Donna

    The article explores the nature of the achievement gap and its relationship to Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). The author suggests that while racial elements are certainly present, the common understanding of the gap should extend beyond racial reconciliation and aim at all students which struggle in documented areas. It is implied that the NCLB and AYP set up unfair comparisons between schools at different levels of development. Paradigms...

  • Why Study the U.S. South? The Nexus of Race and Place in Investigating Black Student Achievement

    1/1/09 - Morris, Jerome E., Monroe, Carla R.

    This article highlights the significance of the U.S. South in scholarly discussions regarding the academic achievement gap involving Black students. Despite national concern, patterns embedded in Black student achievement as related to geographical influences generally are ignored, especially in the South, where the majority of Black people in the United States reside. The authors refine the scholarship on the Black-White achievement gap through an analysis of racialized national spaces and...

  • “The Information Gap?”

    1/1/06 - Teske, Paul, Fitzpatrick, Jody, Kaplan, Gabriel

    While the “achievement gap” generally and appropriately focuses upon gaps in test scores and other outcome measures, there may also be an “information gap” between higher and lower income parents that creates a disadvantage for lower income families in choosing good schools. In this article, we examine the extent to which there is such a gap, with a focus on data from a new survey of low- and moderate-income parents who have made school choices. We find that, at least in relatively...

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