Categories

Tag: applies

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Examining the Role of Cognitive Developmental Level in Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Cooper, Jennifer, Schleser, Robert

    The achievement gap in mathematics between African American and Caucasian students has been observed for several decades, though previous research has been unable to fully explain why the gap exists. Using a sample of 56 kindergarten and first grade students, this study examined the role that cognitive developmental level plays in the achievement gap. Results indicated that African American students scored significantly lower than the Caucasian students on a test of mathematical achievement...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Lessons From Illinois' Golden Spike High-Poverty High-Performing Schools

    1/1/04 - McGee, Glenn W.

    The achievement gap is the single most critical issue in American education. This study illustrates the difference in academic performance between low-income children and their peers, between minority children and their classmates, and between those schools that serve a majority of children from low-income families and those that serve a more advantaged population. Using a research framework, the author identifies and examines Golden Spike schools-Illinois schools that have a sustained...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: The Association of Racial Climate with Achievement and Behavioral Outcomes

    1/1/07 - Mattison, Erica, Aber, Mark

    This study investigated the relationship between school racial climate and students’ self-reports of academic and discipline outcomes, including whether racial climate mediated and/or moderated the relationship between race and outcomes. Using the Racial Climate Survey-High School Version (M. Aber et al., unpublished), data were gathered from African American ( n = 382) and European American students ( n = 1456) regarding their perceptions of racial climate. About 18% of the respondents...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: The Experience of a Middle School

    1/1/07 - Larocque, Michelle

    The accountability imperative requires schools to evaluate the effectiveness of educational programs. Florida answered the accountability imperative by instituting statewide objective assessments and assigning grades to schools. The latter move led to several initiatives concerning the practices that improve schools in Florida. This article describes how leadership, community involvement, data-driven decision making, and the celebration of diversity reversed a negative trend in the academic...

  • Closing the Gap: Enhancing Student Outcomes in an Urban Professional Development School

    1/1/04 - Klingner, Janette K., Leftwich, Suzette, van Garderen, Delinda

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an account of changes in student achievement at one urban elementary school involved in an eight-year partnership with a University. The school first became involved with the University through a research project designed to support the school's efforts at restructuring and soon became a full-fledged Professional Development School (PDS). Students' scores on high-stakes assessment measures were the primary data sources. These scores are presented in...

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • Coincidence or conspiracy? Whiteness, policy and the persistence of the Black/White achievement gap

    1/1/08 - Gillborn, David

    Adopting an approach shaped by critical race theory (CRT) the paper proposes a radical analysis of the nature of race inequality in the English educational system. Focusing on the relative achievements of White school leavers and their Black (African Caribbean) peers, it is argued that long standing Black/White inequalities have been obscured by a disproportionate focus on students in receipt of free school meals (FSMs). Simultaneously the media increasingly present Whites as race victims...

  • Communicating and teaching: Applied communication theory for teacher educators.

    1/1/95 - Jacobs, R. M. , , M. J. O'Hair & S. J. O.
  • Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    This article explores the ways in which race is implicated in efforts to address the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Through an analysis of the theoretical and historical issues that have framed the relationship between race and intellectual ability, the author explains why the effort to close the achievement gap is politically and socially significant. The efforts of two suburban school districts to address the achievement gap is presented to illustrate why some schools are making progress...

  • Culture Shift: Teaching in a Learner-Centered Environment Powered by Digital Learning

    1/1/12 - Wolf, M.A.

    The increasingly global economy and complex world have changed the demands on the U.S. education system. Unlike in the irst half of the twentieth century, today all students must be able to think critically, communicate effectively, collaborate with others, and analyze information and sources while meeting rigorous benchmarks, such as those contained in the common core state standards.1 The percentage of jobs in the United States requiring postsecondary education has grown from 28 percent to...

  • pdf

    Desegregation and the achievement gap: Do diverse peers help?

    1/5/09 - Jane Cooley

    "Understanding peer effects is critical to evaluating the impact of de facto public school segregation on the achievement of white and nonwhite students. Using a unique panel data set of North Carolina public elementary school students, I estimate a model of achievement production that incorporates heterogeneous responses by students at different points of the achievement distribution, while also allowing for peer spillovers to vary across races and for the formation of different race-based...

  • Development of the Literacy Achievement Gap: A Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Through Third Grade

    1/1/07 - Foster, Wayne A., Miller, Merideth

    Purpose: The major goal of this study was to specify the developmental trajectories for phonics and early text comprehension skills of children from kindergarten through third grade. Method: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (N = 12,261) were used in this study. The participants were divided into 3 school readiness groups based on an assessment of literacy skill development at the time of entrance into kindergarten. The different groups were tracked on phonics and text...

  • Disparities in Academic Achievement and Health: The Intersection of Child Education and Health Policy

    1/1/09 - Fiscella, Kevin, Kitzman, Harriet

    Recent data suggest that that the United States is failing to make significant progress toward the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities. One missing element from the US strategy for achieving this goal is a focus on gaps in child development and achievement. Academic achievement and education seem to be critical determinants of health across the life span and disparities in one contribute to disparities in the other. Despite these linkages, national policy treats child...

  • Districtwide Instructional Reform: Using Sociocultural Theory to Link Professional Learning to Organizational Support

    1/1/08 - Gallucci, Chrysan

    No Child Left Behind Act accountability pressures and calls to close achievement gaps between groups of students have challenged school districts to achieve systemwide instructional improvement. These policies create learning challenges for classroom teachers and for school and district leaders. This article engages questions about organizational support for professional learning in the context of reform initiatives. A theoretical lens--called the Vygotsky Space--is used to analyze case...

  • Do Small Classes Reduce the Achievement Gap between Low and High Achievers? Evidence from Project STAR

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Given that previous findings on the social distribution of the effects of small classes have been mixed and inconclusive, in the present study I attempted to shed light on the mechanism through which small classes affect the achievement of low- and high-achieving students. I used data from a 4-year, large-scale, randomized experiment (project STAR) to examine the effects of small classes on the achievement gap. The sample consisted of nearly 11,000 elementary school students who participated...

  • Effects of single-sex and coeducational schooling on the gender gap in educational achievement

    1/1/08 - Gibb, Sheree J., Fergusson, David M., Horwood, L. John

    This study examined the effects of single-sex and coeducational schooling on the gender gap in educational achievement to age 25. Data were drawn from the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1265 individuals born in 1977 in Christchurch, New Zealand. After adjustment for a series of covariates related to school choice, there were significant differences between single-sex and coeducational schools in the size and direction of the gender gap...

(132 Results) Page:  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Log In | Privacy Policy | Contact Us