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Category: differences

  • A comparison of the academic performance of Black and White freshman students on an urban commuter campus

    1/1/86 - Mannan, Golam, Charleston, Lillian, Saghafi, Behrooz

    Compared the academic performance of 3,279 entering undergraduates at a midwestern commuter university in terms of whether they had been admitted to the regular academic program or to a remedial program. Based on placement test scores, 152 Blacks and 459 Whites had been placed in remedial English and mathematics courses. Findings show that in terms of grade point averages (GPAs), Black students' performance lagged behind that of White students in both regular and remedial programs even when...

  • Are gifted girls motivationally disadvantaged? Review, reflection, and redirection

    1/1/02 - Dai, David Yun

    Over the past 2 decades, much research on gifted girls has revolved around the issue of whether they, compared to gifted boys, are motivationally disadvantaged in achievement settings. While research and anecdotal evidence seems to support this hypothesis, most recent educational statistics show the closing of the gender gap. In this article, the literature is reviewed and critiqued as to the existence of alleged gender differences, as well as task and social conditions, and putative...

  • Beyond Black and white: The model minority myth and the invisibility of Asian American students

    1/1/07 - Wing, Jean Yonemura

    This study of diverse Asian American students at a racially integrated public high school illustrates that the achievement gap is a multi-racial problem that cannot be well understood solely in terms of the trajectories of Black and white students. Asian American students demonstrated a high academic profile on average, but faced difficulties and failure in ways rendered invisible by widespread acceptance of the "Model Minority Myth," which says that Asians comprise the racial minority group...

  • Burden of acting neither White nor Black: Asian American identities and achievement in urban schools

    1/1/06 - Lew, Jamie

    Ogbu's theory of "burden of acting white" has been one of the most frequently cited studies to explain black and white achievement gap. However, emerging studies have argued that Ogbu's theory may be limited when examining variability of school achievement among black and white students. Research shows that in addition to culture, other social forces, such as class, peer networks, and school context may play a significant role when accounting for minority students' academic aspirations and...

  • Dear Zora: A Letter to Zora Neale Hurston 50 Years After Brown

    1/1/05 - Fine, Michelle, Bloom, Janice, Burns, April, Chajet, Lori, Guishard, Monique, Payne, Yasser, Perkins-Munn, Tiffany, Torre, Maria Elena

    This article reports on the extensive qualitative and quantitative findings of a multimethod participatory study designed to assess urban and suburban youths' experiences of racial/class justice or injustice in their schools and throughout the nation. Constructed as a letter to Zora Neale Hurston, who was immediately critical of the Brown decision in 1955, the article lays out the victories of Brown and the ongoing struggles, what we call "six degrees of segregation" that identify systematic...

  • Effects of Cultural and Social Structural Factors on the Achievement of White and Chinese American Students at School Transition Points

    1/1/06 - Pearce, Richard R.

    Chinese Americans' high levels of educational achievement have earned them attention as a "model minority" to be emulated by underachieving and underrepresented minority groups. However, the model minority analogy does not adequately explain how this achievement is realized, nor how such information can be used to help other groups close the achievement gap. The ability of both White and Chinese American students to weather school transitions and to remain on track for high achievement and...

  • From Noncompetence to Exceptional Talent: Exploring the Range of Academic Achievement Within and Between Grade Levels

    1/1/05 - Gagné, Françoys

    This article analyzes the magnitude of individual differences in academic achievement and their growth over the first 9 years of schooling. The author anchors the widening-gap phenomenon on the theoretical recognition of large individual differences in learning pace, which logically leads over time to an increasing gap in knowledge and skills between the fastest and slowest learners. The achievement data used as evidence were borrowed from the developmental standard score (SS) norms of the...

