Journal Article: Identity, Belonging, and Achievement: A Model, Interventions, Implications


GROUP identity, ACHIEVEMENT gap, STIGMA (Social psychology), SOCIAL context, STEREOTYPES (Social psychology), achievement, gender, identity, race, social identity, stereotype threat, stigma


Cohen, Geoffrey L.; Garcia, Julio




In this article we discuss how social or group identities affect achievement. We also present a model of identity engagement that describes how a salient social identity can trigger psychological threat and belonging concerns and how these can produce persistent performance decrements, which through feedback loops can increase over time. The character of such processes may be revealed only over time because they are recursive in nature and interact with other factors in chronically evaluative social environments. Finally, we address how this model helped in the development of successful interventions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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