Category: education

  • Beginning Reading Instruction in Urban Schools: The Curriculum Gap Ensures a Continuing Achievement Gap

    1/1/07 - Teale, William H., Paciga, Kathleen A., Hoffman, Jessica L.

    Although Reading First (RF) is having positive effects on early literacy achievement, it is resulting in a curriculum gap. RF, which has received more than $4 billion to improve reading instruction in the primary grades since 2002, is based on phonological awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension, five indispensable components of a quality beginning reading program. However, as legislation becomes classroom practice, there have been comprehension instruction gaps, gaps in...

  • Between Two Worlds: How Young Latinos Come of Age in America

    1/1/09 - Pew Hispanic Center Staff

    A Pew Hispanic Center report based on a new nationwide survey of Latino youths and on analyses of government data examines the values, attitudes, experiences and self-identity of this generation as it comes of age in America.

  • Beyond Black and White: The Model Minority Myth and the Invisibility of Asian American Students

    1/1/07 - Wing, Jean

    This study of diverse Asian American students at a racially integrated public high school illustrates that the achievement gap is a multi-racial problem that cannot be well understood solely in terms of the trajectories of Black and white students. Asian American students demonstrated a high academic profile on average, but faced difficulties and failure in ways rendered invisible by widespread acceptance of the “Model Minority Myth,” which says that Asians comprise the racial minority...

  • Beyond Brown v. Board of Education: The Need to Remedy the Achievement Gap

    1/1/02 - Klein, Dora W.

    The achievement gap between black and white students, in existence despite Brown v. Board of Education, must be remedied. In general, desegregation decrees issued under the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education fail to adequately address disparate academic achievement. Today, as many desegregation cases come to an end, the ultimate goal of Brown v. Board of Education to create public schools that prepare all children to succeed in life may be best served by attempting to eliminate racial...

  • Beyond High School: An Examination of Hispanic Educational Attainment

    1/1/00 - Jasinski, Jana L.

    Low educational attainment has been a barrier to the advancement of Hispanic Americans in the United States, and a number of explanations for this have been suggested. One group of explanations centers around Hispanic Americans' use and exposure to English. A second group of explanations focuses more on socioeconomic disadvantages facing this population. Much of the research that looks at educational attainment among Hispanic Americans, however, does not consider Hispanic group differences...

  • Beyond the Laboratory: Evaluating the Survey Evidence for the Disidentification Explanation of Black-White Differences in Achievement

    1/1/04 - Morgan, Stephen L., Mehta, Jal D.

    The black-white gap in achievement, as measured by performance on standardized tests, has received considerable attention from researchers in the past five years. Claude Steele's stereotype threat and disidentification mechanism is perhaps the most heralded of the new explanations for residual racial differences that persist after adjustments for social background are performed. Analyzing data from the National Education Longitudinal Study, we found qualified support for portions of the...

  • Black-White Differences in Achievement: The Importance of Wealth

    1/1/03 - Orr, Amy J.

    In this article, the author argues that wealth, which is an indicator of both financial and human capital, can affect academic achievement, as well as help to explain the gap in black-white test scores. Analyses reveal that wealth affects achievement through its effect on the amount of cultural capital to which a child is exposed. Because blacks have substantially less wealth than do whites, wealth can help to explain a portion of the racial achievement gap. The implications of the findings...

  • Bridging the Acculturation Gap: Parent-Child Relationship Quality as a Moderator in Mexican American Families

    1/1/08 - Schofield, Thomas J., Parke, Ross D., Kim, Young, Coltrane, Scott

    The authors examined the degree to which disparities in parent and child acculturation are linked to both family and child adjustment. With a sample of 1st- and 2nd-generation Mexican American children, acculturation and parent-child relationship quality at 5th grade, and parent-child conflict, child internalizing, and child externalizing at 7th grade were measured. Acculturation gaps with fathers were found to be related to later father-child conflict as well as internalizing and...

  • Bridging the gap between academics & athletics

    1/1/98 - Jones, Dianne C.

    A study at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater examined the validity of the stereotypes that student athletes were inferior students, selected easier majors, and did not graduate. A review of grade point averages proved that the student athletes at the university were not academically inferior to the general student population. A tabulation of majors showed that student athletes did not select perceived "easier" majors than the general student body. Furthermore, an analysis of graduation...

  • Bridging the gap: aligning current practice and evolving expectations for middle years literacy programs

    1/1/98 - Hosking, Neville J., Teberg, Ann S.

    The writers present a summary of the goals and philosophies of a student-centered, middle school literacy program. They profile the evolving view of middle years literacy programs, discuss the results of a teacher survey exploring the gaps between the evolving view of effective middle years literacy programs and teachers' perceptions of their current practice, and provide a model of support that offers direction and flexibility designed to help teachers and administrators achieve successful...

  • Bridging the Gap: Towards an Understanding of Young Children's Thinking in Multiage Groups

    1/1/05 - Gerard, Maureen

    A study examined academic performance in multiage classes. Data were obtained from a multiage group of 29 nine, ten, and eleven-year-olds in a suburban area of a large metropolitan area in the western United States. Findings revealed no evidence of differences in academic performance on standardized tests for the students in this multiage group. Findings imply that multiage students are as intelligent as their counterparts of the same age.

  • Bridging the Gaps in Perspectives on Equity in Mathematics Education

    1/1/08 - Luienski, Sarah Theule, Guiterrez, Rochelle

    In this rejoinder, the authors further detail their positions on the role of gaps analyses in mathematics education research as outlined in the previous 2 articles. They clarify areas of agreement and probe areas of disagreement, focusing on the benefits and dangers they see in either emphasizing educational disparities between groups or shifting the focus to the advancement of particular groups. The authors discuss ways in which their backgrounds have shaped their differences in...

  • Bridging the Knowing and Doing Gap: The No Child Left Behind Act, Race, and Suburban School Districts

    1/1/08 - Griffith, Henry C., Sr., Conrad, Timothy L.

    Details of how one suburban school district in Ohio has embraced the No Child Left Behind Act and embarked on several initiatives to meet its goals and to close the achievement gap between white and black students are provided. First, the district's top leadership dedicated itself to closing the achievement gap before committing others to the vision and a strong team was put in place to support leadership in making the changes necessary to transform the vision into reality. One of the...

  • Brown Plus 50 Counter-Storytelling: A Critical Race Theory Analysis of the "Majoritarian Achievement Gap" Story

    1/1/04 - Love, Barbara J.

    Part of a special issue on the 50th anniversary of the first Brown decision. The writer uses Critical Race Theory to analyze current discussions of the "achievement gap" as the latest incarnation of the "white intellectual superiority/African American intellectual inferiority" notion that is a mainstay of "majoritarian storytelling" in U.S. culture. She employs critical race counter-story to chronicle the historical development and maintenance of the "achievement gap," along with efforts of...

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    Building an early childhood professional development system

    1/10/10 - Rachel Demma

    "Specialized knowledge of how young children develop and learn is critical for members of the early childhood workforce. All members of this workforce need access to preparation programs at two- and four-year colleges and opportunities for ongoing education and development. Unfortunately, many states are not collecting data about professional qualifications and ongoing professional development that could inform measures of program quality and child outcomes."

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    Building Leadership Teams, Academy 1, Facilitator's Manual

    1/18/10 - National Institute for Urban School Improvement

    This is from the Building Leadership Teams Professional Module. Please see the other documents within this module (6 total participant handouts, 1 participant handbook, 3 facilitator manuals, and 3 slide presentations)

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