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Category: secondary education

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    A coherent approach to high school improvement: a needs assessment tool

    1/22/10 - Lindsay Fryer , Amy Johnson

    "The foundation for this needs assessment tool is the National High School Center’s Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. This framework was developed to support researchers, policymakers, and practitioners at all levels in their efforts to maximize the achievement of all high school students. The document outlines eight core elements that can be used as a lens for mapping school, district, and state high school improvement efforts in a comprehensive, systemic...

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    Alternative Schools and Programs for Public School Students At Risk of Educational Failure: 2007-08

    1/31/10 - Priscilla Rouse Carver, Laurie Lewis

    "This First Look report presents data from a recent district Fast Response Survey System (FRSS) survey about alternative schools and programs available to students during the 2007-08 school year. Alternative schools and programs are specifically designed to address the educational needs of students at risk of school failure in a setting apart from that of the regular public school. They can be administered by the district or an entity other than the district. The study includes information...

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    Developing early warning systems to identify potential high school dropouts

    1/3/09 - Heppen, Jessica B., Therriault, S. B.

    The information that follows and an accompanying tool developed by the National High School Center can help schools and districts to systematically collect early warning indicator data so they can identify students at highest risk of dropout. An early warning system can be implemented at the school as well as at district levels. The role of the state is critical for providing support that can help districts and schools collect the key information with relative ease, including the use of...

  • Direct instruction: Its contributions to high school achievement

    1/1/00 - Kozioff, Martin A., LaNunziata, Louis, Cowardin, James, Bessellieu, Frances B.

    Describes the design principles, instructional practices, and specific curricula of Direct Instruction. At a time when public schools are increasingly held accountable for students' achievement and for closing and preventing the achievement gap between minority/disadvantaged and white/advantaged students, Direct Instruction provides highly effective programs whose implementation fosters beneficial change in students' engagement and achievement, in teachers' skill at instruction and...

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    Dropout Prevention: A Practice Guide

    1/13/10 - Mark Dynarski, Linda Clarke, Brian Cobb, Jeremy Finn, Russell Rumberger, Jay Smink

    "This guide is intended to be useful to educators in high schools and middle schools, to superintendents and school boards, and to state policymakers in planning and executing dropout prevention strategies. The target audience includes school administrators as well as district-level administrators. This guide seeks to help them develop practice and policy alternatives for implementation. The guide includes specific recommendations and indicates the quality of the evidence that supports these...

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    Educating English language learners at the high school level: A coherent approach to district- and school-level support

    1/3/09 - National High School Center,

    The development of state policy to promote academic achievement for ELLs is critical to improving educational outcomes and consistent with the goals of increasing high school graduation rates and meeting Adequate Yearly Progress under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. Recent research indicates that states have multiple opportunities to take the initiative in supporting school systems and schools in their efforts to keep ELLs on track to meet postsecondary success.

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    Emerging evidence on improving high school student achievement and graduation rates: The effects of four popular improvement programs

    1/3/09 - Herlihy, C. M., Quint, J.

    The National High School Center released methods for improving low-performing high schools based on some of the most rigorous research currently available in the school reform arena. This research brief identifies lessons learned as well as key practices used to strengthen high schools and is based on evaluations of four widely used high school improvement programs.

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    Engaging older youth: Program and City-Level Strategies to Support Sustained Participation in Out-of-School Time

    1/5/10 - Sarah N. Deschenes, Amy Arbreton, Priscilla M. Little, Carla Herrera, Jean Baldwin Grossman, Heather B. Weiss, Diana Lee

    "It’s not just elementary school children who can benefit from strong after-school and other out-of-school time (OST) programs; middle- and high-school students stand to gain as well. But programs have found it is much tougher to recruit older than younger youth and make sure they participate in OST activities regularly. This study looks at almost 200 programs serving mostly disadvantaged young people in six cities that are building systems of out-of-school time programs. Delving into how...

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    Gaining ground in the middle grades: Why some schools do better

    1/9/10 - Trish Williams, Michael W. Kirst, Edward Haertel, Matthew Rosin, Mary Perry, Ben Webman, Kathy Wilson, Rebecca Payne, Kathryn Morgan Woodward

    "This study contributes to the field by identifying a broad range of traditional and newer middle grade policies and practices, and determining in California which of these differentiate higher- from lower-performing schools serving similar student populations, with performance measured by the state’s standards-based tests."

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    Health in childhood and adolescence and high school dropout

    1/23/10 - Joshua Breslau

    "There is ample evidence that poor health in childhood and adolescence is associated with higher risk of dropping out of high school. This association is suggestive of a causal effect of health problems on dropout and a potential role for health interventions to reduce the proportion of high school students who drop out. Interventions with such a dual benefit—improving health while decreasing dropout—would be important policy priorities. With the goal of identifying strategic priorities...

  • Identity and school adjustment: Revisiting the "acting White" assumption

    1/1/01 - Spencer, Margaret Beale, Noll, Elizabeth, Stoltzfus, Jill, Harpalani, Vinay

    It has long been offered as an explanation for the achievement gap between White and African American students, that African American youth would do better if they adopted a Eurocentric cultural values system. Unfortunately, this theory, along with a great amount of the established literature on minority youth identity development, depends on a deficit-oriented perspective to explain the discrepancy between African American and White students. This is problematic because the perspective...

  • Impact of attitudes of peers on language achievement: Gender differences

    1/1/07 - Van de Gaer, Eva, Pustjens, Heidi, Van Damme, Jan, De Munter, Agnes

    The authors examined whether gender differences in language achievement were related not only to gender differences in attitudes toward schooling but also to the attitudes toward schooling of peers (i.e., peers in classes and in schools). The authors used multilevel analysis on data compiled from a longitudinal research project in secondary education. The primary results revealed that all boys who had negative school-related attitudes were underachievers in language. Furthermore, boys were...

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    Intervention: Ladders to Literacy (Adolescent Literacy)

    1/31/10 - What Works Clearinghouse

    Based on two studies, the WWC considers the extent of evidence for Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition® on adolescent learners to be medium to large for the comprehension and general literacy achievement domains. No studies that meet WWC evidence standards with or without reservations examined the effectiveness of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition® on adolescent learners in the alphabetics or reading fluency domains.

  • Racial and gender science achievement gaps in secondary education

    1/1/03 - Bacharach, Verne R., Baumeister, Alfred A., Furr, R. Michael

    A substantial disparity exists for academic achievement in science between Black and White primary-school children. A similar gap exists between boys and girls. The extent to which secondary education influences these achievement gaps has not been established. The authors report analyses showing how these science achievement gaps change as a function of secondary education. Analyses of data from a large, nationally representative longitudinal study of academic achievement showed that racial...

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    Research sheds light on the students most at risk of dropping out – and how to keep students on the “graduation track”

    1/5/09 - Education Commission of the States,

    This document by the Education Commission of the States, sheds light on the students most at risk of dropping out - and how to keep students on the “graduation track”; state policy approaches aimed at keeping students in school; indicators most closely associated with dropping out; and cost/benefit analysis of initiatives that improve graduation rates.

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    Suspended Education: Urban Middle Schools in Crisis

    1/15/10 - Losen, Daniel J. and Skiba, Russell J.

    Since the early 1970s, out-of-school suspension rates have escalated dramatically. In part, the higher use of out-of-school suspension reflects the growth of policies such as “zero tolerance,” an approach to school discipline that imposes removal from school for a broad array of school code violations - from violent behavior to truancy and dress code violations. In order to better understand the issues of efficacy and fairness in the use of out-of-school suspension, we first must answer...

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