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Journal Article: Closing the Achievement Gap: The Association of Racial Climate with Achievement and Behavioral Outcomes

Categories

ACADEMIC achievement, SCHOOL environment, SCHOOL discipline, RACE, AFRICAN American students, EUROPEAN Americans, Discipline, Racial fairness, Racism, School racial climate, Student perceptions

Authors

Mattison, Erica; Aber, Mark

Published

2007

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between school racial climate and students’ self-reports of academic and discipline outcomes, including whether racial climate mediated and/or moderated the relationship between race and outcomes. Using the Racial Climate Survey-High School Version (M. Aber et al., unpublished), data were gathered from African American ( n = 382) and European American students ( n = 1456) regarding their perceptions of racial climate. About 18% of the respondents were low-income and approximately 50% were male. Positive perceptions of the racial climate were associated with higher student achievement and fewer discipline problems. Further, race moderated the relationship between racial climate and both achievement and discipline outcomes. Finally, racial differences in students’ grades and discipline outcomes were associated with differences in perceptions of racial climate. Results suggest careful attention should be given to the racial climate of secondary schools, particularly for adolescents who perceive schools as unfair. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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