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  • The Educational Status of African American Males in the 21st Century

    1/1/07 - Garibaldi, Antoine M.

    This article assesses the educational attainment of African American males between the 1990s and early 2000s. Beginning with a summary of a 1987-88 study conducted by the author on African American males in the New Orleans Public Schools, national data are provided on the high school graduation rates of African American males and females, as well as trends in their enrollment and degree completion at the undergraduate, graduate and first-professional levels. The data show a growing...

  • The Effects of School Racial and Ethnic Composition on Academic Achievement During Adolescence

    1/1/07 - Lee, Hedwig

    This research examines the effects of school racial and ethnic composition on students' academic achievement in the U.S. using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and hierarchical linear models. This analysis includes Hispanics, which stands apart from other research in this area that has traditionally focused on only Black and White student racial composition. In addition, peer group influences are measured by utilizing the comprehensive peer network data available for all...

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    The Family: America’s Smallest School

    1/1/10 - Barton, P. & Coley, R.

    The authors of this report examine many facets of children’s home environment and experiences that foster cognitive development and school achievement, from birth throughout the period of formal schooling. They stress that we should think of strengthening the roles of both schools and families, that schools need parents and communities as allies, and that recognizing the importance of the role families play should in no way lessen the need to improve schools. The report also reveals the...

  • The Historiography of Gender and Progressive Education in the United States

    1/1/06 - Weiler, Kathleen

    This article examines the feminist historiography of the progressive education movement over the past 25 years using the Foucauldian conception of genealogy and the theoretical approach of critical feminism. Gender has largely been ignored as a significant category of historical analysis in the historiography of progressive education in the United States. The defining history of progressive education in the United States is still Lawrence Cremin’s 1961 work, The Transformation of the...

  • The Impact of an Early Literacy Initiative on the Long Term Academic Success of Diverse Students

    1/1/08 - Zimmerman, Stella SiWan, Rodriguez, Michael C., Rewey, Kirsten L., Heidemann, Sandra L.

    The primary goal of the Words Work (WW) early literacy initiative was to prepare diverse students to become successful learners in school. Four groups of students were followed over 6 years: students from traditional Head Start (HS) centers, students from augmented HS centers (WW students), students eligible for HS but not enrolled (waitlist or WL), and a random sample of non-Head Start students (NHS). Students received school readiness instruction at approximately 4 years of age, and their...

  • THE IMPACT OF CULTURAL BIASES ON AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDENTS' EDUCATION

    1/1/05 - Baker, Paula Booker

    Education, at all levels, opens routes to achieve higher incomes, status advancement, and upward social mobility. The goal for most families is to present an opportunity for their children to receive a jump on acquiring knowledge to afford this achievement. Schools within our education system declare they offer a quality education for African American students. This concept will be examined along with the research that maintains schooling for African American students is deliberately...

  • The Impact of Neighborhood Disadvantage on the Black-White Achievement Gap

    1/1/09 - Lee, Moosung, Madyun, Na'im

    Contextual analysis of the achievement gap has gained much momentum within the last few decades. This study furthers the discourse by examining the applicability of 2 sociological contextual development approaches on achievement. We analyzed 79 neighborhoods organized by the level of crime and poverty from both a social disorganization and social mobilization perspective. We found that the social mobilization perspective was more consistent with the experiences of Black students, whereas...

  • The Matter of Dropouts

    1/1/09 - Ramirez, A. L., Carpenter, Dick

    The article discusses how examining the diversity of students can help reduce the achievement gap. The authors suggest that the achievement gap is more complex than a divide between white and minority students and comment on differences in achievement within ethnic and racial groups. They describe research which reveals that ethnicity did not affect dropout risks and suggest that gaps exist within ethnic groups based on factors such as socioeconomic status, amount of algebra studied, work in...

