Categories

Tag: ability

  • Summer reading and the ethnic achievement gap

    1/1/04 - Kim, Jimmy

    A number of studies have shown that low-income and minority students undergo larger summer reading losses than their middle-class and White classmates, and that reading is the only activity that is consistently related to summer learning. The purpose of this study was to explore whether reading books during summer vacation improved fall reading proficiency, and whether access to books increased the volume of summer reading. The results from the multivariate regression analyses suggest that...

  • Testing conditions influence the race gap in cognition and achievement estimated by household survey data

    1/1/03 - Kim, Hyoshin, Baydar, Nazli, Greek, April

    The present study investigates the hypothesis that the race gap estimated using achievement test scores administered during household surveys may partly be accounted for by measurable testing conditions such as interviewer characteristics, interviewer-child interactions, and the testing environment in the home. Using the child assessments of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) in 1992, the findings clearly indicate that the factors related to testing conditions in the home have...

  • The 2007 Charles H. Thompson Lecture-Colloquium Presentation: Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    A study investigated the ways in which race is implicated to deal with the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Based on the evaluation of theoretical and historical issues that have framed the association between race and intellectual ability, this analysis provided an explanation of why the effort to close the achievement gap was politically and socially significant. To demonstrate why some schools are making progress in closing the achievement gap while others are not, the efforts of two...

  • The achievement gap. A comparison of Anglo and Navajo student writing samples

    1/1/02 - Ashmore, Rhea A., Shields, Carolyn M.

    A study compared the writing performance of Anglo and Navajo students. Participants were 122 students in grades 7 and 11 who were required to respond in writing to 30 questions. The results indicated that there was no difference between the Navajo and Anglo children either in the average number of passages containing at least 30 words or in the richness of the content and ideas expressed and that although there was a gap in mechanics in favor of the Anglo students, this gap narrowed between...

  • The effects of ability grouping on the ethnic achievement gap in Israeli elementary schools

    1/1/89 - Willms, J. Douglas, Chen, Michael
  • The Influence of Differential Community Perceptions on the Provision of Equal Educational Opportunities

    1/1/67 - Anderson, James G., Safar, Dwight

    Through extensive interviews with community members and school personnel in two multicultural Southwestern communities, the authors of this study attempt to demonstrate the importance of perceptions and attitudes in the provision of equal educational opportunity for Spanish-American and Indian children. The findings demonstrate a ubiquitous feeling that Spanish-American and Indian children are less capable of achieving desirable goals than are their Anglo contemporaries. This lack of...

  • The Role of Cognition, Motivation, and Emotion in Explaining the Mathematics Achievement Gap Between Hispanic and White Students

    1/1/06 - Stevens, Tara, Olivárez, Arturo, Jr., Hamman, Doug

    The authors investigated the relationships between cognitive, motivational, and emotional variables across Hispanic and White students to predict mathematics performance. A theoretically based structural model fit a total sample of 666 4th- to 10th-grade students well, supporting that self-efficacy, sources of self-efficacy, and emotional feedback were all stronger predictors of mathematics performance than general mental ability. Tests of the structural model across ethnicity suggested a...

  • The Role of Cognition, Motivation, and Emotion in Explaining the Mathematics Achievement Gap Between Hispanic and White Students

    1/1/06 - Stevens, Tara, Olivárez Jr, Arturo, Hamman, Doug

    The authors investigated the relationships between cognitive, motivational, and emotional variables across Hispanic and White students to predict mathematics performance. A theoretically based structural model fit a total sample of 666 4th- to 10th-grade students well, supporting that self-efficacy, sources of self-efficacy, and emotional feedback were all stronger predictors of mathematics performance than general mental ability. Tests of the structural model across ethnicity suggested a...

  • The role of migration, family characteristics and English-language ability in Latino academic achievement

    1/1/04 - Johnson-Webb, Karen D.

    Latinos comprise the largest minority group in the U.S. and 63 percent are foreign-born. An educational gap exists between Latinos in the U.S. and other groups in the U.S. Lower educational attainment has ramifications for labor market and other socioeconomic outcomes. Factors involving family context have best explained the educational gap, along with English proficiency and migration history. This study, using the Census long-form data, explores the role of socio-economic background...

  • Using the Critical Thinking Belief Appraisal to assess the rigor gap

    1/1/08 - Torff, Bruce

    In a line of research employing a survey instrument, the Critical Thinking Belief Appraisal, teachers supported critical-thinking (CT) activities more for high-than low-advantage learners, likely exacerbating a "rigor gap" implicated in persistent achievement gaps. Such beliefs were less likely to be espoused by expert teachers than randomly selected ones, and teacher-education programs mitigated these beliefs but did not expunge them, suggesting a need for interventions that foster belief...

  • Vitural Schools and 21st Century Skills

    1/1/06 - The North American Council for Online Learning and the Partnership for 21st Century Skills

    Online learning through virtual schools is one of the most important advancements in attempting to rethink the effectiveness of education in the United States. The virtual school provides access to online, collaborative and self-paced learning environments – settings that can facilitate 21st Century skills. Today's students must be able to combine these skills with the effective use of technology to succeed in current and future jobs. The full promise of virtual learning is...

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    What is service learning: A guide for parents

    1/3/09 - Kaye, C.B.

    Service learning takes place in schools and youth groups across America. Service-learning connects classroom studies with the natural caring and concern young people have for their world. Service-learning allows young people to contribute to solving problems by helping others in their school community, their neighborhood, or around the world. When students apply what they are learning in ways that help others, the results are memorable. Students gain lessons that last a lifetime. While...

  • What's on Your Nation's Report Card?

    1/1/07 - Norton Iii, Anderson H.

    The article discusses the mathematics problems used on the U.S.'s National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), also known as the Nation's Report Card. The author focuses on a constructed-response item, designed to reveal students' problem-solving abilities and conceptual understanding, and uses it to illustrate how a different interpretation of students' responses can reveal more about their reasoning and lead to a different assessment. He discusses aspects of student responses that...

  • Why the gap between Black and White performance in school? (Testimony of David James Armor, March 5, 6 & 22, 1996)

    1/1/97 - Armor, David James

    Excerpts and discusses testimony of D. J. Armor, a witness for Missouri in the areas of school desegregation plans and techniques, survey techniques, race relations and attitudes, allocation of resources, statistical analysis, and the relationship between school desegregation and achievement. Armor's responses to an attorney for the state (whose objective was to prove that no segregation remained in any of the state's school systems) are included for testimony about the race and...

  • Within-School Gender Gaps in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy

    1/1/08 - Xin, Ma

    This article reports on gender-gaps in educational achievement and how they vary in reading, mathematics, and science comprehension. These within-school gaps began to decrease in the U.S. after the 1980s until female students began outperforming male students in the 1990s. The article discusses factors related to performance variations, including national education policies, culture, and individual and family characteristics. The article also examines gender inequality, student-teacher...

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