Categories

Category: achievement gap

  • The Impact of Neighborhood Disadvantage on the Black-White Achievement Gap

    1/1/09 - Lee, Moosung, Madyun, Na'im

    Contextual analysis of the achievement gap has gained much momentum within the last few decades. This study furthers the discourse by examining the applicability of 2 sociological contextual development approaches on achievement. We analyzed 79 neighborhoods organized by the level of crime and poverty from both a social disorganization and social mobilization perspective. We found that the social mobilization perspective was more consistent with the experiences of Black students, whereas...

  • The Matter of Dropouts

    1/1/09 - Ramirez, A. L., Carpenter, Dick

    The article discusses how examining the diversity of students can help reduce the achievement gap. The authors suggest that the achievement gap is more complex than a divide between white and minority students and comment on differences in achievement within ethnic and racial groups. They describe research which reveals that ethnicity did not affect dropout risks and suggest that gaps exist within ethnic groups based on factors such as socioeconomic status, amount of algebra studied, work in...

  • The Mean Is Not Enough: Using Quantile Regression to Examine Trends in Asian-White Differences Across the Entire Achievement Distribution

    1/1/09 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Background: In recent years, Asian Americans have been consistently described as a model minority. The high levels of educational achievement and educational attainment are the main determinants for identifying Asian Americans as a model minority. Nonetheless, only a few studies have examined empirically the accomplishments of Asian Americans, and even fewer studies have compared their achievement with other important societal groups such as Whites. In addition, differences in academic...

  • The No Child Left Behind Act Raises Growing Concerns

    1/1/06 - McReynolds, Kate

    The article focuses on the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of U.S. President George W. Bush on the quality of education in the country. The legislation aims to close the achievement gap the exists in education. It is conceived that NCLB will not achieve its goals. In a survey conducted by the Center on Educational Policy, 71% of the school districts in the country have narrowed their curricula in order to meet government benchmarks in math and reading since the passage of NCLB.

  • Urban Perspectives

    1/1/05
  • Urban School Achievement Gap as a Metaphor to Conceal U.S. Apartheid Education

    1/1/07 - Cross, Beverly E.

    This article uses the metaphor of the achievement gap to make transparent, discuss, and critique the analytical frame/lens used in the articles to analyze urban education. Doing such an analysis is essential to producing an additional lens that has utility in theory and practice. It facilitates a historical analysis of urban education and leads to creating an argument for the new frame in advancing future work in urban education. This will not represent a response to the articles in the...

  • Which Achievement Gap?

    1/1/07 - Anderson, Sharon, Medrich, Elliott, Fowler, Donna

    The article explores the nature of the achievement gap and its relationship to Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). The author suggests that while racial elements are certainly present, the common understanding of the gap should extend beyond racial reconciliation and aim at all students which struggle in documented areas. It is implied that the NCLB and AYP set up unfair comparisons between schools at different levels of development. Paradigms...

  • Within-School Gender Gaps in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy

    1/1/08 - Xin, Ma

    This article reports on gender-gaps in educational achievement and how they vary in reading, mathematics, and science comprehension. These within-school gaps began to decrease in the U.S. after the 1980s until female students began outperforming male students in the 1990s. The article discusses factors related to performance variations, including national education policies, culture, and individual and family characteristics. The article also examines gender inequality, student-teacher...

  • “The Information Gap?”

    1/1/06 - Teske, Paul, Fitzpatrick, Jody, Kaplan, Gabriel

    While the “achievement gap” generally and appropriately focuses upon gaps in test scores and other outcome measures, there may also be an “information gap” between higher and lower income parents that creates a disadvantage for lower income families in choosing good schools. In this article, we examine the extent to which there is such a gap, with a focus on data from a new survey of low- and moderate-income parents who have made school choices. We find that, at least in relatively...

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