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Tag: ability

  • Academic achievement of low birthweight children at age 11: The role of cognitive abilities at school entry

    1/1/01 - Breslau, N., Johnson, E. O., Lucia, V. C.

    Examined the extent to which deficits in academic achievement in low birthweight (LBW) children at age 11 are explained by deficits in cognitive abilities at school entry. Data come from a longitudinal study of a stratified sample of LBW and normal birthweight (NBW) children from an innercity and middle class suburbs in the Detroit area. Woodcock-Johnson Psychoeducational Battery--Revised was used to measure reading and math at age 11. WISC-R and specific neuropsychologic tests were...

  • According to Jim: The Disproportions of Abilities

    1/1/09 - Gallagher, James J.

    The article discusses the factors involved on the issue about disproportion which refers to the absence of minority students in the classroom of gifted students in the U.S. One main factor is an assumption of equality in ability between ethnic and racial groups at birth with no superior races involved. The author explains that the country's educational system is facing real differences in the development of intellectual abilities of students by school age which is a morally and socially...

  • Achievement Gap vs. Acceleration

    1/1/04 - Johnsen, Susan

    The federal government's use of the phrase "achievement gap" to encourage policy, legislation, and state assessments is contrary to what educators in gifted education know is important to challenging gifted and talented students--acceleration. Although all children should be achieving at a level commensurate with their abilities, or at least at a minimum competency level, the concept of an "achievement gap" creates a "ceiling" so that the gap is reduced but at the expense of gifted and...

  • Early Childhood Education Interventions for Children with Disabilities Intervention Report: Phonological Awareness Training.

    1/1/12 - What Works Clearninghouse

    Phonological awareness, or the ability to detect or manipulate the sounds in words independent of meaning, has been identiied as a key early literacy skill and precursor to reading. For the purposes of this review, phonological awareness training refers to any practice targeting young children’s phonological awareness abilities. Phonological awareness training can involve various activities that focus on teaching children to identify, detect, delete, segment, or blend segments of...

  • Parental care and intrusiveness as predictors of the abilities-achievement gap in adolescence

    1/1/98 - Feldman, Ruth, Guttfreund, Daniel, Yerushalmi, Hannoch

    A study was conducted to examine the relationship between adolescents' perceptions of parental care and intrusiveness and the abilities-achievement gap. Data were drawn from 200 Israeli adolescents who self-reported representations of parental care and intrusiveness, externalizing symptoms, and internalizing symptoms. Results revealed that there was a larger gap between abilities and achievement in language and mathematics for boys than there was for girls and that this gap was accounted for...

  • Parental care and intrusiveness as predictors of the abilities–achievement gap in adolescence

    1/1/98 - Feldman, Ruth, Guttfreund, Daniel, Yerushalmi, Hannoch

    Examined relations between adolescents' perception of parental care and intrusiveness and the abilities–achievement gap. Cognitive abilities and academic achievement were assessed for 200 Israeli 10th graders (aged 15–17 yrs). Representations of maternal and paternal care and intrusiveness and externalizing and internalizing symptoms were self-reported. Gender differences were found for the abilities–achievement gap. Boys' achievement in mathematics and language was...

  • Relating test-taking attitudes and skills and stereotype threat effects to the racial gap in cognitive ability test performance

    1/1/03 - Nguyen, Hannah-Hanh D., O'Neal, Alisha, Ryan, Ann Marie

    This research extended past studies on race effects and stereotype threat (ST) effects outside the academic domain, as well as exploring the mediating role of test-related cognition, motivation, and emotionality in the Black-White cognitive ability test performance differences. One hundred seventy-two undergraduates took a simulated personnel selection test and responded to measures of attitudinal and test-taking skills prior to and after the test. Half of the participants were told that the...

  • A comparison of the academic performance of Black and White freshman students on an urban commuter campus

    1/1/86 - Mannan, Golam, Charleston, Lillian, Saghafi, Behrooz

    Compared the academic performance of 3,279 entering undergraduates at a midwestern commuter university in terms of whether they had been admitted to the regular academic program or to a remedial program. Based on placement test scores, 152 Blacks and 459 Whites had been placed in remedial English and mathematics courses. Findings show that in terms of grade point averages (GPAs), Black students' performance lagged behind that of White students in both regular and remedial programs even when...

