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Category: kindergarten

  • California's Transitional Kindergarten Program: Report on the First Year of Implementation

    4/23/14

    In 2010, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed the Kindergarten Readiness Act into law. The law changed the date by which children must turn 5 to enter kindergarten from December 2 to September 1, phasing in the new age requirement by moving the cutoff date back one month per year for three years, beginning in fall of 2012. S.B. 1381 also established a new grade level - transitional kindergarten (TK) - which is the first year of a two-year kindergarten experience for students born between...

  • Closing the Achievement Gap: Examining the Role of Cognitive Developmental Level in Academic Achievement

    1/1/06 - Cooper, Jennifer A., Schleser, Robert

    The achievement gap in mathematics between African American and Caucasian students has been observed for several decades, though previous research has been unable to fully explain why the gap exists. Using a sample of 56 kindergarten and first grade students, this study examined the role that cognitive developmental level plays in the achievement gap. Results indicated that African American students scored significantly lower than the Caucasian students on a test of mathematical achievement...

  • Do Small Classes Reduce the Achievement Gap between Low and High Achievers? Evidence from Project STAR

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Given that previous findings on the social distribution of the effects of small classes have been mixed and inconclusive, in the present study I attempted to shed light on the mechanism through which small classes affect the achievement of low- and high-achieving students. I used data from a 4-year, large-scale, randomized experiment (project STAR) to examine the effects of small classes on the achievement gap. The sample consisted of nearly 11,000 elementary school students who participated...

  • On the path to school Readiness: Key Questions to consider before Establishing Universal Pre-Kindergarten

    1/1/04 - Ann Segal and Charles Bruner

    This resource brief follows a question-and- answer format to discuss key issues that policy makers and advocates need to consider when designing and promoting universal pre-kindergarten initiatives.

  • The academic trajectories of children of immigrants and their school environments

    1/1/08 - Han, Wen-Jui

    Data from approximately 14,000 children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey--Kindergarten Cohort were analyzed to examine the associations between children's immigrant status and their academic trajectories from kindergarten to 3rd grade, with particular attention to the effects of school environments. Growth curve modeling results indicated that most children of Latin American origin improved their reading and math scores faster than non-Hispanic White children, thus narrowing their...

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