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Category: Whites

  • The cultural gap hypothesis as an explanation for the achievement patterns of Mexican-American students

    1/1/87 - Buenning, Meredith, Tollefson, Nona

    Investigated the hypothesis that the academic achievement of Mexican-American students could be explained in part by a conflict in the values of Mexican-American and Anglo-American cultures. 56 Mexican-American and 57 Anglo-American 5th-8th grade students, their parents, and teachers reported their adherence to traditional school values and their view of the importance of field-independent behaviors to success in school. Differences in perceptions and values were observed between cultures...

  • The impact of racial and ethnic segregation on the achievement gap in California high schools

    1/1/92 - Rumberger, Russell W., Willms, J. Douglas

    Examined the extent and impact of racial and ethnic segregation in California high schools during the 1988-1989 school year. Using 2 widely used indices of segregation, the extent of segregation was measured in all 784 regular high schools in the state and in all 112 high schools in the 6 largest districts. Segregation was widespread throughout the state, and the extent of segregation varied widely among ethnic groups and among the 6 largest districts. Significant differences were found in...

  • The Mean Is Not Enough: Using Quantile Regression to Examine Trends in Asian-White Differences Across the Entire Achievement Distribution

    1/1/09 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    A study investigated the achievement gap between Asian American and White students in the lower and upper tails of the academic achievement distribution to clarify whether the achievement gap between the two groups differs by achievement level. Data were obtained from four national probability samples of high school seniors to investigate Asian American-White differences in achievement from 1972 to 1992. Findings revealed that the Asian American-White gap is more evident in mathematics than...

  • The Mean Is Not Enough: Using Quantile Regression to Examine Trends in Asian-White Differences Across the Entire Achievement Distribution

    1/1/09 - Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    Background: In recent years, Asian Americans have been consistently described as a model minority. The high levels of educational achievement and educational attainment are the main determinants for identifying Asian Americans as a model minority. Nonetheless, only a few studies have examined empirically the accomplishments of Asian Americans, and even fewer studies have compared their achievement with other important societal groups such as Whites. In addition, differences in academic...

  • The Role of Cognition, Motivation, and Emotion in Explaining the Mathematics Achievement Gap Between Hispanic and White Students

    1/1/06 - Stevens, Tara, Olivárez, Arturo, Jr., Hamman, Doug

    The authors investigated the relationships between cognitive, motivational, and emotional variables across Hispanic and White students to predict mathematics performance. A theoretically based structural model fit a total sample of 666 4th- to 10th-grade students well, supporting that self-efficacy, sources of self-efficacy, and emotional feedback were all stronger predictors of mathematics performance than general mental ability. Tests of the structural model across ethnicity suggested a...

  • White enrollment in nonpublic schools, public school racial composition, and student performance

    1/1/00 - Bankston, Carl L., III, Caldas, Stephen J.

    Examined the relationship between the racial composition of public schools in school districts and the percentages of White students in nonpublic schools in those districts. Specifically, 2 questions were asked: (1) Is the enrollment of Whites in non-public schools associated with minority predominance in public schools? and (2) Is there an association between the enrollment of Whites outside of the public school system and the academic performance of students in the public school system...

  • White-Black achievement differences: The narrowing gap

    1/1/84 - Jones, Lyle V.

    Discusses findings from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the College Entrance Examination Board that demonstrate consistent reductions during recent years in the size of average achievement differences between White and Black elementary and secondary school students. Societal changes that may have contributed to increasing the average achievement levels for Black students (e.g., desegregation) are examined, and it is noted that these trends are not necessarily due to the...

  • Why the gap between Black and White performance in school? (Testimony of David James Armor, March 5, 6 & 22, 1996)

    1/1/97 - Armor, David James

    Excerpts and discusses testimony of D. J. Armor, a witness for Missouri in the areas of school desegregation plans and techniques, survey techniques, race relations and attitudes, allocation of resources, statistical analysis, and the relationship between school desegregation and achievement. Armor's responses to an attorney for the state (whose objective was to prove that no segregation remained in any of the state's school systems) are included for testimony about the race and...

  • Why the gap between Black and White performance in school?: A report on the effects of race on student achievement in the St. Louis public schools

    1/1/97 - Trent, William T.

    Presents the report submitted to the court during the 1996 Liddell hearings, which is divided into 2 parts and revised to incorporate points raised during W. T. Trent's testimony on March 19, 1996. Part 1 analyzes the effects of race on student achievement and is based on data supplied by the St. Louis Public School District, cohort files covering 4 cohorts of students, and call-in enrollment data files. Data for the effects of race, student background, prior test scores, school...

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