  • A road map for mathematics achievement for all students: findings from the national mathematics panel

    1/1/09 - Brown, C.,

    The eminence, safety, and well-being of nations have been entwined for centuries with the ability of their people to deal with sophisticated quantitative ideas. Leading societies have commanded mathematical skills that have brought them advantages in medicine and health, in technology and commerce, in navigation and exploration, in defense and finance, and in the ability to understand past failures and to forecast future developments. History is full of examples. During most of the 20th...

  • Achieving inclusion through CLAD: Collaborative Learning Assessment through Dialogue

    1/1/08 - Fitch, E. Frank, Hulgin, Kathleen M.

    This study measures the effectiveness of Collaborative Learning Assessment through Dialogue (CLAD) on reading achievement in inclusive classrooms in the USA. The CLAD process involved students collaboratively completing multiple-choice quizzes, using dialogue and critical thinking to reach consensus and receiving immediate feedback on their responses. The procedure was implemented in three third-grade classrooms (n = 30) in a midwestern elementary school for the purpose of reducing a...

  • Are boys excelling girls in geometric learning?

    1/1/29 - Perry, W. M.

    The data of a previous study by the author are examined for sex differences in the solution of geometric originals. The subjects are 53 boys and 36 girls. Although the boys are somewhat higher in general mental ability and in reasoning ability, the girls reach a higher achievement. "Especially were the girls the more superior in responding to those 'link' steps, by means of which they were able to bridge the gap between the given relations (those observed with the pertinent recalled facts...

  • Barriers to School Involvement: Are Immigrant Parents Disadvantaged?

    1/1/09 - Turney, Kristin, Kao, Grace

    Parental involvement at school offers unique opportunities for parents, and this school-based involvement has important implications for children's academic and behavioral outcomes. The authors used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (National Center for Education Statistics, 2001) to examine race and immigrant differences in barriers to parental involvement at school. Minority immigrant parents, compared with native-born parents, reported more barriers to...

  • Black–White Achievement Gap and Family Wealth

    1/1/08 - Yeung, W. Jean, Conley, Dalton

    This article examines the extent to which family wealth affects the Black–White test score gap for young children based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (aged 3–12). This study found little evidence that wealth mediated the Black–White test scores gaps, which were eliminated when child and family demographic covariates were held constant. However, family wealth had a stronger association with cognitive achievement of school-aged children than that of preschoolers and a...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Math: The Long-Term Effects of Eighth-Grade Algebra

    1/1/06 - Spielhagen, Frances R.

    Recent changes in national and state mathematics standards have increased the level of algebraic thinking taught in younger grades. These changes have prompted more inclusive curriculum designs that open the opportunity to enroll in advanced mathematics courses at younger ages. Of particular interest to this study is the access to eighth-grade algebra, once traditionally reserved for select populations. This study examined long-term academic outcomes for students who did or did not enroll in...

  • Closing the achievement gap: Lessons from Illinois' golden spike high-poverty high-performing schools

    1/1/04 - McGee, Glenn W.

    The achievement gap is the single most critical issue in American education. This study illustrates the difference in academic performance between low-income children and their peers, between minority children and their classmates, and between those schools that serve a majority of children from low-income families and those that serve a more advantaged population. Using a research framework, the author identifies and examines Golden Spike schools--Illinois schools that have a sustained...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Lessons From Illinois' Golden Spike High-Poverty High-Performing Schools

    1/1/04 - McGee, Glenn W.

    The achievement gap is the single most critical issue in American education. This study illustrates the difference in academic performance between low-income children and their peers, between minority children and their classmates, and between those schools that serve a majority of children from low-income families and those that serve a more advantaged population. Using a research framework, the author identifies and examines Golden Spike schools-Illinois schools that have a sustained...

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