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Category: education

  • Parental care and intrusiveness as predictors of the abilities-achievement gap in adolescence

    1/1/98 - Feldman, Ruth, Guttfreund, Daniel, Yerushalmi, Hannoch

    A study was conducted to examine the relationship between adolescents' perceptions of parental care and intrusiveness and the abilities-achievement gap. Data were drawn from 200 Israeli adolescents who self-reported representations of parental care and intrusiveness, externalizing symptoms, and internalizing symptoms. Results revealed that there was a larger gap between abilities and achievement in language and mathematics for boys than there was for girls and that this gap was accounted for...

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    Parents' experiences with the IEP process: Considerations for improving practice

    1/9/10 - John W. Retman, Laura Beck, Teresa Coppola, Anita Engiles

    "We review literature here to explore findings from 10 studies published after 2004 that focus on the experiences and perceptions of parents or other caregivers related to the IEP process. Our objective is to highlight recommendations from this body of literature for improving the experiences of parents and encouraging their participation in IEP meetings."

  • Physical Activity, Obesity, and the Academic Achievement Gap in Minority Children

    1/1/08 - Johnson, Ingrid L.

    A review of recent studies on obesity, academic achievement, and physical activity is provided. The studies revealed that many children, especially from minority populations, do not engage in the recommended 60 minutes of physical activity per day, which conceivably contributes to overweight and obesity, especially in minority children to whom the No Child Left Behind Act is primarily directed; there is a significant and positive link between physical activity and weight control; and there...

  • Poverty and educational achievement: why do children from low-income families tend to do less well at school?

    1/1/07 - West, Anne

    There is an achievement gap between children from poor family backgrounds and others; this is not unique to the UK, but found in all other countries of the OECD. This article examines the reasons why children from poorer backgrounds do not, on average, do as well academically at school as those from more advantaged backgrounds. It argues that the family, income and material resources are highly significant, although schools also play an important role. Possible implications for policy are...

  • Practical Behavior Management Techniques to Close the Accessibility Gap for Students Who Are Culturally and Linguistically Diverse

    1/1/08 - Cartledge, Gwendolyn, Singh, Angella, Gibson, Lenwood

    Students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are disproportionately identified for special education in the most restrictive placements. These students tend to have the least access to the general education curriculum and experience the greatest levels of school failure. Educators see an obvious need to change this pattern. These students would benefit most from positive, proactive interventions that enable them to adjust to their school's culture and to master the...

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    Preparing Students for the Common Core State Standards in Writing

    7/22/13 - Education Northwest

    With all but a handful of states having adopted the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), schools and districts nationwide are now working to ensure effective implementation. The standards demand that all students have access to the high-quality instruction needed to meet college- and career-ready expectations. In writing, students must be able to demonstrate proficiency at their grade level in both the K–12 English Language Arts Standards and the Grade 6–12 Standards for Literacy in...

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    Principals Make a Difference: Recommendations for Strengthening Special Education Teacher Induction

    1/14/10 - Pugach, M. C., Blanton, L. P., Correa, V. I., McLeskey, J., & Langley, L. K.

    Although novice special education teachers benefit from the same types of support and induction that their general education colleagues receive, certain aspects of their experience require additional attention. Find out what principals can do to help novice special education teachers thrive.

  • Professional Development and Closing the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Hirsh, Stephanie

    Part of a special issue on closing achievement gaps. Schools must select the professional development approach that aligns most closely with the assumptions and beliefs of staff members in order to produce the results desired for students. When beliefs underpinning a new staff development program match the long-held beliefs of participants, change in behavior accelerates, while the reverse is true if when beliefs are not in alignment. Educators might begin the process by ensuring a thorough...

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    Promoting Children’s School Readiness: Rethinking the Levers for Change

    1/30/10 - National Center for Research on Early Childhood Education,

    "Growing public investments in ECE, especially prekindergarten (pre-k), make understanding of how different research findings fit together increasingly important. This NCRECE In Focus offers teachers and administrators direction in this regard by looking at how two prominent “puzzle pieces” fit together."

  • Pushing Past the Achievement Gap: An Essay on the Language of Deficit

    1/1/07 - Ladson-Billings, Gloria

    Part of a special issue celebrating the 75th anniversary of The Journal of Negro Education. There has been an intense focus on the achievement gap that exists between African American, Latino, and other students of color and their white counterparts, but this discourse keeps everyone locked in the deficit paradigm. The current concern with an achievement gap is substantive and semantic, does not take into account the other gaps that plague the lives of poor children of color, and suggests...

  • Pushing Past the Achievement Gap: An Essay on the Language of Deficit

    1/1/07 - Ladson-Billings, Gloria

    Despite the intense focus on the achievement gap that exists between African American, Latino, and other students of color and their White counterparts, the achievement gap discourse keeps us locked in the deficit paradigm. This article challenges us to look at the inherent fallacies of the achievement gap discourse and place students' academic struggles in the larger context of social failure including health, wealth, and funding gaps that impede their school success. [ABSTRACT FROM...

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    Putting it all together: Guiding principles for quality after-school programs serving preteens

    1/31/10 - Rachel A. Metz, Julie Goldsmith, Amy J.A. Arbeton

    "What are the most important characteristics of quality after-school programs for preteens, based on the latest research? The Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health (the Foundation) set out to answer that question by commissioning Public/Private Ventures (P/PV) to examine the literature and develop a set of guiding principles for after-school programs serving preteens. This report builds on a set of benchmarks that P/PV created for the Foundation in 2003."

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    Quality Indicators of Inclusive Early Childhood Programs/Practices

    1/28/11 - Cate, D., Diefendorf, M., McCullough, K., Peters, M. L., & Whaley, K.

    Overall quality measures of inclusion based on an average rating of a program, classroom or setting may not reflect the actual inclusion experience or appropriateness for individual children. Multiple measures, along with individually relevant information and periodic review, may be the best way of determining the quality of inclusion experiences and opportunities for individual children. Consideration of the actual inclusion experience of individual children, their families and peers, and...

  • Race, cultural capital and educational resources: Persistent inequalities and achievement returns

    1/1/99 - Roscigno, Vincent J., Ainsworth-Darnell, James W.

    Examined the extent to which Black and White students differ in cultural capital and household educational resources, the mediating role these attributes may play between family background and racial disparities in academic achievement, and whether educational returns vary by racial group. Data were obtained from the National Education Longitudinal Survey (1990) of 16,189 10th graders (83.6% White, 16.4% Black). The findings of a statistical analysis show that significant racial variations...

  • Race-ethnicity, SES, gender, and language proficiency trends in mathematics achievement: an update

    1/1/97 - Tate, William F.

    The purpose of this article is to document changes in U.S. mathematics achievement by reviewing national trend studies, college admissions examinations, and Advanced Placement tests. This article examined this quantitative research literature to determine trends in mathematics achievement of various social groups defined along lines of race, class, gender, ethnicity, and language proficiency. The findings of this review indicate that over the last 15 years all demographic groups have...

  • Racial and ethnic achievement gap trends: reversing the progress toward equity?

    1/1/02 - Lee, Jaekyung

    Racial and ethnic achievement gaps narrowed substantially in the 1970s and 1980s. As some of the gaps widened in the 1990s, there were some setbacks in the progress the nation made toward racial and ethnic equity. This article offers a look below the surface at Black-White and Hispanic-White achievement gap trends over the past 30 years. The literature review and data analysis identify the key factors that seem to have contributed to bifurcated patterns in achievement gaps. The conventional...

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