Journal Article: Family (Dis)Advantage and the Educational Prospects of Better Off African American Youth: How Race Still Matters


AFRICAN American students, MIDDLE class families, AFRICAN American families, SOCIAL ecology, HOME & school, ACADEMIC achievement -- Social aspects, ACHIEVEMENT gap, EDUCATION -- United States, UNITED States


Gosa, Travis L.; Alexander, Karl L.




While the educational difficulties of poor black students are well documented and have been discussed extensively, the academic performance of well-off African American children has received much less attention. Even with economic and educational resources in the home, well-off African American youth are not achieving at the levels of their white peers. Why is this? A review of relevant literature identifies a set of social processes that pose formidable barriers to the academic and personal development of middle-class African American youth, the closing of the black-white achievement gap, and the preservation of African American family advantage across generations. Constituting a social ecology of African American family life, these processes emanate outward from the immediate home environment, through peers and friends, into neighborhoods and schools, and to society at large. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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