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Tag: ability

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • Closing the Mathematics Achievement Gap in High-Poverty Middle Schools: Enablers and Constraints

    1/1/06 - Balfanz, Robert, Byrnes, Vaughan

    The mathematics achievement levels of U.S. students fall far behind those of other developed nations; within the United States itself, the students who are falling behind come predominantly from high-poverty and high-minority areas. This article reports on a series of analyses that followed 4 cohorts of students from 3 such schools through the 5th to 8th grades, where studies have found the mathematics achievement gap to develop most rapidly. The cohorts followed in these analyses attended...

  • Correlates of Mexican American students' standardized test scores: An integrated model approach

    1/1/07 - Morales, M. Cristina, Saenz, Rogelio

    The use of standardized testing to evaluate academic achievement is a widely debated topic. Despite controversies, standardized testing is used in all educational levels from elementary school to college entrance examinations. One of the ethnic groups particularly affected by this is the Mexican-origin population. An integrated model (individual, family, peer, and institutional factors) is used to enhance our understanding of the disparity in standardized mathematic test scores between...

  • Creating Schools Where Race Does Not Predict Achievement: The Role and Significance of Race in the Racial Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Noguera, Pedro A.

    This article explores the ways in which race is implicated in efforts to address the achievement gap in U.S. schools. Through an analysis of the theoretical and historical issues that have framed the relationship between race and intellectual ability, the author explains why the effort to close the achievement gap is politically and socially significant. The efforts of two suburban school districts to address the achievement gap is presented to illustrate why some schools are making progress...

  • Development of the Literacy Achievement Gap: A Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Through Third Grade

    1/1/07 - Foster, Wayne A., Miller, Merideth

    Purpose: The major goal of this study was to specify the developmental trajectories for phonics and early text comprehension skills of children from kindergarten through third grade. Method: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (N = 12,261) were used in this study. The participants were divided into 3 school readiness groups based on an assessment of literacy skill development at the time of entrance into kindergarten. The different groups were tracked on phonics and text...

  • Effects of Cultural and Social Structural Factors on the Achievement of White and Chinese American Students at School Transition Points

    1/1/06 - Pearce, Richard R.

    Chinese Americans' high levels of educational achievement have earned them attention as a "model minority" to be emulated by underachieving and underrepresented minority groups. However, the model minority analogy does not adequately explain how this achievement is realized, nor how such information can be used to help other groups close the achievement gap. The ability of both White and Chinese American students to weather school transitions and to remain on track for high achievement and...

  • Equal Access to Content Instruction for English Learners: An Example from Science

    1/1/12 - Brown, Z.A. & DiRanna, K.

    Equal access to content instruction is the foundation of educational equity—it reduces opportunity gaps that lead to achievement gaps. Achievement gaps lead to gaps in college and career access, which lead to income gaps. Income gaps lead to language gaps, thus perpetuating one of the most critical gaps we face in education. This paper is about the importance of equal meaningful access to content instruction for English learners and how academic-language instruction through content...

  • Ethnic disparities in special education labeling among children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

    1/1/08 - Mandell, David S., Davis, Jasmine K., Bevans, Katherine, Guevara, James P.

    The authors examined disparities in special education labeling among children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by merging calendar year 2002 special education records and Medicaid mental health claims for 4,852 children who had been diagnosed with ADHD in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Thirty-eight percent were receiving special education services. In adjusted analyses, Black children were less likely than White children to receive these services (odds ratio...

  • Evaluation of Quality Teaching for English Learners (QTEL) Professional Development

    1/1/12 - Bos, J.M., Sanchez, R.C., Tseng, F., Rayyes, N., Ortiz, L., and Sinicrope, C.

    English language proficiency is critical to academic achievement in the United States. For several decades, educators and policymakers have explored strategies to ensure that English language learner students have access to rigorous academic content as much as non–English language learner students. Educating English language learner students is a challenge that has become a civil rights issue and a topic of federal legislation. In 1968, Congress passed the Bilingual Education Act...

  • Evidence of a differential effect of ability grouping on the reading achievement growth of language-minority Hispanics

    1/1/08 - Robinson, Joseph P.

    Ability grouping is sometimes thought to exacerbate inequality by increasing achievement gaps; however, ability grouping may in fact benefit a fast growing and often marginalized student population: children from non-English-speaking home environments. The level-appropriate, small-group instruction received in reading ability groups may be particularly beneficial to these language-minority children, who are not regularly exposed to English at home. Focusing on Hispanics, who make up the...

  • Family and Community Engagement Survey

    1/1/02 - Rodriguez, R.G., Villarreal, A., Cortez, J.D.

    Families can have an important, positive impact on the school’s ability to deliver quality edu- cation when they are valued, their contributions are sought and integrated into the school decision making, and collaboratively plan and deliver services aimed at higher student achieve- ment. Families represent a valuable resource that should be factored into the educational equation. A dialogue between families and educators should be established to arrive at a shared accountability approach...

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    Fostering Emotional Literacy in Young Children: Labeling Emotions

    1/18/09 - G. Joseph , P. Strain, M. M. Ostrosky

    This What Works Brief is part of a continuing series of short, easy-to-read, “how to” information packets on a variety of evidence-based practices, strategies, and intervention procedures. The Briefs are designed to help teachers support young children’s social and emotional development. They include examples and vignettes that illustrate how practical strategies might be used in a variety of early childhood settings and home environments.Emotional literacy is the ability to identify...

  • Gender differences in academic achievement and the educational implications

    1/1/00 - Cheng, Gang, Xie, Guiyang

    Part of a special issue on women's education and employment in China. A study investigated gender difference among college students in China. Data were obtained from international research and a survey of three universities in the Wuhan region of China. The results indicate that female students' motivation to study rose significantly because they attributed their success to the positive factor of effort but they still underestimated their own ability, that female students have made some...

  • High-Stakes Testing: Does the California High School Exit Exam Measure Up?

    1/1/05 - Callet, Valerie J.

    In 2002, President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act. In addition to providing additional funding for schools and encouraging local autonomy, the new law focuses on accountability in an attempt to close the achievement gap for all students, leaving no child behind. Perhaps the most striking manifestation of Bush's new law is the amplified attention on high-stakes testing as a means to demonstrate accountability. The California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE) is California's...

  • How to differentiate instruction in mixed ability classroom

    1/1/01 - Tomlison, T. A.

    Greater number of students are diagoned with attention deficit and related disorder, so in todays diversed classroom setting it has become important to understand the diffferentiating teaching methods.

  • How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classroom

    1/1/01 - Carol Ann Tomlinson

    How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classroom reflects an extension and refinement of the elements as the right approach to educators.

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