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Category: hispanics

  • "They might need a little extra hand, you know": Latino students in at-risk programs

    1/1/08 - Fairbrother, Anne

    This is a qualitative study in a school district in a large city in the Southwest in response to the research question, "What are staff and student expectations for, and assessment of, three 'at-risk' programs in this large school district?" Four thematic findings from observations and interviews in four classes in two high school alternative programs and one alternative high school over one semester are reported, concerning (a) commitment to the programs, (b) labeling of students, (c...

  • Achievement disparities between minority and nonminority students in suburban schools

    1/1/90 - Levine, Daniel U., Eubanks, Eugene E.

    National data show that in 1986, African-American (AA) and Hispanic (HS) 13-yr-old students with college-educated parents had average reading proficiency scores 16 and 13 points (respectively) below the average for comparable White students. Reading and spelling performance data for 5th-8th graders at a suburban school show that in 1988, AAs were near or above the national norm in spelling but were clearly below the national norm in reading comprehension. Data on AAs' performance in southern...

  • An Exploration of the Relationship Between Ethnicity, Attention Problems, and Academic Achievement

    1/1/04 - Rabiner, David L., Murray, Desiree W., Schmid, Lorrie, Malone, Patrick S.

    There has been longstanding concern about achievement differences across ethnic groups. Inattention is a significant factor associated with underachievement, and higher ratings of inattention have been found for some minority groups. The present study examined the relationship between inattention and achievement across Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic first graders. Thirty-three teachers rated over 600 students on their academic achievement, inattentive classroom behavior...

  • Evidence of a differential effect of ability grouping on the reading achievement growth of language-minority Hispanics

    1/1/08 - Robinson, Joseph P.

    Ability grouping is sometimes thought to exacerbate inequality by increasing achievement gaps; however, ability grouping may in fact benefit a fast growing and often marginalized student population: children from non-English-speaking home environments. The level-appropriate, small-group instruction received in reading ability groups may be particularly beneficial to these language-minority children, who are not regularly exposed to English at home. Focusing on Hispanics, who make up the...

  • Examining disparities in mathematics education: Achievement gap or opportunity gap?

    1/1/07 - Flores, Alfinio

    The so-called achievement gap in mathematics is reframed as a problem of unequal opportunities to learn experienced by many low-income students and many Latino and African American students. First, data are presented showing striking and persistent differences on standardized tests among students of different ethnic groups, and socioeconomic levels. Then evidence is presented demonstrating that opportunities to learn mathematics are not equally distributed among all students. Specifically...

  • Latino adolescents' civic development in the United States: Research results from the IEA civic education study

    1/1/07 - Torney-Purta, Judith, Barber, Carolyn H., Wilkenfeld, Britt

    Many studies have reported gaps between Latino and non-Latino adolescents in academic and political outcomes. The current study presents possible explanations for such gaps, both at the individual and school level. Hierarchical linear modeling is employed to examine data from 2,811 American ninth graders (approximately 14 years of age) who had participated in the IEA Civic Education study. Analyses of large data bases enable the consideration of individual characteristics and experiences, as...

  • More than one gap: Dropout rate gaps between and among Black, Hispanic, and White students

    1/1/08 - Carpenter, Dick M., II, Ramirez, Al

    The achievement gap, traditionally measured by test scores, also can be documented by dropout behavior. Examining dropout behavior among Black, White, and Hispanic students, with a particular focus on gaps within groups and not just between Whites and minorities, shows a clearer picture of the achievement gap. The results of our study show multiple achievement gaps both between and within groups, ultimately concluding that within-group gaps were often more significant than gaps between...

  • Preschool antecedents of mathematics achievement of Latinos: The influence of family resources, early literacy experiences, and preschool attendance

    1/1/07 - Lopez, Edward M., Gallimore, Ronald, Garnier, Helen, Reese, Leslie

    Seventy-three Latino middle school students participated in a longitudinal study of the preschool antecedents of their mathematics achievement. Path analysis indicated that family resources (parents' educational level, occupation, and income) predicted home literacy activities, which predicted combined early Spanish literacy and English language proficiencies at kindergarten entry, which predicted elementary mathematics achievement, which in turn predicted middle school mathematics...

