Categories

Journal Article: Stigma Consciousness and the Race Gap in College Academic Achievement

Categories

College Academic Achievement, Racial and Ethnic Differences, Self, Perception, Stereotyped Attitudes, Stigma

Authors

Brown, Ryan P.; Lee, Monica N.

Published

2005, Apr-Jun

Abstract

Stereotyped individuals vary in how chronically self-conscious they are of their stigmatized status, a variable called stigma consciousness. The present study examined whether stigma consciousness was negatively related to academic achievement in college for academically stigmatized (Black and Hispanic) students, but not for academically non-stigmatized (White and Asian) students. Results revealed that stigmatized students who were high in stigma consciousness had lower GPAs than stigmatized students who were low in stigma consciousness. Moreover, GPAs of stigmatized students who were low in stigma consciousness did not differ from those of non-stigmatized students. These results complement recent laboratory investigations of stigma consciousness among women and contribute to the literature on stereotype threat by extending the phenomenon to real-world academic performance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA ) (journal abstract)

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