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Category: education

  • Development of the Literacy Achievement Gap: A Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Through Third Grade

    1/1/07 - Foster, Wayne A., Miller, Merideth

    Purpose: The major goal of this study was to specify the developmental trajectories for phonics and early text comprehension skills of children from kindergarten through third grade. Method: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (N = 12,261) were used in this study. The participants were divided into 3 school readiness groups based on an assessment of literacy skill development at the time of entrance into kindergarten. The different groups were tracked on phonics and text...

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    Did You Know?: About the Difference Between “Parent Involvement” and “Family/Community Linkages”?

    1/1/05 - Ferguson, D.

    The Family School Linkages (FSL) Project of the National Institute for Urban School, now the Equity Alliance at ASU, worked with schools and families to think about and improve relationships between schools and all the families of their students. A growing number of studies show that when family members talk to their children about schooling, participate with school personnel, and support their children’s efforts, the students achieve more, attend more regularly, and are more motivated and...

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    Did You Know?: About the Difference Between “Parent Involvement” and “Family/Community Linkages”?

    1/1/05 - Ferguson, D.

    The Family School Linkages (FSL) Project of the National Institute for Urban School, now the Equity Alliance at ASU, worked with schools and families to think about and improve relationships between schools and all the families of their students. A growing number of studies show that when family members talk to their children about schooling, participate with school personnel, and support their children’s efforts, the students achieve more, attend more regularly, and are more motivated and...

  • Different, Not Better: Gender Differences in Mathematics Learning and Achievement

    1/1/08 - Geist, Eugene A., King, Margaret

    This article reviews the assessment data, literature and research on gender differences in mathematics. The question of whether boys are better at mathematics has been an issue in education for the past 5 years. The assumption is that there is a biological difference between boys and girls that make boys predisposed to do better in mathematics. Data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress disputes this assumption. The NAEP shows a gap of only 2 points between girls and boys and...

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    Digest of Education Statistics 2009

    1/1/10 - Thomas D. Snyder, Sally A. Dillow

    "In fall 2009, about 75.2 million people were enrolled in American schools and colleges (table 1). About 4.7 million people were employed as elementary and secondary school teachers or as college faculty, in full-time equivalents (FTE). Other professional, administrative, and support staff at educational institutions totaled 5.4 million. All data for 2009 in this Introduction are projected. Some data for other years are projected or estimated as noted. In discussions of historical trends...

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    Diploma options for students with disabilities: Synthesis of the NCEO document

    1/5/09 - Berdette, P

    The National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) has conducted four studies of state graduation requirements for students with disabilities. This document synthesizes findings reported in NCEO’s most recent 2007 study, Revisiting Graduation Requirements and Diploma Options for Youth with Disabilities: A National Study, and the comparisons they made to findings from 2002.1 The purpose of the NCEO national study was to describe current variations across states in high school exit exam...

  • Disguising the Achievement Gap

    1/1/05 - Probst, Bob

    Although the No Child Left Behind Act has been developed to address the achievement gap, testing struggling students will only remind them they are behind, drilling will not improve anything, and standardizing the curriculum would be disastrous. In order to have even the slightest hope of closing the achievement gap, educators must be flexible in their choice of books so that they can find what will work best; avoid mechanical, routinized instruction and do their best to get students...

  • Disparities in Academic Achievement and Health: The Intersection of Child Education and Health Policy

    1/1/09 - Fiscella, Kevin, Kitzman, Harriet

    Recent data suggest that that the United States is failing to make significant progress toward the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities. One missing element from the US strategy for achieving this goal is a focus on gaps in child development and achievement. Academic achievement and education seem to be critical determinants of health across the life span and disparities in one contribute to disparities in the other. Despite these linkages, national policy treats child...

  • Disparities Within: Unequal Spending and Achievement in an Urban School District

    1/1/03 - Condron, Dennis J., Roscigno, Vincent J.

    The debate over whether educational spending shapes achievement has persisted for decades, largely because of methodological and analytical limitations associated with the use of district-level data. In this study, the authors analyzed unique within-district variations in spending and achievement among 89 public elementary schools in a large, North Central, urban district. The analyses reveal considerable disparities in spending within the district, which are linked to local patterns of...

  • Disparities Within: Unequal Spending and Achievement in an Urban School District

    1/1/03 - Condron, Dennis J., Roscigno, Vincent J.

    The debate over whether educational spending shapes achievement has persisted for decades, largely because of methodological and analytical limitations associated with the use of district-level data. In this study, the authors analyzed unique within-district variations in spending and achievement among 89 public elementary schools in a large, North Central, urban district. The analyses reveal considerable disparities in spending within the district, which are linked to local patterns of...

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    Disproportionate Representation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students in Special Education: An Orientation for Parents

    1/6/09 - JoEtta Gonzales, Elaine Mulligan

    This presentation addresses three questions: What is the nature of disproportionate representation in our nation’s schools?What are parents’ legal rights for preventing inappropriate placement ? What are some resources and guidelines that parents and students can access to help prevent inappropriate placement?

  • Do Small Classes Reduce the Achievement Gap between Low and High Achievers? Evidence from Project STAR

    1/1/08 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Given that previous findings on the social distribution of the effects of small classes have been mixed and inconclusive, in the present study I attempted to shed light on the mechanism through which small classes affect the achievement of low- and high-achieving students. I used data from a 4-year large-scale randomized experiment (project STAR) to examine the effects of small classes on the achievement gap. The sample consisted of nearly 11,000 elementary school students who participated...

  • Does equalization litigation effect a narrowing of the gap of value added achievement outcomes among school districts?

    1/1/01 - Peevely, Gary L., Ray, John R.

    A study investigated whether equalization litigation effects a narrowing of the gap of value added achievement outcomes among school districts. The value added student achievement levels of the school districts that were named as litigants in the Tennessee Small School Systems v. McWherter were compared to those districts that were not litigants. Results indicated that the litigant districts have not consistently improved or distanced themselves in any substantive way from the nonlitigant...

  • Does equalization litigation effect a narrowing of the gap of value added achievement outcomes among school districts?

    1/1/01 - Peevely, Gary L., Ray, John R.

    A study examined the value added student achievement levels of those school districts that were named as litigants in the Tennessee Small School Systems v. McWherter. Data were obtained by analyzing the mean assessment scores achieved in the Tennessee Value Added Assessment System for litigant and non-litigant districts in the areas of reading, math, language, science, and social studies for the years 1994-1997. The results indicate that although the litigant districts with the infusion of...

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    Dropout Prevention: A Practice Guide

    1/13/10 - Mark Dynarski, Linda Clarke, Brian Cobb, Jeremy Finn, Russell Rumberger, Jay Smink

    "This guide is intended to be useful to educators in high schools and middle schools, to superintendents and school boards, and to state policymakers in planning and executing dropout prevention strategies. The target audience includes school administrators as well as district-level administrators. This guide seeks to help them develop practice and policy alternatives for implementation. The guide includes specific recommendations and indicates the quality of the evidence that supports these...

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    Dual-language programs in U.S. schools: An alternative to monocultural, monolingual education

    1/5/09 - Eugene Garcia, Bryant Jensen

    "Dual Language (DL) programs are relatively new in the United States. After the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in 1994, a large federal effort related to the education of dual language students was launched. It was at this point that the US Department of Education promoted the development of educational programs whose goal was dual language competency for both language minority students speaking a non-English home language as well as for students whose...

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