  • The Mean Is Not Enough: Using Quantile Regression to Examine Trends in Asian-White Differences Across the Entire Achievement Distribution

    1/1/09 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Background: In recent years, Asian Americans have been consistently described as a model minority. The high levels of educational achievement and educational attainment are the main determinants for identifying Asian Americans as a model minority. Nonetheless, only a few studies have examined empirically the accomplishments of Asian Americans, and even fewer studies have compared their achievement with other important societal groups such as Whites. In addition, differences in academic...

  • THE NEW FEDERALISM GOES TO COURT

    1/1/83 - Kirp, David L., Jensen, Donald N.

    The great era of court-mandated educational reform coincided with a more prosperous period in U.S. history, maintain the authors. Different circumstances exist today. The heyday of educational policy making by the courts seems to be over. The landmark events, the desegregation cases, the opinions on student rights, the right-to-education suits, occurred a decade or more ago. The United States Supreme Court signaled that there were limits to the willingness of the judiciary to reshape policy...

  • The new meaning of educational change

    1/1/91 - Fullan, M.

    This book has been greatly revised and expanded to make it a definitive up-to-date reference for educational innovators involved in educational reform. Sixteen chapters incorporate new theoretical and empirical knowledge about change processes, provide powerful insights into the complexity of reform, and recommend inspiring and practical strategies for lasting improvement: (1) "A Brief History of Educational Change"; (2) "Sources of Educational Change"; (3) "The Meaning of Educational...

  • The Pedagogy of Poverty

    1/1/05

    The article presents the editor's introduction to the December 2005 edition of "Phi Delta Kappan." The author introduces an article on segregation in the American school system by Jonathan Kozol. An article on the issue of discrimination in schooling from the September 1990 issue is reviewed. According to the author, the racial achievement gap in America has not disappeared.

  • The Relationships of Peer Norms, Ethnic Identity, and Peer Support to School Engagement in Urban Youth

    1/1/07 - Shin, Richard, Daly, Bryan, Vera, Elizabeth

    Investigating variables associated with the school success and educational resilience of urban youth of color should be a high priority because of the persistent achievement gap in the United States. The current study examined individual and peer factors' relation to the school engagement of 132 seventh- and eighth-grade students from a diverse public elementary school in a large Midwestern city. The participants ranged in age from 12 to 15 years old. In this study, positive peer norms, peer...

  • The Role of Cognition, Motivation, and Emotion in Explaining the Mathematics Achievement Gap Between Hispanic and White Students

    1/1/06 - Stevens, Tara, Olivárez, Arturo, Jr., Hamman, Doug

    The authors investigated the relationships between cognitive, motivational, and emotional variables across Hispanic and White students to predict mathematics performance. A theoretically based structural model fit a total sample of 666 4th- to 10th-grade students well, supporting that self-efficacy, sources of self-efficacy, and emotional feedback were all stronger predictors of mathematics performance than general mental ability. Tests of the structural model across ethnicity suggested a...

  • The Significance of Relationships: Academic Engagement and Achievement Among Newcomer Immigrant Youth

    1/1/09 - SuÁEz-Orozco, Carola, Pimentel, Allyson, Martin, Margary

    Background/Context: Newcomer immigrant students are entering schools in the United States in unprecedented numbers. As they enter new school contexts, they face a number of challenges in their adjustment. Previous literature suggested that relationships in school play a particularly crucial role in promoting socially competent behavior in the classroom and in fostering academic engagement and school performance. Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the role of school-based...

  • The Structure and Culture of Information Pathways: Rethinking Opportunity to Learn in Urban High Schools during the Ninth Grade Transition

    1/1/07 - Cooper, Robert, Liou, Daniel D.

    Despite efforts to bridge the racial achievement gap, far too many school children continue to fare poorly in our nation's public schools. Oftentimes urban and low income students are negatively labeled as low-achieving, disadvantaged, and struggling. Because of this, such students frequently receive inferior or deficient information from school officials. This study examines the role of high school counselors as distributors of information and the role they play in influencing students'...

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