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Tag: administrators

  • Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Education: What Do We know, How Do We Know It, and What Do We Need to Know?

    1/1/03 - Farkas, George

    This paper reviews what we have learned about racial discrepancies in education, with particular attention to those that might be attributable to discrimination. Empirical studies have found that, on average, African American, Latino, and American Indian children arrive at kindergarten or first grade with lower levels of oral language, prereading, and premathematics skills, as well as lesser general knowledge, than that possessed by White and Asian American children. African American...

  • Racial Disparities and Discrimination in Education: What Do We Know, How Do We Know It, and What Do We Need to Know?

    1/1/03 - Farkas, George

    This paper reviews what we have learned about racial discrepancies in education, with particular attention to those that might be attributable to discrimination. Empirical studies have found that, on average, African American, Latino, and American Indian children arrive at kindergarten or first grade with lower levels of oral language, prereading, and premathematics skills, as well as lesser general knowledge, than that possessed by White and Asian American children. African American...

  • Uncertainty and decision making in teaching: Implications for managing line professionals

    1/1/89 - Bacharach, S., Conley, S., T. J. Sergiovanni and J. H. Moore

    Most of this book's 22 chapters were written as background papers that were presented at a national conference on restructuring schooling held at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas, August 18-21, 1987. Framing the chapters of this book is the notion that if rational management systems and theoretical treatises about promoting school excellence do not take into account the realities of the workplace, they will not bring about sustained improvements in our nation's schools. Chapters in...

  • "PRACTICING WHAT WE PREACH: AN ARGUMENT FOR COOPERATIVE LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATORS"

    1/1/05 - Coke, Pamela K.

    Van Allen (1996) supports a paradigm shift in how Americans think about education, from a view of school as hierarchy to school as continuum. While the relationship between elementary and secondary education is not always visible, teachers can model cooperative learning for students by working as a team across grade levels to solve problems, complete tasks, and accomplish common goals, such as reducing gaps and redundancies in education. Schools could respond more productively to elementary...

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    A child by any other name

    1/16/09 - Kate Scorgie

    "For fifteen years I have been listening to the stories of parents of children with disabilities. Typically these stories begin with accounts of academic struggle or classroom behavior issues, followed by numerous meetings with teachers, administrators and counselors, a barrage of assessments and, finally, a diagnosis-and a label."

  • A new wave of evidence

    1/1/02 - Anne T. Henderson & Karen L. Mapp

    Many policymakers, administrators, and funders ask for evidence that parents' involvement helps student achievements, including test scores. This report provides some useful answers.

  • Addressing Over- Representation of American Students in Special Education: The Preferral Intervention process

    1/1/02

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act(IDEA) is designed to ensure that the students with disabilities receive a free appropriate public education.

  • Bridging the gap: aligning current practice and evolving expectations for middle years literacy programs

    1/1/98 - Hosking, Neville J., Teberg, Ann S.

    The writers present a summary of the goals and philosophies of a student-centered, middle school literacy program. They profile the evolving view of middle years literacy programs, discuss the results of a teacher survey exploring the gaps between the evolving view of effective middle years literacy programs and teachers' perceptions of their current practice, and provide a model of support that offers direction and flexibility designed to help teachers and administrators achieve successful...

  • Civil Rights and Community Groups Applaud DOJ/DOE Race and School Discipline Guidance for Schools

    1/8/14 - Farmer, Jennifer

    A coalition of national civil rights and youth and parent community groups today applauded the Obama Administration for issuing first-of-its-kind legal guidance to address racial discrimination in school discipline.

  • Closing the Achievement Gap Through Evidence-Based Inquiry at Multiple Levels of the Education System

    1/1/07 - Timperley, Helen S., Parr, Judy M.

    A national literacy professional development project reduced the achievement gap for students experiencing difficulties in reading or writing in 91 of New Zealand's schools. It was based on two premises: coherence within and between the multiple levels of the schooling and educational administration systems and a focus on evidence-informed inquiry into effectiveness at each level of the system. Over the 2 years of the project's operation, these two premises interacted in ways that led to...

  • Closing the achievement gap through evidence-based inquiry at multiple levels of the education system

    1/1/08 - Timperley, Helen S., Parr, Judy M.

    A national literacy professional development project reduced the achievement gap for students experiencing difficulties in reading or writing in 91 of New Zealand's schools. It was based on two premises: coherence within and between the multiple levels of the schooling and educational administration systems, focus on evidence-informed inquiry into effectiveness at each level of the system. Over the years of the project's operation, these two premises interacted in ways that led to ongoing...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap Through Teacher Collaboration: Facilitating Multiple Trajectories of Teacher Learning

    1/1/07 - Levine, Thomas H., Marcus, Alan S.

    How should district and school leaders improve education for students traditionally underserved by public education: by increasing control over teaching and curriculum, or by empowering groups of teachers to have more collective autonomy, responsibility, and opportunities for professional learning? The second approach-promoting multiple trajectories of learning among groups of teachers-has advantages, as well as some challenges, as a means of closing various achievement gaps. Sociocultural...

  • Closing the achievement gap through teacher collaboration: Facilitating multiple trajectories of teacher learning

    1/1/08 - Levine, Thomas H., Marcus, Alan S.

    How should district and school leaders improve education for students traditionally underserved by public education: by increasing control over teaching and curriculum, or by empowering groups of teachers to have more collective autonomy, responsibility, and opportunities for professional learning? second approach--promoting multiple trajectories of learning among groups of teachers--has advantages, as well as some challenges, as a means of closing various achievement gaps. Sociocultural...

  • Closing the Gap: Enhancing Student Outcomes in an Urban Professional Development School

    1/1/04 - Klingner, Janette K., Leftwich, Suzette, van Garderen, Delinda

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an account of changes in student achievement at one urban elementary school involved in an eight-year partnership with a University. The school first became involved with the University through a research project designed to support the school's efforts at restructuring and soon became a full-fledged Professional Development School (PDS). Students' scores on high-stakes assessment measures were the primary data sources. These scores are presented in...

  • Confronting Racism in Literacy Education and Research

    1/1/05 - Edmondson, Jacqueline

    Reviews the book "Literacy and Racial Justice: The Politics of Learning After Brown v. Board of Education," by Catherine Prendergast (2003). Closing the achievement gap is a central and explicit aim of current federal decisions. The achievement gap has direct and specific implications for literacy education and research. By linking reading with eventual success in school and other aspects of life, the Bush administration and Congress continue the assumption that reading well will guarantee...

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    Data-driven decision making based on curriculum-embedded assessment: Findings from recent California studies

    1/5/09 - California Comprehensive Center,

    A large amount of national research supports the concept of using data driven decision making to improve student achievement. This brief produced by the American Institutes for Research (AIR), as a partner in the California Comprehensive Center (CA CC) at WestEd, summarizes key findings about the use of data driven decision making, including the effective use of assessment data, the role of administrators, the role of teachers, and the role of parents and students, as detailed in three...

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