Journal Article: Attributed for academic achievement: A comparative study in tribal and non-tribal settings


Academic Achievement, Racial and Ethnic Differences, Student, Characteristics, Tribes, Academic Aptitude, Academic Failure, Competence, Human Sex Differences, Internal External Locus of Control, Self Efficacy, Student Attitudes, Urban Environments


Rath, Muralidhar


2008, Jul


The failure or poor performance of tribal students in their academic tests has initiated deep debates and grave discussions now-a-days. It is worthwhile to note that tribal students in India are not only they who reside in ashrams or hostels of different urban schools and colleges, and are mostly compared by researchers with non-tribal students. Rather, a major portion of tribals dwell in rural and tribal settings and some of them pursue their education in poorly maintained schools and colleges of tribal localities. Hence, the main objective of the present piece of research is to explore the causal beliefs of those tribal students reared and trained in tribal settings leading to their control, competence, and self-efficacy. The gap between students' attitude and practice was analyzed in terms of causal beliefs and functional means to achieve their control, efficacy and academic competence. This study was meant to test the significance of difference between control and competence of boys and girls (both tribals and non-tribals) from schools and colleges. For this study, 174 students were randomly selected from five schools and two colleges in Orissa. Out of them, 42 were college boys and 33 were college girls whereas 54 were school boys and 45 were school girls. School students were from class--IX with an age range of 14 to 21 years. The subjects were selected from middle socio-economic status (SES). This study used standardized measures like Self-efficacy Scale (SES) developed by Wegner, Schwarzer, and Jerusalem (1993) and adapted by Sahoo (1994), Performance Measure of Control and Passivity (PMCP) of Sia (1986), Student's Perception of Control Scale (SPCS), an adapted and standardized scale of Sahoo (1997) which is reformulated on the basis of Control, Agency, and Means-ends beliefs Interview (CAMI) of Skinner (1988). The findings of this study reflected that in almost all various males show higher mean score about their belief than females except luck as an agency or means (LAG & LM) and their link with powerful others as means yielding no significant difference across sex groups across sex groups. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA ) (journal abstract)


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