  • Putting the "affirm" into affirmative action: Preferential selection and academic performance

    1/1/00 - Brown, Ryan P., Charnsangavej, Tonyamas, Keough, Kelli A., Newman, Matthew L., Rentfrow, Peter J.

    Two studies explored the relation between academic performance and preferential selection. In Study 1, female participants were led to believe that they had been selected to be leaders in a team problem-solving task because of their gender, because of their gender and ability, or at random. Results showed that women who believed they had been selected because of their gender performed significantly worse on a subsequent problem-solving test than women who believed they had been selected at...

  • Student success skills: A promising program to close the academic achievement gap for African American and Latino students

    1/1/07 - Miranda, Alexis, Webb, Linda, Brigman, Greg, Peluso, Paul

    Academic achievement data from four previous Student Success Skills (SSS) studies were aggregated and examined to determine if there were differential effects in improved test scores among White, Latino, and African American students. Results showed that posttest scores for the treatment group were significantly higher than the comparison group in math as well as reading. There were no interactions or main effects for ethnicity. White, Latino, and African American students showed similar...

  • The Diverse Experiences of Hispanic Students in the American Educational System

    1/1/05 - Crosnoe, Robert

    Hispanic students have long been considered at risk in the American educational system. A better understanding of the diverse experiences of Hispanics can help to counteract this risk—in what ways, and where, do they do well or poorly or some mixture of both? To further this understanding, this study applies developmental and demographic perspectives to a representative sample of Hispanic high school students. First, analyses of the sample identified four student profiles based on various...

  • The effects of Black and Hispanic 12th graders living in intact families and being religious on their academic achievement

    1/1/03 - Jeynes, William H.

    Using the National Education Longitudinal Survey (NELS) data set from the 1988 to 1992 period, this study assessed the effects of the combination of living in an intact family and student religious commitment on the academic achievement of Black and Hispanic l2th graders. The results indicate that Black and Hispanic children who lived in an intact family and showed a high level of religiosity scored as well as White students on most measures of academic achievement, even when controlling for...

  • The impact of racial and ethnic segregation on the achievement gap in California high schools

    1/1/92 - Rumberger, Russell W., Willms, J. Douglas

    Examined the extent and impact of racial and ethnic segregation in California high schools during the 1988-1989 school year. Using 2 widely used indices of segregation, the extent of segregation was measured in all 784 regular high schools in the state and in all 112 high schools in the 6 largest districts. Segregation was widespread throughout the state, and the extent of segregation varied widely among ethnic groups and among the 6 largest districts. Significant differences were found in...

  • The Role of Cognition, Motivation, and Emotion in Explaining the Mathematics Achievement Gap Between Hispanic and White Students

    1/1/06 - Stevens, Tara, Olivárez, Arturo, Jr., Hamman, Doug

    The authors investigated the relationships between cognitive, motivational, and emotional variables across Hispanic and White students to predict mathematics performance. A theoretically based structural model fit a total sample of 666 4th- to 10th-grade students well, supporting that self-efficacy, sources of self-efficacy, and emotional feedback were all stronger predictors of mathematics performance than general mental ability. Tests of the structural model across ethnicity suggested a...

  • The role of migration, family characteristics and English-language ability in Latino academic achievement

    1/1/04 - Johnson-Webb, Karen D.

    Latinos comprise the largest minority group in the U.S. and 63 percent are foreign-born. An educational gap exists between Latinos in the U.S. and other groups in the U.S. Lower educational attainment has ramifications for labor market and other socioeconomic outcomes. Factors involving family context have best explained the educational gap, along with English proficiency and migration history. This study, using the Census long-form data, explores the role of socio-economic background...

  • The roles of parenting styles and social capital in the school performance of immigrant Asian and Hispanic adolescents

    1/1/05 - Pong, Suet-ling, Hao, Lingxin, Gardner, Erica

    Objective: This study investigates the role of parenting styles and social capital (parental involvement, intergenerational closure, expectation, and trust) in accounting for school performance among ethnic groups and across immigrant generations. Methods: Using data from the Adolescent Health Survey, we estimate fixed-effects models to analyze students' grade-point averages. We compare three generations of Asian students and three generations of Hispanic students to the third-generation...

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