Categories

Journal Article: Parental care and intrusiveness as predictors of the abilities–achievement gap in adolescence

Categories

Academic Achievement, Adolescent Attitudes, Cognitive Ability, Parent Child Relations, Parental Role

Authors

Feldman, Ruth; Guttfreund, Daniel; Yerushalmi, Hannoch

Published

1998, Jul

Abstract

Examined relations between adolescents' perception of parental care and intrusiveness and the abilities–achievement gap. Cognitive abilities and academic achievement were assessed for 200 Israeli 10th graders (aged 15–17 yrs). Representations of maternal and paternal care and intrusiveness and externalizing and internalizing symptoms were self-reported. Gender differences were found for the abilities–achievement gap. Boys' achievement in mathematics and language was significantly lower than could be expected from abilities in these domains. Representations of maternal care predicted achievement while aptitude and socioemotional symptoms were controlled and moderated the relations of abilities and achievement. Paternal representations were unrelated to abilities or achievement. Among boys, maternal intrusiveness had a unique contribution to the prediction of achievement, above and beyond abilities, socioemotional symptoms, and maternal care. The relevance of the findings to cognitive and attachment perspectives on adolescent achievement is discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )

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