Journal Article: A different view of the IQ-achievement gap


Academic Overachievement, Academic Underachievement, Intelligence, Racial and Ethnic Differences, Social Mobility, Blacks, Elementary, School Students, Parental Occupation, Whites


Gordon, Margaret T.


1976, Jan


Investigated the relationship between children's IQ and scholastic achievement scores and race, occupational attainment, and social mobility of their parents. The IQ and achievement test scores of 1,102 Chicago area 5th and 6th graders--Black and White, middle- and working-class--were aggregated into 7 cohorts of approximately equal IQ scores. Within these cohorts differences in achievement emerged which could not be attributed to race- or class-linked intellectual discrepancies. Among Ss with average IQ scores (92-104.9), Whites scored higher in achievement than Blacks of the same sex and socioeconomic status, and middle-class children had a similar advantage over working-class children of the same race and sex. Consistently, "overachievement" and "underachievement" among children with similar IQ scores were related to race and class situations. (31 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA )


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