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Category: education

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    A matter of degrees: Preparing teachers for the Pre-K classroom

    1/30/10 - Marisa Bueno, Linda Darting-Hammond, Danielle Gonzales

    "Across the nation, states are investing substantial dollars in publicly funded, voluntary pre-kindergarten programs. These investments and initiatives come in response to research on brain development,1 accountability pressures to improve student achievement in elementary and secondary schools and strong evidence that high-quality pre-k can yield long-term benefits for children and society. The ultimate value of those investments, however, depends not only on the legislation that...

  • A New Year's Resolution for 2006: Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/06 - Donlevy, Jim

    There are still far too many poor and minority children being educated in schools with inadequate resources and poorly trained and uncertified staff. Sadly, educational results for children in such schools are significantly below those of children in better-funded schools and districts. This article reviews recent New Year's resolutions made in the Journal and calls for "Closing the Achievement Gap" as the New Year's resolution for 2006. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

  • A New Year's Resolution for 2007: Increase Understanding of Adolescent Literacy to Help Close the Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

  • A NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION FOR 2007: INCREASE UNDERSTANDING OF ADOLESCENT LITERACY TO HELP CLOSE THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP

    1/1/07 - Donlevy, Jim

    The academic Achievement Gap persists even as calls intensify to close it. One fruitful area for helping to address achievement disparities is adolescent literacy. Although a great deal is known about teaching reading in the early grades, not as much is known about middle and high school literacy, areas where the Achievement Gap becomes more pronounced. This article reviews previous New Year's resolutions, calls for greater understanding of adolescent literacy, and describes some...

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    A next social contract for the primary years of education

    1/9/10 - Lisa Guernsey, Sara Mead

    "We, as a nation, are doing a very good job of squandering human potential and making life harder for all Americans as a result. This has to stop. If our government, at the local, state, and federal level, does not start investing in education systems that reach children before kindergarten, and if it does not get serious about providing children with high-quality instruction throughout the earliest years of their schooling, it is wasting taxpayer dollars, ignoring decades of research and...

  • A Reading Program to Narrow the Achievement Gap

    1/1/08 - Erickson, Elizabeth

    Due to the No Child Left Behind legislation (PL 107-110, reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act), schools are looking for reading programs that will push students into reading proficiency on standardized tests. Programs tend to be expensive, require specific training, and often require buying that company's materials. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

  • Academic Performance Gap Between Summer-Birthday and Fall-Birthday Children in Grades K-8

    1/1/06 - Oshima, T. C., Domaleski, Christopher S.

    Much interest exists among parents and researchers regarding the benefits and drawbacks of delaying kindergarten entrance to acquire academic advantage ("redshirting"). How evident is this assumed advantage at the kindergarten level and beyond? The authors evaluated largescale test data from Grades K-8 to investigate the difference in performance between younger children (summer birthday) and older children (fall birthday). The performance gap evident in kindergarten decreased rapidly in...

  • Access to Higher Education: The Hope for Democratic Schooling in America

    1/1/04 - Burke, J. Bruce, Johnstone, Michelle

    The American aspiration for higher education as a road to a better life for everyone is threatened. As the economic and social gap between the upper third of the population and the bottom third widens, so access to better education, especially to higher education, becomes increasingly difficult to achieve. The traditional role of hope in the American Democratic Dream of a just and fair society is being eroded, as increasing numbers of Americans are marginalized, jailed, recruited into...

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    Access to Pre-K education under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act

    1/31/10 - Education Law Center,

    "Under federal law, states are required to ensure that homeless children have equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including a public preschool education, as provided to other children and youths. This policy brief provides an overview of the law and its limitations and describes policies that can help increase the number of homeless children included in pre-k programs. It is intended to serve as a resource for state policy makers and advocates seeking to maximize...

  • According to Jim: The Disproportions of Abilities

    1/1/09 - Gallagher, James J.

    The article discusses the factors involved on the issue about disproportion which refers to the absence of minority students in the classroom of gifted students in the U.S. One main factor is an assumption of equality in ability between ethnic and racial groups at birth with no superior races involved. The author explains that the country's educational system is facing real differences in the development of intellectual abilities of students by school age which is a morally and socially...

  • Accountability Standards, and the Growing Achievement Gap: Lessons from the Past Half-Century

    1/1/06 - Harris, Douglas N., Herrington, Carolyn D.

    The rise of accountability policies during the early 1990s coincided with an increase in the achievement gap between white and minority students, reversing decades of steady improvement in outcome equity. This article explores the policies that helped to reduce the achievement gap before 1990, the effects of the subsequent shift toward accountability, and what can be learned from past successes to guide the future development of accountability systems. An extensive review of research...

  • Achievement disparities between minority and nonminority students in suburban schools

    1/1/90 - Levine, Daniel U., Eubanks, Eugene E.
  • Achievement Gap vs. Acceleration

    1/1/04 - Johnsen, Susan

    The federal government's use of the phrase "achievement gap" to encourage policy, legislation, and state assessments is contrary to what educators in gifted education know is important to challenging gifted and talented students--acceleration. Although all children should be achieving at a level commensurate with their abilities, or at least at a minimum competency level, the concept of an "achievement gap" creates a "ceiling" so that the gap is reduced but at the expense of gifted and...

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    Achieving Gender Equity in Public Education: A Scenario Planning Resource for Advocates, Policymakers and Practitioners

    1/16/10 - Caroline and Sigmund Schott Foundation, The Schott Center for Public and Early Education

    "This report reflects our recent efforts to understand how to ensure that the next generation of girls and boys enjoy respectful schools and classrooms in which they can grow and succeed. We want all children to have the benefits of an education that provides them with a full range of life options and helps them become decisionmakers and leaders. We hope this publication will serve as a useful discussion tool for organizations, foundations, and individuals interested in creating more...

  • Acquisition of simple and complex knowledge: a knowledge gap perspective [computer file]

    1/1/05 - Le Heron, Judy, Sligo, Frank

    This paper assesses university students' acquisition of simple and complex knowledge, in exploring whether the knowledge gap hypothesis (KGH) with its origins in community-based research into people's informal learning from mass media, provides insights into students' acquisition and retention of information. The KGH posits that attempts to equalise knowledge within a community by releasing new information into it often either has no such effect, or even worsens knowledge inequities. The...

  • Addressing the Achievement Gap Between Minority and Nonminority Children by Increasing Access to Gifted Programs

    1/1/04 - Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula, Lee, Seon-young, Ngoi, Mephie

    Project EXCITE is a collaborative program of a university-based gifted center and local school districts designed to prepare gifted minority elementary and middle school students for advanced tracks in math and science in high school. This paper describes the characteristics and components of the EXCITE program and gives data regarding the academic and school achievement of participating students over the past 3 years. Results showed that most of the students were retained in the program...

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