  • Locus of control, self-esteem, and field independence as predictors of school achievement among Anglo American and Mexican American children

    1/1/80 - Nelson, William, Knight, George P., Kagan, Spencer, Gumbiner, Jann

    Explored the relation of measures of locus of control, self-esteem, and field independence to the reading and math achievement of 170 Mexican-American and Anglo-American children. Ss were administered a battery of tests including the Intellectual Achievement Responsibility Questionnaire, the Self-Esteem Inventory, the man-in-the-frame test, and the California Achievement Tests. The Anglo-American/Mexican-American school achievement gap was confirmed, but no significant cultural difference on...

  • Minority advances in test performance: A response to Jones

    1/1/86 - Wainer, Howard

    Suggests that the advances made by minorities in test performance reported by L. V. Jones (see record 1985-26568-001) must be interpreted with some skepticism in light of the self-selecting nature of the College Board Scholastic Achievement Test and the 120-point gap in scores on this test between Blacks and Whites. (1 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA )

  • My Brother's Keeper: Obama Announces New Initiative Focused on Boys and Young Men of Color

    3/4/14 - Amos, Jason

    President Obama_MyBrothersKeeperObama launched a new initiative called “My Brother’s Keeper” at the White House on February 27 that will help boys and young men of color stay in school and find good jobs by focusing on key moments in their lives.

  • Parent Involvement, Cultural Capital, and the Achievement Gap Among Elementary School Children

    1/1/06 - Lee, Jung-Sook, Bowen, Natasha K.

    This study examined the level and impact of five types of parent involvement on elementary school children's academic achievement by race/ethnicity, poverty, and parent educational attainment. The sample comprised 415 third through fifth graders who completed the Elementary School Success Profile. Hypotheses from Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital were assessed with t tests, chi-square statistics, and hierarchical regressions. Consistent with the theory, parents with different demographic...

  • Race, cultural capital and educational resources: Persistent inequalities and achievement returns

    1/1/99 - Roscigno, Vincent J., Ainsworth-Darnell, James W.

    Examined the extent to which Black and White students differ in cultural capital and household educational resources, the mediating role these attributes may play between family background and racial disparities in academic achievement, and whether educational returns vary by racial group. Data were obtained from the National Education Longitudinal Survey (1990) of 16,189 10th graders (83.6% White, 16.4% Black). The findings of a statistical analysis show that significant racial variations...

  • Race-Blind Policies Ignore Ethnicity and Mask Education Disparities

    3/11/14 - Tran, Jonathan

    For nearly two decades, Proposition 209 has prevented educational, employment, and other public institutions in California from considering race as a factor in admissions and hiring - a misguided and flawed policy that has masked and proliferated significant disparities in these arenas.

  • Racial and gender science achievement gaps in secondary education

    1/1/03 - Bacharach, Verne R., Baumeister, Alfred A., Furr, R. Michael

    A substantial disparity exists for academic achievement in science between Black and White primary-school children. A similar gap exists between boys and girls. The extent to which secondary education influences these achievement gaps has not been established. The authors report analyses showing how these science achievement gaps change as a function of secondary education. Analyses of data from a large, nationally representative longitudinal study of academic achievement showed that racial...

  • Testing conditions influence the race gap in cognition and achievement estimated by household survey data

    1/1/03 - Kim, Hyoshin, Baydar, Nazli, Greek, April

    The present study investigates the hypothesis that the race gap estimated using achievement test scores administered during household surveys may partly be accounted for by measurable testing conditions such as interviewer characteristics, interviewer-child interactions, and the testing environment in the home. Using the child assessments of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) in 1992, the findings clearly indicate that the factors related to testing conditions in the home have...

  • The Civil Rights Project Reaction to Supreme Court Decision in Michigan Prop 2 Case

    4/23/14

    The Civil Rights Project deeply regrets yesterday's decision by the Supreme Court, which ruled that Michigan's Proposal 2, banning race-conscious college admissions, is unconstitutional. The decision overturns a lower court's ruling that the referendum violated the federal constitutional guarantee of equal protection. The Supreme Court's decision exemplifies how legal decisions can ignore the stark realities of our nation and the deep racial inequalitites that continue to exist in America.

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